Part 1: Annotated Bibliography (600 words)
Part 2: Justification for your choice of sources (700 words)
Part 3: Recommendations for clinical practice (200 words)
1. Read the case study which is in the Assessment 2 folder in the L@G site.
2. Now read the sources in the Reference List and select three (3) journal articles that you will use for the annotated bibliography section of your assignment. Select the journal articles that you think relate the most to the clinical condition presented in the case study.
RESEARCH IN NURSING
PART 1: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
Murray, M. D., Tu, W., Wu, J., Morrow, D., Smith, F.&Brater, D. C. (2009). Factorsassociatedwithexacerbationofheartfailureincludetreatmentadherence and healthliteracyskills.Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 85, 651-658.
In the above-mentioned study, randomized controlled trials were used and the total population for the selected study is 1324. However, among this population selected sample were 192. This study was conducted at Wishadhealth services. Herein, with an aim to collect the data for the study for primary and secondary methods were taken into consideration. In this regard, secondary data was collected through Regenstrief Medical Records System with an aim to identify clinically stable patients from the medical practices which are internal. Here, those patients were included who was diagnosed with health failure. In terms of study design, interviews were conducted for an about 6-12 months.
However, for the purpose to analyse data t-test and Chi-Square was applied in which comparison was carried out between those patients who had an emergency visit in hospital and patients who did not had emergency visit in hospital.
Refill adherence of less than 40% was related with the high incidence of hospitalization of the heart failure. As per multivariate analysis, reading skill related with prescription label was associated with the lower incidences related to heart failure.
The study concludes that the main factors in relation to exacerbation of heart failure are health literacy and inadequate treatment adherence.
Sagar, V. A., Davies, E. J., Briscoe, S., Coates, A. J. S.,Dalal, H. M., Lough, F., … Taylor, R. S. (2015). Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart, 2, 1-12.
This study was conducted on 106 patients who were randomly selected. These selected patients were followed up by nurse led heart failure clinic or to the usual care. The main aim behind this study is to evaluate the effect of follow up at the nurse led heart failure clinic on self care behaviour, morbidity and mortality.This study was conducted upon patients who hospitalised due to heart failure and discharged from hospital after 12 months.
PART 2: JUSTIFICATION OF THE CHOICE OF SOURCES
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Further, the case depict that Charlie is overweight and he is too old. Thus, in the age of 75 human should be balanced body mass index. However, if people will not take care about themselves then in the given situation they will be affected with the condition like heart failure. Here, the second study is related to exercise based rehabilitation for heart failure. Thus, their major advantage is that with the use of it Charlie can analyse the importance for doing exercise with an aim to reduce the risk of heart failure in an effective way.
Besides this, in the third source major emphases is given upon the services which are being provided by nurse after discharge from hospital. Thus, with the help of given study role of nurse’s services in improving the clinical condition of Charlie will be carried out. Thus, these all are being regarded as the major strength of the conducted studies. From this it can also be concluded that the research as being conducted by all the authors are of high quality. This is because, these all are giving an appropriate answer to the questions which are associated with the heart failure in an effectual way. Thus, if these all will be applied in the practices at that time significant improvement in the health condition of patients like Charlie can be carried out.
The study which was conducted by Murray and et.al (2009) depict that it is the responsibility of hospital that it should provide health literacy to the patients like Charlie. Here, the hospitals should also adhere to the inadequate treatments which are provided in hospital. In addition to this, the study of Sagar and et.al (2015) entails that the quality of health can be improved with regular exercise. Thus, from this it can be said that by doing small and simple exercise on regular basis Charlie can reduce its weight which is a major reason behind heart failure. Here, it is through this way Charlie can make improvement in its medical condition in an effectual manner.
Besides this, Stromberg and et.al (2003) depict that the nurses who are treating Charlie should properly review its clinical condition. Herein, they should encourage self carebehavioramong Charlie. Further, they should also make effort in terms of helping Charlie in the process of reducing his weight. Through this way, significant improvement in the condition of Charlie will be carried out.
PART 3: RECOMMENDATION FOR CLINICAL PRACTICES
Brown, D., Edwards, H. & Buckley, T. (2017). Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Gerhard-Herman, M. D. and et.al.(2017). 2016 AHA/ACC guideline on the management of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation, 135(12), e686-e725.
Inglis, S. C. and et.al.(2017). Structured telephone support or non-invasive telemonitoring for patients with heart failure.
Komajda, M. and et.al.(2017). Physicians' guideline adherence is associated with better prognosis in outpatients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: the QUALIFY international registry. European journal of heart failure, 19(11), 1414-1423.
Nishimura, R. A. and et.al.(2017). 2017 AHA/ACC focused update of the 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation, 135(25), e1159-e1195.
Sanz-Ruiz, R. and et.al.(2017). Rationale and Design of a Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Intracoronary Infusion of Allogeneic Human Cardiac Stem Cells in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction and Left Ventricular DysfunctionNovelty and Significance: The Randomized Multicenter Double-Blind Controlled CAREMI Trial (Cardiac Stem Cells in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction). Circulation research, 121(1), 71-80.
Yancy, C. W. and et.al.(2017). 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA focused update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of heart failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. Journal of cardiac failure, 23(8), 628-651.