- Scientific Management
- Elements of scientific management
- 1. Work-study-
- 2. Standardization-
- 3. Use of scientific methods in selection, placement, and training of employees-
- 4. Functional foremanship-
- 5. Mental revolution-
- Influence of scientific management on modern organizational design
- Relations of Scientific Management with other management models
- The strengths and weaknesses of scientific management and their impact on the company
Elements of scientific management
3. Use of scientific methods in the selection, placement, and training of employees-
4. Functional foremanship-
5. Mental revolution-
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Influence of scientific management on modern organizational design
This rational model of organization design is also used by Apple. This design has helped Apple in increasing its levels of production and maintaining its efficiencies (Heracleous, 2012). Hence, the company is able to reduce its time of production and cost levels. The concept of the assembly line is very popular in scientific management theory. Assemble line is a series of machines and workers by which the succession if identical items are assembled progressively. It is a great concept because it helps in efficiency and effectiveness. So, Apple follows this concept, and it has designed it’s assembled line for producing the products.
Relations of Scientific Management with other management models
• Relation of Scientific Management with Internal process model- The internal process model is based on the hierarchy in the company. Here, the emphasis is based on measurement, documentation and the management of the information (Weske, 2012). The internal process brings control and stability in the organizations. This is similar to the concepts of the scientific management theory because bureaucracy or hierarchy is suggested by the scientific management theory.
• Relation of Scientific Management with Open system model- The open system model is based on the organic system that emphasis adaptability, readiness, acquisition of resources and growth (Scott, 2015). The model helps in fostering innovation and creativity in the companies. This model is more related to the human relations model because it focuses on inspiring people rather than controlling them. So, this model is not much related to the scientific management theory.
The strengths and weaknesses of scientific management and their impact on the company
• This theory facilitates the concept of achieving specialization and emphasis on the division of labor. When the specialization is achieved, then the efficiency of the workers increases too because they become masters of their work and they do it in the best possible way. Also, the amount of wastages produced is reduced to a great extent.
• Scientific management helps the companies in replacing the rule of thumb and introducing the new and scientific methods. With new methods, innovation is fostered in the company; it is able to differentiate its products in the market. Apple has used this in differentiating its products in the market, and it has offered a completely new product by applying new and scientific methods of production.
• There are time and motion studies carried out in scientific management that help in eradicating the delays in doing work, the workers are saved from the bodily strains, the wastage gets eliminated. Thus, the efficiency of the workers in the company increase and they perform in a better way.
• In this theory, most of the things are standardized and fixed. So, the initiative of the people is not required, and it lacks here. They cannot decide anything on their own, and they cannot work as per their own will. Everything has to be followed by them. It can be handled by making people accountable for their work and giving them some scope of doing the work on their own.
• Due to functional foremanship, there is the possibility of autocratic control of the functional bosses on the employees. This is resisted by the people, and they feel dissatisfied due to it. This can be tackled by involving people in the decision-making of the company along with the foremen.
• The major weakness of this theory is that it lacks emphasis on human factors. The motivation, performance appraisal, expectations, involvement of people is not there in it so; the employees of the company are avoided. This can be overcome by combining scientific management with the human relation approach.
Bratton, J. and Gold, J., 2012. Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Heracleous, L. and Papachroni, A., 2012. Strategic leadership and innovation at Apple Inc. case study. Coventry: Warwick Business School.
Scott, W.R. and Davis, G.F., 2015. Organizations and organizing: Rational, natural and open systems perspectives. Routledge.
Shafritz, J.M., Ott, J.S. and Jang, Y.S., 2015. Classics of organization theory. Cengage Learning.
Thompson, C.B., 2012. Scientific management. Rarebooksclub Com.
Trujillo, T., 2014. The Modern Cult of Efficiency Intermediary Organizations and the New Scientific Management. Educational Policy, 28(2), pp.207-232.
Weske, M., 2012. Business process management architectures. In Business Process Management (pp. 333-371). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.