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More than 10 Language techniques you need to know

language-techniques

Language technique plays an essential role in writing a story or an essay. There is a wide range of language techniques. Before we go further, it’s important for us to know the definition of Language techniques.

What is language technique?

Language techniques are the elements that a writer brings to his or her story to emphasize the theme on which they are focusing. It plays as an important factor in writing an essay or story.

Language techniques and elements can be found anywhere in the story. As a result, it helps a student to understand a story, poem, essay, or novel in a better way.

Language techniques and their effects

Language technique helps you to score well in your writing. If you have a deep understanding of language techniques, then you can score well. For this, you need to understand language techniques deeply.

Language techniques and their effects help you to understand the following principal factors:

  1. How writers gain impact in their writing
  2. to use various features in your writing (creative and transactional, as well as for your oral presentations) to craft your writing and gain impact
  3. to help you achieve unit standards which require you to explore language and think critically about poetic/transactional/oral texts

In the English language, you will learn many language techniques. These techniques are helpful in making a good essay or story. These techniques help us to write in a different style and format. Moreover, these are the base of the writing techniques.

First of all, we will discuss the language feature and the common verbal language technique.

Let’s discuss the Language feature.

Language feature

When analyzing language, you must show that you are aware of how it is written. This means identifying the language features used and explaining their effect. This will get clearer when you read the examples.

Let us discuss more than 10 techniques that everyone should know.

Common Verbal/Written English Techniques

language-technique

Now, let’s discuss the most common English language techniques!  These include literary techniques and figures of speech that we use in the English language to convey messages, meaning, or depth in our writing, poetry, or story lines. Here we will discuss the list of structural features in English.

Assonance

It is the repetition of the vowel sounds creating an internal rhyming within phrases and sentences.

Example:

In the sentence, “The mother spoke in a low mellow tone.” This contains the repetition of the “o” sound. This indicates that there is a repetition of a vowel sound.

Imagery

Imagery is a popular language technique. It is useful for the students. It helps the students to set up an image or scene in the audience’s mind. This makes a sensory impression in their mind. The students can relate their task with the help of imagery.

Example:

In the sentence: The music was so moving that our whole body was shaking as if it came from within us.

Imperative

Imperatives are one of the most important language techniques. We use imperatives to give orders, commands, warnings or instruction. If you request somebody, then we use “please.”

Example:

  • Come here!
  • Sit down!
  • Do not walk on the grass.

Minor sentences

Minor sentences are also known as irregular sentences. These sentences consist the following:

  • single words
  • sentence fragments
  • interjections
  • idioms
  • Proverbs

There are two main parts of Minor sentence:

Single words sentences

In conversational language, we use single words to get the response or information from another person. Some of the single word sentences are sentence words, one-word sentences, or just word sentences.

  • Person A: “Where is your meeting again?”
  • Person B: “Denver.”

Even though person B responded in a single word, but it contains all the relevant information that is necessary for the context of the conversation.

Sentence fragments

We often use sentence fragments as standalone sentences. The following are the examples:

  • Phrases
  • Incomplete clauses
  • Dependent clauses

In conversational English, we use these language techniques. When we talk or respond to another person, we use this language technique.

Example:

  • Person A: “Are you going to have lunch soon?”
  • B: “In about an hour.” (prepositional phrase)
  • Person A: “Do you want to come to a movie with me later?”
  •  B: “Sounds good!” (incomplete clause)
  • Person A: “When did you realize that you wanted to pursue politics?”
  • B: “When I was in college.” (dependent clause)

Interjections

Interjections convey emotions, expresses meaning and feeling. Interjections are divided into primary and secondary interjections.

Primary interjections

Primary interjections are single words derived from sounds, rather than from existing word classes. It still has widely recognized meaning. Some common primary interjections are:

  • argh (an expression of frustration)
  • brr (an expression of being cold)
  • eww (an expression of disgust)
  • grr (an expression of anger)
  • ooh (an expression of amazement)
  • phew (an expression of relief)

A comma helps in linking the interjections to a major sentence. They can also stand on their own as minor sentences. You can punctuate an interjection with the help of exclamation marks.

  • Ooh! That’s a beautiful dress.”
  • Brr! It’s freezing in here!”
  • Eww! I hate coconuts!”

Secondary Interjections

Secondary interjections are single words or short phrases that belong to other existing word classes. Some common secondary interjections are:

  • bless you
  • congratulations
  • good grief
  • hell
  • hey
  • hi
  • oh my
  • oh well
  • shoot
  • oh my God
  • well
  • what
  • wow

Secondary interjections often punctuated with exclamation points. For example:

  • Oh my God! We won the lottery!”
  • Wow! What a great achievement!”
  • Congratulations! That was an impressive victory.”

However, we can also have weaker secondary interjections that are punctuated with periods or interrogative ones that use question marks.

Example:

  • Well shoot. I really thought we were going to win.”
  • Good grief. I didn’t see that coming.”
  • Well? Are we going to watch a movie?”
  • What? You don’t like coconuts?”

Idioms

An idiom is a phrase or fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning. While talking in conversational language, we use Idioms.

Example:

  • Person A: “Hi, how are you?”
  • Person B: “Hey, Jeff! Long time no see!”
  • Person A: “How can you evict us from our house like this
  • B: “Orders are orders.”
  • Person A: “When will you have that report ready for me?”
  • B: “Any minute now!”

Idioms are frequently used and understood in everyday speech and writing. They are abbreviated, with the full phrase left to be understood by the listener or reader. For instance:

Example:

  • Person A: “I went through all the trouble of getting her this job, and she still managed to screw it up.”
  • B: “Well, you can lead a horse to water.” (Short form of “You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink.”)

 

  • Person A: “I took them to the best restaurant in town, but they said they would rather have had cheeseburgers.”
  • B: “What do you expect? Pearls before swine.” (Short form of ”cast(one’s) pearls before swine”. )

Proverb

Proverbs are similar to idioms. They are also understood due to their frequent use. Proverbs are widely used by everyone. Proverbs are self-contained sentences that express a truth based on common sense or shared experience. Many of them are divided into minor sentences over time.

Example:

  • “You should try and form better habits in your day-to-day routine. Early to bed, early to rise, that sort of thing!” (Short for “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise”)
  • “I’m not sure why people are shocked that he’s suspected of stealing. If the shoe fits.” (Short for “If the shoe fits, wear it.”)
  • “Sure, bring your friends. The more, the merrier!”.

Neologism

Have you ever heard the following words?

  • Amazement
  • cold-blooded
  • blushing
  • gnarled

What do you think, what are the common things in these words?

Shakespeare invented them and was termed as neologisms. Neologism is new word or phrase which most of the writers does not use now. Shakespeare used neologism in his stories and poems.

Example 1

butter: to give a long, rambling speech about uncertainty

Butter combines other words like blabber and stutter to create a new word with a new meaning.

Example 2

onesteva: the sound an off the hook phone makes

This word is an attempt at having a word for the sound we all know so well.

Example 3

sarchasm: the gulf between the author of sarcastic cleverness and the person who doesn’t get it

This word combines sarcasm with chasm for a humorous new word.

Types of Neologisms

As there are a variety of ways to make new words, there are a variety of types of neologisms. Here are a few specific types of neologisms:

Portmanteaus or Blend Words

Portmanteaus do just what they say: Two words are blend together to create a new word which combines their meanings.

Here are a few examples of blend words:

  • smoke + fog = smog
  • spoon + fork = spork
  • breakfast + lunch = brunch

Derived words

Derived words are words that use ancient Greek and Latin phrases to match the English language.

Here are a few examples of derived words:

1.Latin word: Villa

Meaning: villa or house

Derived words: villa, village, villager

2.Latin word: sub

Meaning: under

Derived words: submarine, subway

3.Latin word: copia

Meaning: plenty

Derived words: cornucopia, copious

Transferred words

Transferred words take derived words to a whole new level, as they encompass words taken from another language and used in an adjusted form in English.

  • herbs from French is known as herbes meaning herbs
  • alligator from Spanish is known as  meaning lizard
  • wiener dog from German is known as  wiener meaning hot dog

New words come from creativity and invention. Sometimes we merge the existing words and borrow some from other cultures and languages.

Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia is a language technique, which copies the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described. This makes the description more expressive and interesting.

Example:

“The gushing stream flows in the forest.”

It is a more meaningful description than just saying, “The stream flows in the forest.” It has said to attract the attention of the reader. It is done purposely to draw the reader’s attention to hear the sound of a “gushing stream.” This is making the expression more effective.

Personal pronoun

Words such as I, my, you, me, he, she, our, is known as the personal pronoun. The target is to attract the reader’s attention in a direct manner. It makes the readers involved and engaged.

Example: you can make a difference.:

Personification

In personification, you relate the qualities of a person to a non-human object. Personification makes non-living objects seem lively and lifelike. Moreover, it also contributes to our sense of togetherness with these non-living objects.

Example:

Raindrops danced on the pavement

Rhyme

Rhyme is a repetition of similar-sounding words occurring at the end of lines in poems or songs. It gives a pleasing effect to a poem. Moreover, it offers itself as a prompt device smoothing the progress of memorization.

For instance, all nursery rhymes contain rhyming words in order to ease learning for children. This helps them to memorize that particular poem effortlessly.

We do not seem to forget the nursery rhymes we learned as a kid. Below are a few nursery rhyme examples with rhyming words in bold and italics:

Example:

Baa baa black sheep, have you any wool?

Yes sir, yes sir, three bags full!

One for the master, one for the dame,

And one for the little boy who lives down the lane.

Simple sentences

Simple sentences as a language technique are very useful for the students. It makes the communication easy to understand. Moreover, they are short and to the point. Simple sentences are the easiest way to attract the reader’s attention. It is a popular language technique.

Example:

The services are expensive

Slangs

Slang consists of words that are non-standard in a given language and is generally spoken to show inclusion in a certain social group.

Example:

“Last night was flop. I was supposed to go to a party with my friends, but they flopped on me. They are all such floppers.”

Here the slang term being used is “flop” which means a planned event does not happen. A flopper is someone who cancels the plan at the last minute.

Slogan

A catchy language technique strikes the attention of the reader. It has short and striking phrases.

Example:

‘If you think education is expensive, try ignorance’ – Derek Bok (US educator and lawyer)

Till now, Moreover, this will make you understand the language technique deeply.

Emotive language

Any words that cause an emotional reaction are examples of emotive language.

Example:

Put that in the recycle bin.

This sentence is not emotive. It is a command, but it does not cause an emotional reaction.

You should recycle because it saves the planet.

This sentence is emotive. It suggests an action that produces an emotional response.

Don’t you want to save the planet? How could you choose not to recycle since it saves the planet?

The emotive response causes a reaction or a response.

The Effect of Emotive Language

Especially relevant, Emotive language causes an effect on the audience. When used effectively, emotive language can cause an audience to react in a particular way.

This audience manipulation is a type of rhetoric. Therefore, emotive language can cause an audience to take action or to argue with the speaker.

Emotive language should not be overused. Additionally, we should use when there is a purpose. The speaker should achieve what he/she exactly wants.  As a result, using emotive language effectively can be very beneficial to a speaker.

Coming on to the next section, we will discuss the different literary techniques. Before proceeding, we must know that what are the different literary techniques?

What is literary device?

Commonly, the term Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her message(s) in a simple manner to his or her readers.  When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work.

There are two main parts of Literary devices:

language-technique

  1. Literary elements
  2. Literary techniques

The writers use Literary Elements to develop a literary piece e.g. plot, setting, narrative structure, characters, mood, theme, moral, etc. Writers simply cannot create his desired work without including Literary Elements in a thoroughly professional manner.

Common Literary Elements

Plot:  The logical sequence of events that develop a story.

Setting:  It refers to the time and place in which a story takes place.

Protagonist:  It is the  main character of story, novel or a play e.g. Hamlet in the play Hamlet

Antagonist:  It is the character in conflict with the Protagonist e.g. Claudius in the play Hamlet

Narrator:  A person who tells the story.

Narrative method:  The manner in which a narrative is presented comprising plot and setting.

Dialogue:  Where characters of a narrative speak to one another.

Conflict:  It is an issue in a narrative. The whole story revolves around this.

Mood:  A general atmosphere of a narrative.

Theme:  It is central idea or concept of a story.

Literary Techniques, on the contrary, are structures usually are words or phrases used in literary texts. A writer uses this to achieve not only artistic ends but also readers understanding and appreciation of their literary works.

Examples are metaphor, simile, alliteration, hyperbole, allegory, etc. In contrast to Literary Elements, Literary Techniques are major aspect of literary works.

Literary Devices, it is useful to look at their definition and examples:

Common Literary Techniques

language-technique

Imagery: It is the use of figurative language to create visual representations of actions, objects, and ideas in our mind in such a way that they appeal to our physical senses.

Example:

The room was dark and gloomy. -The words “dark” and “gloomy” are visual images.

The river was roaring in the mountains. – The word “roaring” appeals to our sense of hearing.

Simile and Metaphor: Both compare two distinct objects and draws a similarity between them. The difference is that Simile uses “as” or “like” and Metaphor does not.

Example:

“My love is like a red red rose” (Simile)

He is an old fox very cunning. (Metaphor)

Hyperbole: It is a deliberate exaggeration of actions and ideas for the sake of emphasis.

Example:

Your bag weighs a ton!

I have got a million issues to look after!

Personification: It gives a thing, an idea or an animal human qualities.

Example:

The flowers are dancing beside the lake.

Have you seen my new car? She is a real beauty!

Alliteration: It refers to the same consonant sounds in words coming together.

Example:

Better butter always makes the batter better.

She sells seashells by the seashore.

Allegory:  Here an abstract idea is given in the form of characters, actions or events.

Example:

“Animal Farm,” written by George Orwell, is an example allegory using the actions of animals on a farm to represent the overthrow of the last of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II and the Communist Revolution of Russia before WW II.  In addition, the actions of the animals on the farm are used to expose the greed and corruption of the Revolution.

Irony:  The intended meaning is completely opposite to their literal meaning.

Example:

The bread is soft as a stone.

So nice of you to break my new PSP!

Language techniques are vast. Language techniques help the students to write in a different way.

What are Persuasive Techniques?

Persuasive Techniques is presenting reasons and examples to influence action or thought. Effective persuasive writing requires a writer to state clearly an opinion and to supply reasons and specific examples that support the opinion.

We have discussed the different persuasive techniques in our another blog post.

First of all, we should know what language analysis technique is?

Language analysis technique: It means that how the writer conveys meaning through language techniques, such as figures of speech, sentence structure, tone and word choice.

Common language analysis techniques are:

Rhetorical Question

Statistics

Expert Opinion

Inclusive language

Emotive language

We have discussed all these language analysis techniques in our another blog post.

In conclusion, we have discussed in detail about the language techniques a student must know. These language techniques will help you to understand the functions and usage of the language techniques. These are helpful in your writing techniques. If you implement these techniques in your writing, then you will get the best result.