Challenges to health and wellbeing at various stages

Write a Reflective Essay on Developmental psychology.
Purpose of this reflective essay is to demonstrate the understanding of two developmental theories in relation to significant developmental events in the adult life of the student.


Childhood development which includes infancy, adolescence and adulthood produced during the stages of the development of the life of new needs and stress, which if not dealt properly can also lead to dysfunctional personality styles and adulthood relationships. Being a social psychologist who is interested in researching high-risk business and criminals, I was especially inspired by finding out about the impact of each phase of the development of identity styles. Research and material on the standards of development including the theory of attachment have given a reasonable hypothetical base to the forming an idea or concept of personality disorder. Most law enforcement authorities are especially executed in the line of obligation by people with social personality disorder. In this manner, understanding the progress of personality disorder benefits the social science and crime.  (Staudinger, 2001)
Some of the key objectives in the present literature review are: 
(A) To examine the impact of the initial stages of development on a mutual relationship during the lifetime of a person, 
(B) To focus on the stable change of a person for family environmental and social concerns and to enhance the dependency on interpersonal relationships and develop their own character,

Challenges to health and wellbeing at various stages of the lifespan.

Within the developmental psychology field, an open discussion amongst nature and nurture frequently comes in the method for looking at factors, for example, Personality. Various experts trust that nature or science (biological qualities) decides the behaviour of a man in his whole life, experts on the opposite side of the discussion trust that we are an item of our nature. There is a third contention in the field that we are a result of the combination of nurture and nature. The development of a man at all levels isn't restricted to a specific factor. The idea is the start of the life of interpersonal interaction and there is an adjustment between a person, their family and environment. Each developmental stage used to represent pressure and change, which directly affects social relations and personal connections. The foundation of early relationships is such that one person will later attract others to join social life in life. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015)

Erik Erikson's theory

Erik Erikson recommended that since birth to death, a man used to go through a total of eight stages of psychosocial development. The psychosocial term originates from the word mental or mind identified with the brain and identity and social or more extensive condition. Infrequently it is reached out to level biopsychosocial, in which science of life is included.
When I left my home to come here in Australia, there is a significant effect of these 8 stages of psychological development in my personality as well as growth. As per Erickson, every stage is marked by conflict, and are successfully addressed to and get positive outcomes to evacuate it. To be effective, a man needs to solve every emergency by getting a healthy harmony between two contradicting specialists.  (Munley P. H., 1977)
As indicated by Erickson, our psychosocial development is not accurate nor permanent. To be fruitful, a man needs to illuminate every emergency by getting a sound harmony between two contradicting therapists. Every staged is marked with conflict, if successfully addressed and get a positive outcome. To be successful, a man needs to understand each crisis by getting a strong concordance between two negating temperaments. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). 
The crisis may need to confront the initial crisis throughout everyday life, by and by the emergency can be conceived once more.  it can clarify the savage hoodlums whose pre-rough history or offenders have been restored despite egregious wrongdoings. This implies we ought not to be complacent or we can plan to transform others. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015) 
Unintentional incidents in my life after leaving for Australia, are implicit in interpersonal relationships. To adjust and adapt social environmental changes, insights into someone's own behaviour is essential. The personality of a person is defined by Interpersonal Relationship. Therefore, human emotional and physical development relies upon the cooperation between the individual and their social environment. (Munley P. H., 1975)

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Attachment Theory

Stages of development of childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood, especially new incidents, are not successfully treated, which can contribute to inefficient interpersonal relationships in adulthood. During a stressful situation, the attachment between children and parents as a proximity attachment. Parents who are familiarized and aware of the requirements and desires of their kids and used to promote a safe environment. This environment also helps the child to develop healthy emotional, social and secure attachments. The relationship between Parent & Child express those sources, one of which draws for future behaviour of a social and interpersonal relationship. The research in the field of attachment reveals that this is particularly a matter of control with adult and peer, morals and high passionate working. Anyhow, there is a distinction in the phases of development of a man's life expectancy affected by guardians. (Bretherton, 1992)
Some more theories are: 
Self-Psychology Theory: Using the theory of self-psychology, research suggested that some characteristics related to the performance of fetal alcohol put a child's feelings in jeopardy, which in turn promotes the development of psychological and passive interpersonal skills.
Identity formation theory: This is theory is same as cognitive and psychoanalytic theory, and according to this theory, a teenager is taking a series of steps in a quest to develop a positive ego identity. When a teenager does not reach this goal in a healthy way, then there may be a risk of role confusion or identity confusion.  The behaviour of adolescent or teenage can be directly affected by confusion and this may lead to running from home, doing crime or getting in depression or low self-confidence. 
There are innumerable differences that differentiate behaviour from cognitive-creativity. Compared to going into the long number of all those personal differences, I think that it is more beneficial to construct a major theoretical imbalance between the two in a creative way. This will require the investigation of concepts; the principle of learning and cognitive-constructivist theory behaviour is the principle of learning. Skinner said that behaviour used to generate the environment. That’s the reason this part of learning is already automated. (Ruiz, 1995)


At last, as I have investigated the Erikson’s theory and the theory of attachment, which is clearly true in both the theories. Both theories represent the scientific method and describe both in such a form and then explain the comments of their respective supporters equally well. I will not choose in favour of any other theories. In fact, more practice and theory which increases it within psychology and counselling, has gone out of concern for behaviour and cognitive-creative approaches directly from concern. A good example is a cognitive-behavioural therapy that joins the two models into one useful unit, although it has been contended that insight of Bandura has had an immediate effect on this development contrasted with Attachment theory.
On the private note, I propose that at the descriptive level, two models make similarly important and sincere remarks about the human development process. Along these lines, they both offer much to adapt to the development. In any case, as some methods for clarifying human development, I trust they both come up short. The entire idea of human development is past the field of material science. In case that the speed of development is low then the responses depicted by Erikson and Bowlby can be portrayed. 
In my view of the effect of social psychology, my vision involves the development of new and innovative behaviour assessment tools and techniques to stop the crime by studying the behaviour and motivation of a violent criminal. Not only do I want to focus on crime, but with each of the lifestyle development stages on the social history of a violent crime. In this way, the Behavior Evaluation Tool will examine the capacities and nature of a brutal criminal, in which their hereditary and physical cosmetics, perceptual and cognitive abilities and passionate and social development are included so these distinctions influence their interpersonal aptitudes and identity styles. 


Bretherton, I. (1992). The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Developmental Psychology, 28(5), 759-775. Retrieved 3 20, 2018, from
Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). Life Span, The: Human Development for Helping Professionals, 4th Edition. Pearson.
Munley, P. H. (1975). Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development and vocational behavior. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 22(4), 314-319. Retrieved 3 20, 2018, from
Munley, P. H. (1977). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development and career development. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 10(3), 261-269. Retrieved 3 20, 2018, from
Ruiz, M. R. (1995). B.f. skinner's radical behaviourism. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 161-179.
Staudinger, U. (2001). Lifespan Development, Theory of. Retrieved 3 20, 2018, from
Zock, H. (2017). Human Development and Pastoral Care in a Postmodern Age: Donald Capps, Erik H. Erikson, and Beyond. Journal of Religion & Health, 1-14. Retrieved 3 20, 2018, from

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