SpaceX Aerospace Company

 

SpaceX Aerospace Company and discuss about the hot topics of the innovations going on in the company.

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This paper deals with a case study on SpaceX Aerospace Company and gives information on the hot topics of the innovations going on in the company. The paper further gives insights into the new innovative technology so as to provide a competitive advantage to the company. The study discusses a design regarding the innovation, user involvement, fast integration discussing cost, time and resource and finally the prototyping and testing capabilities of the suggested innovation technology. Finally the paper also considers the upcoming innovations that can give competition to the suggested innovation.

1.    Introduction

SpaceX Aerospace Company, the private organization, founded in 2002, is an American space transport services and aerospace manufacturer company having headquarters in Hawthorne, California, USA. This company is owned by management and its employees having monitory investment from the Draper Fisher Jurvetson, Founders Fund, and Valor Equity Partners. The company employs over 1250 employees in Florida, Texas, and California.
Founded: June 2002
Founder: Elon Musk
CEO: Elon Musk
Headquarters: Hawthorne, California, United States

1.    Falcon 9:

It is a two-stage rocket that is designed as well as manufactured by SpaceX. It serves the purpose of being a safe and reliable transport of the satellites along with the Dragon spacecraft into the orbit. Similar to the first rocket which was fully developed in the 21st century, Falcon 9 was also designed from the ground up so as to achieve maximum reliability. The easy two-stage configuration of Falcon 9 minimizes the total number of separation events. With the help of nine first-stage engines, the rocket can easily and safely complete its mission in the case of engine shutdown. In 2012, Falcon 9 made history when it helped to deliver Dragon into the right orbit which helped SpaceX Aerospace company to visit the international space station. The Dragon spacecraft along with Falcon 9 is designed for delivering humans into space and the company along with NASA is working towards achieving the goal.

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2.    Falcon Heavy:

Falcon Heavy is considered to be the most powerful operational rocket in the whole world. It has the ability to lift into the orbit over 119,000 lb (54 metric tons) - and has a mass equal to 737 jetliners which are loaded along with the crew, passengers, luggage and fuel. It has the capacity to live over the twice payload of Delta IV, the closest operational vehicle at one-third of the cost. It draws upon itself the reliability and heritage of Falcon 9. The first stage of Falcon Heavy is composed of three Falcon 9 engine cores where the total of 27 of Merlin engines together is equal to the eighteen 747 aircraft. The only rocket to deliver more payload to the orbit was Saturn V moon rocket which was last flown in 1973. This rocket was designed to carry the human being into space and to restore the probability of flying with the crew to Mars or Moon. Falcon Heavy is considered to be having more than 5 million pounds of the thrust at the liftoff and as the most capable rocket flying.

3.    Dragon:

It is a free-flying spacecraft which is designed so as to deliver people as well as cargo to the orbiting destinations. It was considered as the first commercial spacecraft in history for delivering cargo to the space station and then safely returned to the cargo to Earth. This feat was initially achieved only by the government. It is also considered for being the spacecraft that is capable of returning a noteworthy quantity of cargo to Earth. It was designed only for carrying humans but currently is used for carrying cargo the outer space. The company, under an agreement with NASA, is developing various refinements for enabling Dragon to fly the crew. The first manned test flight of Dragon is expected in the coming two to three years. A spacecraft can accommodate a pressurized cargo in its capsule along with an unpressurized cargo in its trunk. The racks in the spacecraft have a honeycomb-like structure where the carbon-aluminum construction is designed for providing an efficient packing in an environment with zero-gravity. 

1.2 An idea for an innovative product or service based on the goals and portfolio management for the organization

The conventional spacecraft only have the ability to put astronauts into their desired orbit, but it can only help the astronauts can travel farther distances between stars and planets, but they are likely to run out of fuel. Therefore, the company can work on developing alternative methods for energy sources and propulsion for the rockets. The company can, therefore, come up with the promising idea of equipping starships along with giant sails that can capture solar energy and eventually can use it propulsion. This can be achieved efficiently as light is composed of tiny and extremely energetic particles which are known as photons. These particles have the ability to behave like atomic particles. On striking the light on the mirror-like surface, the photons have the tendency of reflecting straight back. During the whole process, the photons are then able to transmit their momentum to the surface by pushing it forward. 
One of the greatest advantages of having a solar sail is not similar to the rocket engine and it would cause a spacecraft to accelerate in a continuous and steady manner in such a manner that the craft easily reaches an extremely high rate of speed. The only drawback of the solar sail would be that in order to provide sufficient force for propelling the spacecraft to be in the forward direction, this sail is going to be a hundred times larger than the spacecraft. 

1.3 How your innovation will be streamlined with the organizations' current capabilities

Eon Musk and his company have an objective of trimming the cost of the launch vehicle by trillions of dollars and therefore is focusing on the high technological innovations that can be allowed at every stage of vehicle deployment that can be reused and salvaged. This can help to make the trip of these spacecraft in an affordable manner. NASA has handed over its main aspects to various private enterprises and this has led to doubt in the progress of space exploration. Therefore, SpaceX can use these directions for proving that the same work can be done in a cheaper manner and at the same time at the faster speed by using these technologies. This can help to supply power for running the sensors, cooling, telemetry, and active heating. Further, it further provides spacecraft propulsion which is also known as solar-electric propulsion.

2. Discussion

2.1 Design thinking about your innovation- include a diagram depicting the innovation

2.2 User Involvement

Solar energy can help in increasing the cost-effectiveness and therefore results in the reduction of the technology prices and innovative financing. Using solar power can lead to lower costs and therefore greater availability of the energy storage technologies and can help in lowering the prices of fuels and providing electricity at higher rates during the times of peak demand.  Further, the distance between the planets and the millions of stars can be covered efficiently and even at higher rates as compared to the fuel-using space crafts. These expansive sails can help to achieve the target set by the fast-moving space-dust, therefore, these sails must be built with self-sealing material or from puncture-resistant material.

2.3    Fast integration- time, costs, resources

The cost of launching a solar-based rocket into space is large and therefore the integration might take some time. Inaccessibility: the company has pioneered the maintenance of a fuel-based rocket, but the maintenance of a solar-power based rocket would have to do telerobotically. Additionally, the cost working on the orbit is exposed to hazardous dangers from high radiations and therefore the risks, as well as the cost, are about thousand times higher when the similar task is performed telerobotically. Further, the space environment being hostile can degrade solar power based rockets. Further, the space-based solar powers have already been termed as a potential source of orbital debris. Further, the CEO and founder of the company Elon Musk has already stated that there is a high possibility of the losses of energy taking place during the phases of conversion from the photo the electron and back again from electron to the photon. 

2.4    Prototyping and testing capabilities

The company can pride itself on building one-off units present in any of its products and product areas. The company needs to have an ability for documenting the development so as to process and improve the product. The product must be fully tested as well as documented.  The key aspects of the development of a prototype must be similar to the aspects mentioned below:
1.    Building and testing of prototypes
2.    Procurement, fabrication and implementation tools
3.    Testing plans like qualification and acceptance
4.    Processing of the improvement studies
5.    Designing and drawing packages
6.    System integration and the final test
2.5    Cross-functional management
The primary responsibilities of the management are ensuring that the cross-functional team should be fully supported by the key stakeholders in the organization. The project must be supported by everyone, and the objective of the team should be given priority and the time, cost and resources must be given primary objective.    
High-level support, the lower manager, and the senior managers can also ensure that the workers in the organization and help them to understand the primary objective of the company so as to put in the big picture. The relationship between all the functional departments and the cross-functional team should be very dynamic and should evolve and change now and then to promote spontaneity to the project. Hence, it is very important to monitor all the relationships and all the priorities on a regular basis.

3.Conclusion

Future innovations that might affect the innovative idea
1.    In the course of recent decades, the solar industry has gotten significantly more productive and savvy at making sun based cells. They cut silicon more slender in manner; their panels are also made of non-silicon materials. They've advanced their processing plants and supply chains. However, there's still a great deal of advancement to be made, which is energizing in itself. One potential enormous achievement is the utilization of optical furnaces to warm up the silicon substrate with which the board is made. This could decrease the measure of the energy required considerably, which would make the prices of the panels very cheaper and can also help in reduction of manufacturing of footprints. 
2.    With the help of robotics technology, the work can be performed in an efficient manner and also with a high level of precision. Therefore, the preparation of the massive solar power based spacecraft can do within hours and with lower costs and even faster and efficiently as compared to the human-made technology. The robots can further help in the maintenance of the spacecraft without any issues.

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