Taoism is placed on an equivalent altar with Buddhism, Hinduism and Confucianism, where it envelopes the coarse and contemporary nature of Confucianism and the philosophical system of all three having Hinduism predating them all. Taoism is believed to be founded by Lao Tzu who is expected to have been born around 604 BCE yet it is not established whether Lao Tzu actually existed or the persona is a complete manifestation of imagination to supply an author to the book called Tao Te Ching which means ‘the way and its power’ and speaks of the fundamental philosophy of Taoism. If Lao Tzu had existed, then he had lived even before Buddha or Confucius. Over several centuries, various monks have made efforts to implement I Ching into the cultural and social aspects in several groups and organizations, business transformation and even to improve personal and romantic connections but the classic I Ching took its matured form around 2500 BCE. The interpretations of I Ching can be implemented to improve the present and restructure the future as the Matrix consisting of sixty four figures take into account both individual and collective span and depth of human society.
The expression “Tao” refers a ‘pathway’ which happens to be the ultimate reality of life and it is beyond human dictionary to describe Taoism in words and ahead of human rationality to comprehend its immensity. Taoism has evolved in the distinct three forms which include Philosophical, Religious and a bunch of beliefs that is known as Vitalising Taoism. Actionwise, all these three forms attempt to deal with energy (chi) in order to harness power (te) to foster success in an individual which is accomplished with the application of balanced food, right exercise, meditation and yoga. The essence of Taoism lies in the fact that it is an eternal quest for absolute self knowledge which when attained bring an all pervasive power over both animates and inanimates that propel actions done without application of violence, cruelty of compulsion.
Yet there is a marked differentiation between the Taoist philosophy and Taoist religion that invokes the dilemma as few Western scholars have analysed them as distinct while some find it similar. According to H. G. Creel, the philosophical and religious Taoism have proved to be conflating as he finds that the “immortality cult” was in dire need of a shelter of an already respected philosophy and it has been found that although Taoism was placed in high respect during the Han period yet there came multiple interpretations of Lao Tzu’s words which proved to be ambiguous. This caused misinterpretation by many who considered it as provocative. Conversely, Laurence Thompson opposes Creel by saying that Taoist religion and philosophy cannot be scanned as two distinct ‘animals’ and this idea actually demeans the ‘Chinese phenomena to intelligibility’. Henceforth, it might be opined that Taoism is a balanced blend of religion and philosophy.
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Concisely, Taoism can be considered as a living ideology for an individual, particularly an American because for centuries the Americans have remained oblivious to the truths of Chinese culture. These half learned Americans may be identified by the nature that they tend to publish large volumes of books and market them immaculately that defame Taoism, for instance, Benjamin Huff releasing a book named “The Tao of Pooh”. Hence, a truth about the latest 20th century America is that their knowledge about Taoism has no connection to real Taoism and it is sad that a large number of Americans are in delusion about the essence of Taoism which used to be an integral part of traditional China for more than twenty centuries (Kirkland, 1997).