1) Gross domestic products
2) Primary Prevention
3) Secondary Prevention
4) Tertiary prevention
5) Universal Healthcare Program
6) Public Plan option
7) Consumer oriented and operated plan
8) National response framework
9) Social security Act of 1935
10) Charitable care or bad debt
12) Epidemiology triangle
13) Community Preparedness
HEALTHCARE POLICIES AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
Terms and their explanations:
1)Gross domestic products-
This term refers to the services and goods that are manufactures and provided to the consumers within a span of one year. The employment in the healthcare sector and especially in the field of occupational therapy accounts for about 8% of the entire population and hence the contribution to the GDP of the country is also significant (Fuchs, 2013)
The primary prevention refers to the preventive measures that are adopted before the occurrence of the infection or the disease in the individuals. The occupational therapists are responsible for handling the patients suffering from infectious diseases and in the process, may contract the infections themselves (Scaffa & Reitz, 2013). In order to prevent such occurrences, the barrier methods like the usage of gloves and masks are used among the occupational therapists, which reduce the chances of contracting infections significantly.
This refers to the reduction of the impact or the effects of the disease after its occurrence or infection in the individuals, which helps the individuals to cope up with the situations better. The preventive measures are adopted soon after the occurrence of infections, as fast as possible, so the best possible containment and prevention can be provided to the individuals. The occupational therapists are regularly assessed with the help of screening tests for the disease, in order to ensure that the microbes are not infecting them (Knapp, Iemmi & Romeo, 2013).
This term refers to the preventive measures, which helps in the rehabilitation of the patients and helps them recuperate with the health conditions, even after the disease has been cured but the effects still remains in the body. The occupational therapists usually render this to the patients after the occurrence of stroke or such other disability diseases (Voigt-Radloff et al., 2015)
5)Universal Healthcare Program-
This refers to the program or the scheme under which all the citizens of a particular country are covered under the clauses of health insurance and are provided financial aids and access to healthcare facilities, on behalf of the government. The occupational health therapists are allowed the access to medical facilities free of cost and are given all the benefits for the screening tests and similar such tests, to be carried out in regular intervals, on behalf of the government itself.
6)Public Plan option-
This refers to the initiative adopted by the government of United States wherein a government-run insurance body was proposed to be set up, in order to cater to the needs and requirements of the citizens of USA. The occupational therapists and the other individuals would be provided health-care insurances, which would be as beneficial as any other private insurance schemes and would help in meeting the expenses of the treatments at the government hospitals in a better way.
7)Consumer oriented and operated plan-
This is a clause of the Affordable Care Act, wherein the health insurances are developed in a non-profit basis, in order to meet the requirements of the buyers of the plan and the healthcare facilities are provided to them as per their needs and the different sum assures they apply for. The occupational therapists need to study the details of the insurance plans that cover for the expenses of the patients and plan for the treatments in a similar fashion (Hildenbrand & Lamb, 2013).
8)National response framework-
This is the response plan which guides the actions and activities of all the government-owned organizations in the face of emergency. The occupational therapists have an important role to play in case of disease-related emergencies. They are responsible for preventing the individuals from being infected, containing the spread of the infections and treating the already-infected individuals with proper care and attention.
9)Social security Act of 1935-
This act governs the kind of treatment and facilities that the old, blind, disabled people and the children are supposed to be subjected to in the healthcare concerns. The occupational therapists have to take extra care for the children and the special case patients that are admitted under their aegis (Checkoway, 2013). The patients are not discriminated and are protected from exploitation as far as possible.
10)Charitable care or bad debt-
Charitable care is the treatment that is imparted to the patients regardless of their ability to pay for the facilities or not. This is a way to ensure that the poor people are able to avail the proper medical attention despite their financial instability. The bad debt is a condition when the patients deny paying the amounts even though they are financially capable for paying. The occupational therapists have to possess the adequate knowledge of the laws that governs the treatment and the collection of the money from the patients, who are under the condition of bad debt.
This is the improper use of the microbes and the biological specimens for causing havoc in the countries. Boterrorism is mainly used for destabilizing the economic conditions of the country and for depleting the resources (Shi & Singh, 2014). The occupational therapists have to adopt such preventive measures that help in the containment of the infections and less loss of life and property.
This is the study of the external agents and the environment that are responsible for causing the disease. The occupational therapists need to understand the relation between the components of the epidemiology triangle and minimize their interaction that reduces the chances of occurrence of the disease.
This is the readiness of the community to counteract any infection or medical mishap. The occupational therapists play a role in the community preparedness by hosting awareness programs and educating the people to avid the contraction of infection from external sources (Bohnsack & Hawig, 2013).
Fuchs, V. R. (2013). The gross domestic product and health care spending. New England Journal of Medicine, 369(2), 107-109.
Scaffa, M. E., & Reitz, S. M. (2013). Occupational therapy community-based practice settings. FA Davis.
Knapp, M., Iemmi, V., & Romeo, R. (2013). Dementia care costs and outcomes: a systematic review. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 28(6), 551-561.
Voigt-Radloff, S., Ruf, G., Vogel, A., Van Nes, F., & Hüll, M. (2015). Occupational therapy for elderly. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 48(1), 52-72.
Hildenbrand, W. C., & Lamb, A. J. (2013). Occupational therapy in prevention and wellness: Retaining relevance in a new health care world. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67(3), 266-271.
Checkoway, B. (Ed.). (2013). Citizens and health care: Participation and planning for social change. Elsevier.
Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2014). Delivering health care in America. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Bohnsack, J., & Hawig, S. (2013). Choosing the right strategy for point-of-service collections. Healthcare Registration, 22, 1-12.