For centuries, care and support is provided to family members throughout the time of sickness. Family career is generally a member of your family, or can be your friend or any of your neighbors. They provide care to the person who is in chronic condition and required assistance to do various tasks like dressing, bathing etc. Nowadays most of the convalescent is having families who provide a certain level of care and support. We all have to depend on families to give some emotional support and serve older members of the family, when they cannot function singly.
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Kinship care - this is furnished by next of kin of an indigene child. This type of care furnishes a territory of indigene community and philosophy.
Foster care - this type of care furnished to children or to those people who are young with safe, steady and protective homely environment until they come back to their home safely.
Emergency care - this type of care provides safe placements for children who need an immediate shelter. This type of care happens every time whenever it’s needed even within a short notice they can arrange safe placements. If any urgency occurs carer will able to arrange an alternative shelter within a short period (McNamara, 2010).
Respite care - everybody needs a break from their regular work so do parents and carer, they also get their break from caring role by sending children for a short school vacation, holidays, short trip, weekends during the week. Respite care can be defined as a planned care which is arranged previously.
Short and medium- this type of care usually lasts three to six months. Short to medium term care tries to reunify parents with children. They try their best to reunifies their community and believes in extended family.
Long-term care - this type of care usually lasts six months or more than six months. If all possible way of reunify parents with their children has been unsuccessful then it’s the process which definitely works. So it’s called a permanent process. Now let's discuss who can be a good carer for your family -an adult who is physically fit and emotionally strong enough to handle situations. He must have a compassion and capability to guide a child (or young person ) properly can appeal to be a carer. Many times it happens that for a interval of time, young person and child's origin family distracted, so they are unable to give the required care and security which are very much needed by them.
Key issue for career - key issue of carer means caring families like increasing their mental health; provide support for ageing and disabilities. Caring should be acknowledged, appreciated and valued. Various risk like financial, social and health to individual should not be carried by any caring. Community should value the caring and understand it as a normal part. Efficient executive and professionals should work corporately to understand how it works. Then only they both started value for each other. Carer also faces financial privation. Its not same like work in a office, the extra responsibility of care make the task of carer more difficult. The love and care of a carer towards the children and younger that cannot measure in cost cause this is significant and pure. Emendation is required to support payment, taxation to enhance carers financial safety. Tax system amends must pay the work more reconcilable which can make the carer more into work not move outside. Sufficient income and government fund annotation must freely available for workers which can grow interest of a carer and those who are unable to join the caring role these must a great opportunity for them. Sufficient funding must be freely got for the carers (Healy & Carley, 2009).
carers value the children and young people so based on this thought some responsibilities and government policies take on behalf of carers. Carers need proper work place which helps them to concentrate in their work. A proper work place helps to extend work life stability. Also a successful business needs a correct work place. Carer can also do their practices from their home using flexible hours.
Rights for children & young people
Charter of rights for children and young people in care in the northern territory had been build a synchronism among carers family members and organizations which all are situated in northern territory. They kept a promise that the children who are out from home given worthy treatment and attention. The configuration of charterd rights are that the children should deserve care and carer also tries to give that maximum care and homely feeling to every child. A carer should understands the young person and provide proper guidance to them. The manager of charter rights ensures that every carer should fulfill their responsibility appropriately.
Carer has multiple roles to play. The roles are dynamic and very involving to every action. But to tachle the older person in house sometimes it's become tougher for the outside carer. Serving for older person for longer period of time makes them psychologically disordered, which is negative for their body. But according to survey it proves that family caregivers are much more efficient in this job (Evans, McGuire, 2009). They have less complexity and more responsibilities for any alternative decision making. Family caregivers put sufficient and rigidious effort which can help that dependent invidual to be more cheerful. Actually we all depended on our families cause this provides emotional stability which helps to get recover soon. Same as a family caregiver assist those older persons by using their intensive love and care which make them get well soon. But over care giving left a negative impact. It increases complexity and trajectory. But over all family caregivers are much more suitable for older persons.
The role of carer, family member can be found often at breaking point. So strategies are being used to make sure that the carer is caring for himself as well. A carer must be aware of the fact that excessive stress can reflect negative impact on carer health. In the similar way caring strategies can be beneficial for you and your family otherwise many problems can be raised, few of those are – you may spend lot of time when you think about your family member but you don’t have any solution what to do. You may you may stressed, may have gone in depression and all, may have many sleepless night. Your aging loved one health may be a reason of bad family relation. It may affect your performance in your workplace. Just for you are spending a huge time caring your family you may not get enough time for yourself. You may think your family or aging loved one needs more help from you but you may not understand whether they will accept it or not (Butow, Smith, 2005)
This all are the main reason why one has to follow proper caring strategies to do his job effectively, otherwise all his effort will go in to vain. So carer has to analysis these problems and adopts some strategies to overcome these problems. This includes a potential, qualitative change and expressive study engage the members of family (icu patient), who are identified at very high risk. We also noticed that global trend is affecting the concern of local society & those concerning children’s care to identify both chances & potential challenges. We all know that to be most effective we have work together and mobilize the communal expertise to get the strategic goal. Such as –
1. Facultative children or young family member to grow up in enduring, sheltered and caring families.
2. Arranging the range top standard alternative choices for caring.
All of us will do this to achieve strategic goal by portioning the resources, studding and proficiency in joint research which has been undertaken. Technical assistance is required for the improvement of care policy and to practice it from domestic level to international level. May be at some point carer find them self unhappy with the support, he gets from family members (including children and young people of the family). There are also some other strategies where you can work on, which includes the solving of problems of major issues, self-talk for reducing stresses and meditation. A proper rest time, exercise (walking, swimming etc), and healthy foods all are necessary for stress relief. The plan of the day should be made like this that you will get all of these three. Get some relaxation by listening good music, meditation to have a better sleep (Sharpe, 2005).
Understanding lays a justification for intercession targeting the important areas of a family member, improvement of their ability of decision making. Carer should carry out their job without disturbing their own physical and mental health. Critical care and palliative care should be taken of aged loved one, to the children (below 5 yrs age) and to the young people of family respectively. Proper communication must need b/w the family member and carer in order to maintain a proper discipline of care giving.
Sharpe, L., Butow, P., Smith, C., McConnell, D., & Clarke, S. (2005). The relationship between available support, unmet needs and caregiver burden in patients with advanced cancer and their carers. Psycho?Oncology, 14(2), 102-114.
Stoltz, P., Udén, G., & Willman, A. (2004). Support for family carers who care for an elderly person at home–a systematic literature review. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 18(2), 111-119.
McNamara, B., & Rosenwax, L. (2010). Which carers of family members at the end of life need more support from health services and why?. Social science & medicine, 70(7), 1035-1041.
Donaldson, C., Tarrier, N., & Burns, A. (1998). Determinants of carer stress in Alzheimer's disease. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(4), 248-256.
Evans, D. S., McGuire, B. E., Healy, E., & Carley, S. N. (2009). Sexuality and personal relationships for people with an intellectual disability. Part II: staff and family carer perspectives. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53(11), 913-921.