1. Read the research paper entitled “Major Causes of Software Project Failures”. The paper is attached with the assignment.
2. Write a report presenting how you map the failure causes with those described in the paper, add new ones from the paper if needed. Your report should include an Introduction and a Conclusion sections.
Project Failure Analysis
Another important reason for the project failure is the inability of the project managers and the project stakeholders to come with the proper project requirements. One of the reasons behind the incomplete project requirements is the failure to understand what exactly is required at the end of the project (Kamata and Tamai, 2007). In such cases, it becomes mandatory that the project stakeholders allow some flexibility in terms of project duration and budget. This allows some room if any project requirement comes in the way. Moreover, to ensure that the requirements are met, the consideration of the phase wise project completion should be there. In the case of BSkyB, the requirements challenges were in existence. The scope defined in the initial period of the project was not proper enough which eventually led to the stakeholder conflict.
Considering the above reason of stakeholder conflict based on the improper scope clarification, the inclusion of another reason of failure can be brought into the picture which is failure to effectively communicate with the each of the stakeholders. The lack of communication from the beginning of the project usually converts into projects that are not required by the end users when it completes and sponsors end up not paying for the same (Barker and Frolick, 2003). Generally, such cases end up in courts. In case of BSkyB, almost similar has happened. The project developers failed to communicate effectively with the stakeholders from the initial stage – project scope identification – of the project development and which resulted in the poor project results that were not acceptable to the project stakeholders.
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One of the project failure reasons that has been identified in the BSkyB but not in the provided article – Major Causes of Software Project Failures – is the poor contract management. The BSkyB project was based on fixed time and material contract. However, as the project progressed ahead, due to some uncalled for situations, the extension in the project budget and duration become necessary which was not allowed by the project duration. This led to the conflicting situation. The project contractors should have made flexible contracts if there was any assumption that the project may move beyond the defined budget and duration (Mansfield et al, 1994).
Kamata, M. I., & Tamai, T. (2007, October). How does requirements quality relate to project success or failure?. In 15th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE 2007) (pp. 69-78). IEEE.
Barker, T., & Frolick, M. N. (2003). ERP implementation failure: A case study. Information systems management, 20(4), 43-49.
Kerzner, H. R. (2013). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.
Mansfield, N. R., Ugwu, O. O., & Doran, T. (1994). Causes of delay and cost overruns in Nigerian construction projects. International journal of project Management, 12(4), 254-260.