Gender inequality in India.

Question: Discuss on Gender inequality in India.

Answer:

What is gender inequality?
In simple language, gender inequality is defined as any discrimination against any gender whether women or men, basically gender inequality is a discrimination against the women based on their sex (Gidden et al., 2016).
The main reason which led gender inequality in India?
The main cause and the reason for gender inequality in India is the patriarchy system. According to this patriarchy system men dominates and oppress some time exploits women. 
Some other reasons are education, culture, and traditional norms and extreme poverty which leads women’s low status in the society.
• Poverty- according to the statistic in India of the total 30 percent people who are below poverty line, 70 percent are women. And this due to the absence of economic opportunities and autonomy and minimal participation in decision making (Jayachandran et al., 2015). The economic condition of women is not better and men enjoy a larger share of the cake. Thus poverty is the root cause of inequality.
• Lack of Employment Facilities- women in India spend most of their time on unpaid home sustaining work. Rights and obligations within a household are not distributed evenly. Which create inequality.
• Social customs, Beliefs, and practices- women are not free from social customs, beliefs, and practices.
• Lack of Awareness of Women- most of the women are unaware of their basic rights and capabilities. Which leads them to be oppressed (White et al., 2016).
What are the laws about gender inequality?
There are a variety of federal and state laws that are made to protect the individual against any discrimination. The broadest federal mandates regarding inequality or discrimination are Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which states that it is wrong to refuse to hire and help anybody due to his gender. Article 15 also state that no state should discriminate any citizen on the ground of sex.
Where is this gender inequality practice mainly?
Gender inequality is mainly practiced in the workplace but not only in the workplace, it is practiced in general also in the society as well. The main place where gender inequality is practiced is work place, organization.
In what ways it is affecting the Indian organization. And what are its consequences?
This gender inequality is affecting the growth of the organization in the long run as it increases the employee turnover and the motivational level of the employee and worker are also decreased. It consequences is that the corporate image will be become down.

Conclusion 

At the end of this assignment, it can be concluded that gender inequality is the major reason for many problems in the society such as it hampers the organizational growth and economic growth as well. And the root cause of this problem that is gender inequality is the poverty and lack of education, especially to women education as parents think it is a bad investment in making the girl child educated. Due to custom, beliefs, and tradition, women are many time oppressed and dominated by male. So in a way to solve this issues proper education and awareness should be given to girl child also so that she can know its capabilities and obligation and rights according to law. Which will reduce the gender inequality from India. 

References

Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology. WW Norton.
White, G., Ruther, M., & Kahn, J. (2016). Educational Inequality in India: An Analysis of Gender Differences in Reading and Mathematics. In IHDS Working Paper 2016-2.
Jayachandran, S. (2015). The roots of gender inequality in developing countries. Economics, 7(1), 63-88.
Blau, F. D. (2016). Gender, inequality, and wages. OUP Catalogue. 

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