Biometrics (in terms of ethical and privacy issues)
Biometrics assures identification of individuals at a very high level of accuracy and is used in high-security areas such as banks, institutes, important government organizations and various airports.
The biometric technology is clearly making rapid technical advances. The first thing to be discussed here is technical limits. One cannot safely assume that the technical limitations of biometric identification protect our privacy today.
Moreover, even if the “technical limitations” argument were sound(Alterman, 2003)., there are reasons to think that this only creates different kinds of privacy concerns. For example, Veristar requires a 7-digit code "to empower prompt location of your biometric ID" on the off chance that a Smart Touch fails. The company recommends using your telephone number as the code.
This minimizes the overhead for the Veristar user and its customers in dealing with forgotten codes. It is anything but secure, however. In the event that I know you have enlisted with Smart touch, and I either know your telephone number, then I can present myself as you, and when my scan fails, offer your phone number to verify my identity. Presumably, I can then charge my purchase to your credit card. No doubt a responsible establishment would require some additional verification, but it is clear that given the technical limitations, the biometric id offers more an illusion than the reality of security. (Alterman, 2003).
In different cases, existing laws directing biometric information utilization, stockpiling and collection are very vague. Tending to the issues of potential misuse and its effect on protection through careful – or more all – early institutionalization and control guarantees socially innocuous and fruitful usage on a national and worldwide level. (Jain & Nandakumar, 2012) This is best accentuated by the Electronic Privacy Data Center, which states: "Regularly the issue is that intrusive observation advancements are taken off before the arrangement discuss concerning the rules for the utilization of these frameworks."
A unique understanding of the present constraints and ideas of existing laws can help to ensure complete security. More extensive ethical execution of biometric system is conceivable, but there should be trust among public. It is just conceivable if proper audits and/or changes to National Privacy Acts are done. Right now, it can be inferred that the main hindrance to appropriate security assurance inside the biometric domain is the definition of individual data (Faundez-Zanuy, 2005). Biometric information is taken from people's physiological qualities which are unique and personal. Nations, for example, Australia and the U.S. need to change their current protection laws. In U.S., there is developing worry that biometrics give a misguided sensation that all is well and good while the Patriot Act has expanded nation’s doubt of government (Alterman, 2003). The slightest rupture of protection or infringement of individual freedom could easily prevent acceptance of biometric system among people. This would be a big disadvantage given the benefits that biometric system provides. Threats to protection are identified with how biometrics is utilized and which properties are gathered. Therefore, particular government acts must be defined with a guarantee that the information that is gathered is restricted to that predetermined – so that, for example, fingerprints are not taken when just an individual's hand geometry is required. Also, this information must be lawfully ensured (Faundez-Zanuy, 2005). Just by executing the previously stated changes and measures society can appreciate the advantages of biometrics with no enhancement of common freedoms and individual security.
Here are some conclusions. (1) There should be no mandatory biometric imaging for important social privileges like obtaining a driver's license or credit card (2) The exchange or sale of biometric ids should be closely regulated. (3) Except in the case of major criminal offenses (e.g., murder, rape, or kidnapping), courts should not have the power to subpoena or use biometric information that is not publicly available. (4) There should be severe penalties for theft or unauthorized use of biometric data, and for negligence in protecting its security.
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Faundez-Zanuy, M. (2005). Privacy issues on biometric systems. IEEE Aerospace And Electronic Systems Magazine, 20(2), 13-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/maes.2005.1397143 [This is a journal citation]
Alterman, A. (2003). ``A piece of yourself'': Ethical issues in biometric identification. Ethics And Information Technology, 5(3), 139-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:etin.0000006918.22060.1f [This is a journal citation]