Write the critiques of psychological perspectives in the treatment of specific behaviours, states of conciousness and emotional states associated with OCD.
The given case study is about women Diana who is suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder from last 26 years. She finally came out from her disease by putting various efforts. In this paper, we will study the effectiveness and strengths or weaknesses of treatment taken by Diana to come out of the disease. She mainly takes help of a psychiatrist. He suggested meditation and utilize cognitive behavioral therapy to treat her in an efficient manner. After taking the therapy, she is able to sleep well. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a serious mental disorder disease in which people feel the requirement to check things repeatedly (Goodman, 2014).
Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Model
Cognitive behavioral model is considered as an efficient psychosocial intervention which is broadly utilized for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder. It utilizes different systematic strategies to implement change. This will enable it to treat its patient in an efficient manner. Cognitive model mainly utilizes structural assessments to identify patient conditions, guide treatment planning, a measure severity of illness. This will help the therapist to establish how problem thoughts, symptoms, and behaviors are linked to the patient. With this, the therapist can provide the suitable treatment as required by the condition of the patient. This will also help the therapist in determining which thoughts, behaviors, and symptoms should become the prior target of treatment. By utilizing cognitive behavioral model, the therapist formulates treatment strategies which are efficiently implemented to recognize targeted specific episodes of problematic and distress behaviors and thoughts. The cognitive behavioral model suggests that thoughts of obsession are normal, but the person who faces automatic secondary thoughts may bring anxiety and negatively influence their health. With the help of the cognitive behavioral model, these thoughts are hypothesized to show beliefs and dysfunctional assumptions. Thus it can be said that cognitive behavior plays a vital role in the treatment of mental disorder patient.
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Strengths and Weaknesses of Cognitive Behavioral Model
Cognitive behavioral model is an efficient therapy for treatment of mental disorder patient. But it has its own strengths and weaknesses which make it different from the other available therapies. Strengths and Weaknesses of cognitive behavioral model are following:
• It is collaborative in nature which fosters the treatment of OCD people in an efficient manner.
• CBT enables the therapist to perform more independent effort to understand the root causes of disease.
• It involves less reliance than the other OCD treatment therapy.
• It is an ongoing therapy which provides utilization of more directive skills to treat the patient (Leichsenring, 2013).
• Treatment provided by the CBT is its own.
• It is very beneficial for the recent onset and specified goals and issues.
• The foremost weakness of CBT is that fewer people prefer this. All this happened because it is very costly and fewer people able to afford it.
• It is disliked by the most patient because they feel that it played more with their emotions.
• It mainly focuses on positive thinking and avoids negative thinking which brings harmful consequences for human beings.
• It mainly downplays with emotions of the patient by overemphasizing the thought-oriented and logical components of their mental life.
In spite of various weaknesses, it is mostly preferred by the patient because it helps them came out of the disease in an efficient manner.
Different Treatment Perspectives for OCD
OCD can be treated in different manners. Apart from cognitive behavioral therapy there are following therapies which play an important role in treating OCD patient:
Medically Assisted OCD Therapy
It is considered the most effective meditation therapy to treat OCD patient. It includes citalopram, paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline, and fluvoxamine. It has pleasant effects which give the feeling of relaxation to the patient (Hofmann, 2012).
It is utilized to alleviate different signs of OCD in the patient who does not respond to behavioral therapy and medications. It is an efficient therapy to treat OCD patient.
Apart from all these, the suffering patient can also take help from various inpatient and residual OCD treatment centers. These centers provide efficient residential and hospital care services to the patient so that they can give them a feeling of comfort.
After studying all this, it can be said that cognitive behavioral model plays a significant role in the treatment of OCD suffering patient. It gives the environment and feeling of comfort to its patient through which they consider himself as the part of their organization (Grant, 2014). They are able to share their positive and negative emotions with the therapist who ultimately reduces the anxiety level of the patient. Diana takes high efforts to the treatment of her disease, and ultimately she win the battle with the disease. So, it can be said that cognitive behavioral model is an effective source for OCD suffering patient.
Goodman, W. K., Grice, D. E., Lapidus, K. A., & Coffey, B. J. (2014). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 37(3), 257-267.
Grant, J. E. (2014). Obsessive–compulsive disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(7), 646-653.
Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I. J., Sawyer, A. T., & Fang, A. (2012). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and research, 36(5), 427-440.
Leichsenring, F., Salzer, S., Beutel, M. E., Herpertz, S., Hiller, W., Hoyer, J., ... & Ritter, V. (2013). Psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy in social anxiety disorder: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry.