Ethnicity: This is defined on the basis of common nationality and common culture. It relates to the cultural richness that comes from any country and or tribe. Ethnicity shares common traits, religious motivation and rituals, and past and present culture (Jacob and Bowles, 1988).
Discrimination: According to the International Human Rights Law, discrimination means unequal treatment to someone that result into harm. Discrimination can be at workplace, during any agreements, or in providing any facility. The common ground for discrimination are age, disability, ethnicity, gender, marital status, national origin, race, religion and sexual orientation (Banton, 1994).
Authoritarian Personality Theory: The theory suggests that the people who are of authoritarian personality tend to differentiate people on the basis of ‘us’, and ‘them’ groups. They are hostile to the people who comes from inferior background, however, they obediently listens to the people of high status (Levinson, Morrow and Adorno, 1950).
Culture Theory: This theory was developed to study the heuristic subjects of cultural orientation in operations or scientifically oriented works (Kaplan and Manners, 1972).
Conflict Theory: The theory states that as society is divided into various groups, they fight for common interests opposing other groups. The rationale behind the fight/conflict can be attainment of social or economic resources (Møller, 2003).
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Assimilation: It is a process by which minor group integrates with a dominant and large group in a socially and culturally acceptable manner. For example, small ethnic and racial groups settling with a new group in a new country (Gordon, 1964).
Segregation: It is the differentiation of humans based on ethnic and racial grounds, such as drinking water, admission in a particular college, entry into specific religious place, and others (Finkelman, 2009).
Genocide: It is termed as mass-murder or elimination of any specific ethnic or racial group in a systematic manner. It is done for cleansing any area from any specific ethnic or racial habitats (Schilling, 2002).
Social scientists have noted that Whites in America get privileges for being white whether they realize this fact or not (McIntosh, 2007). For example, white can drive fearlessly on the road in the night without any fear that they will be stopped by a police car, while this does not happen with other races.
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