Select a Teaching/Learning theoretical approach as an overall guide for developing teaching/Learning strategies in the occupational therapy program of study and discuss.
TEACHING/LEARNING METHODS IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
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Occupational therapy teaching approaches:
The Four Quadrant Model (4QM) is an effective teaching-learning model used by occupational therapists for facilitating individuals to develop new skills on basis of their particular needs. According to Richter et al.(2017), 4QM can be used as a framework to select learning strategies for the learners , while developing new skills as it employs the principle of bottom-up approach.
Four Quadrant Model and learning strategies:
Use of imagery: Use of imagery is one of the simplest methods that helps individuals to learn new concepts easily and remember them (Carroll et al.2017). Demonstration is one of the key parts of the 4Q model. Use of imagery would help the learners to get clear idea on any new concept and memorize it easily.
Summarizing: To improve the physical and cognitive status, the occupational therapists emphasize on the learner’s ability to memorize the concepts. Summarizing the newly learned facts is a useful technique to comprehend the new knowledge (Radder et al.2017).Summarizing helps the students to identify important facts from a newly learned concept and realize the relationships among them. The process enhances memory of the learners and facilitates them to enhance the memory in their own way.
Pendleton, H. M., & Schultz-Krohn, W. (2017). Pedretti's Occupational Therapy-E-Book: Practice Skills for Physical Dysfunction. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Radder, D. L., Sturkenboom, I. H., van Nimwegen, M., Keus, S. H., Bloem, B. R., & de Vries, N. M. (2017). Physical therapy and occupational therapy in Parkinson's disease. International Journal of Neuroscience, 127(10), 930-943.
Richter, A., Barley, S., & Valdes, K. (2017). Validated Outcome Measures Used by Occupational Therapists for Clients With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(4_Supplement_1), 7111500048p1-7111500048p1.
Taylor, R. R. (2017). Kielhofner's Research in Occupational Therapy: Methods of Inquiry for Enhancing Practice. FA Davis.
(Source: Radder et al.2017,p-932)