Comparison and Contrast between Nepal and Australia


Ask yourself a lot of 'why' questions when thinking about your experiences.Why did I have this experience ? Why did I feel the same way ? Why do Australians behave this way ? What differences are there in my culture ? 

To address these questions and place them in Australia context ,you are expected to do some additional reading and research .You should use minimum of 2 academic sources for each 400 word reflection . However ,more widely you read about Australian culture and history,the richer your reflections will be.


Reflective writing


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The report discusses comparison and contrast between Nepal and Australia. There are lots of difference and equality in both countries in a different way.  Both countries have different history, lifestyle and culture, community, geographical location, per capita income, total areas,  development rate, Geographical diversity of environments, population size difference, occupations, governments, religions, languages, education level achievement, trades, foods, games, currency, and history of both countries. consider all aspect of comparison, there is a considerable difference in routine lifestyle, history and a current position of both country withstand on the world map.


First, the geographic location of both country, Nepal situated at 84°E and 28°N whereas Australia situated at 35°S and149° E, so both countries have geographic inequality. There is no common line passed between two countries.  The atmospherical condition of both countries are differed such as Nepal have lowlands, Hills, Mountains and Ecotourism whereas Australia has Great Barrier Reef, Bush, Desert, Outback, Coastal Waterways etc. Australia's environments differ from the Nepal environments because they have mostly inland or on the coast.  Nepal's environments differ from the Australian environment because they are not all flat surfaces and flat areas.  Australia is a continent and Nation itself, whereas Nepal is small nation compare to a total square area of Australia. The total population of Nepal around 28000000, area around 157,181 ?km?^2 and density was 210 ppl per ?km?^2 whereas Australia nation has total population around 23 605890 million, area around 7568410 ??km?^2?^3 ppl per?km?^2.  The Nepal population is larger than Australia's population but Australian has the larger size of land compared to Nepal land. The area density of both countries is different.  The life expectation i.e. average human life of the Nepal people is 68 years whereas for Australian people average life expectancy is around 83 years.  The life expectancy of both countries is a difference because life expectation of Australian living is more than Nepal people. (LorraineDowler, 2006)
There is an economic difference between both countries that can be defined through per capita income of both countries. For Australia per Capital income $57.98 whereas Nepal population have 70% employees and 35% employers are providing a tax to the government.   There is a difference in per capita income in both countries because both counties have a different source for earning and different opportunities to develop income.  Australian people earn from mining technique and industries, engineering tools and technology, small, large and multinational businesses, a large group of government organization, councils, large education institute, domestics and international businesses.

This difference occurs because of different points such as methodology and difference in both governments.   Both governments have different tactics and useful source in order to manage counties.  

Nepal has only one Federal government whereas Australia Democracy separate with three stages such as Federal, State, and Local level.  There is similarity of both government because they both have a federal government.  A difference in indigenous people such as Nepal has Chapang people, Lohorung people, Rai people and Limbu People whereas Australia has Aborigines and Torres straight islanders’ people. A difference in indigenous of both countries because they both have a different culture and different rules for individual tribes.   The people live in Nepal have a different religion and different person can obey religion as per suitability. Majority in Nepal is Hindus around 84%, remaining are 10.5% Buddhist, 4.5% Muslim, 3.5% Kirant, 0.5 % Boin and 0.5 % Christian.   In Australia, a majority of people have Romon catholic around 25 to 30%, other 18.5% Christian, 17% Anglican, 3% Buddhism, 2.5 % Islam or Muslim.  
Both have language difference, Nepal people have Nepali, Newar, Tharu and Guru Language. Whereas Australia has first language English and people around 80 to 85% use the English language for communication.  Education level in Australia is around 75% completed high schools or equivalent study.  Whereas in Nepal literacy level of both gender difference.  55% female and 75% male are completed primarily to tertiary level of studies.  Both counties have a different level of education and both have a different system for teaching and learning program. (Niles, 2005)
Compare business and product export and import: Nepal export plastic products, iron pipes, Knotted carpet and flavored water and imported refined petroleum, knit women suit, and men's suit.  Australia export gold, iron, petroleum gas and cattle, imported cars, automobile vehicles, canned foods etc. Variation in cultural food also. Nepali's national food is Dal, rice, and vegetable whereas for Australian citizen likes to have Meat pies, Emu, Damper and Lamingtons.   The Australian country well known for many sports event and local people likes to watch and play games. They like to play cricket, Surfing, swimming, rugby and many more indoor and outdoor games. The big base league is one of most popular cricket game in Australia In Nepal, Most popular game is Football but people also like to play cricket and watch as an entertainment medium.


LorraineDowler, G. P. (2006). The role of community involvement and number/type of visitors on tourism impacts: A controlled comparison of Annapurna, Nepal and Northwest Yunnan, China. Elsevier , 1373-1385.
Niles, F. (2005). Cultural differences in learning motivation and learning strategies: A comparison of overseas and Australian students at an Australian university. Elseview , 369-385.

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