The research paper consists of the details of an examination that was conducted on some of the early childhood teachers in Australia. The research has endeavored to identify the extent to which the National Quality Standards (NQS) for early childhood education and care (ECEC) were being observed by the teachers in order to enhance the quality of education imparted to the early childhood students (ACECQA, 2018). The research also highlighted the importance of incorporating the guidelines of the NQS in the enhancement of knowledge related to demonstration of effective early childhood teaching. The research was conducted through the administration of a Reflective Template that has been designed on the basis of Bloom’s revised taxonomy. The template was designed to gather feedbacks about the understanding of the pre-service teachers about the early childhood practices and the effectiveness in applying the policies and procedures mentioned in the NQS guidelines. The sample size of the research was 29 and consisted of pre-service teachers undergoing Bachelor of education (Primary) Program and specializing in early childhood education. The findings of the study revealed that the Reflective Template effectively depicted the state of awareness of the pre-service teachers in early childhood education regarding the NQS principles and guidelines and the extent to which they are being implemented by the teachers. The template not only helped observing early childhood behavior and the ability to recount a scenario but also created relevant questions to reflect upon the own practices of the pre-service teachers. The template approach helped the teachers achieve better outcomes with self-reflective teaching as compared to the other subjects related to teacher education (Lemon & Garvis, 2014).
The said research paper can be considered as an effective source of information for carrying out to the intended research study on the concepts of neuro-science and the early childhood education. This article has reflected upon the brain development in early childhood and adulthood with respect to the environmental enrichment that instigates various stimuli from the brain that is helpful in the study of early childhood cognitive development that will facilitate in understanding certain behaviors by the early childhood children. The findings from the research study might contribute in developing future early childhood education and care and herein lays the significance of this research article to the proposed research study.
The main focus and aim of the article is on the analysis of the ways the early experiences shape the development of the executive functions.
The functions and skills of executives assist in planning, focusing attention, switching gears and handling multiple tasks. The article has explained the functions and the skills of the executives with the role of the air traffic control being observed at busier airport. During childhood one of the most important aspects is that to acquire knowledge and experience and to build blocks of skills since the early stages of childhood (Gavin, 2009). The strength of the tasks and experiences being gathered during childhood help the children to shape the development. The development gets shaped throughout early stages of childhood, adolescence and continues till early phase of adults. The skills keep on getting developed throughout the life. It is not true that the individuals are born with certain skills which could be used for controlling impulses and making plans and remaining focused. The individuals are born with the potentials of developing the required skills which could be utilized to develop the executive skills. The blueprints are provided by the genes that the potentials are there in the genes but they need a perfect environment to get nurtured and developed in the most feasible way. The childhood phases are the platforms where the skills get developed with the support of the experiences and accomplishment of tasks. In the brain the function of executive gets developed in the same in which the air traffic control system works in a busy airport managing and handling the arrivals and departures of the many aircrafts operating on multiple runways. The article also discusses about the working memory and the inhibitory control. It could be seen that through the working memory the information gets manipulated in the brain within short span of time (SINGH, 2014). It provides the platform where the information can be kept to be used on regular basis. The thoughts and impulses are being filtered and mastered with the help of the skills of inhibitory control. With the help of cognitive mental flexibility the individuals can adjust their changes in demands, priorities and attitudes or perspectives (Emberson, 2017). The mental flexibility helps to get adjusted with different situations. The children start learning and developing their skills at an early stage and then the process continues till they get to learn from their experiences and tasks and finally the process of development takes place. The functions of executives are essential and crucial building blocks which help in developing the cognitive and social capabilities at early stage of childhood (Shonkoff, Duncan, Fisher, & Levitt, 2011).
The article is important and relevant as it provides knowledge and insights to the important aspect in relation to the development at early childhood which is the main theme of the analysis. This article presents the inputs towards the development of executive skills and functions which their shape at early childhood. The article has provided with relevant inputs and resources which could be used in the analysis of the early childhood education and care.
The main objective of the article is to analyze the construction of taxonomy of early childhood educator’s work. It focuses on the development of an effective tool which could be used to capture generalized data and information on regular works of the educators.
A taxonomy has been developed on the basis of the expertise of the experts of six early years. The experts are from Australia and the United States of America. The diaries where the records have been kept on time basis along with the findings of focus groups and interviews have been taken for the framing of the taxonomy. The interview has been conducted on 21 educators who have been working on the childhood in long day and pre-school care and services. There are 10 domains with respective sub-classes in the taxonomy. From the analysis it has been seen that the taxonomy has been the most effective system of codification which could effectively identify the tasks of everyday work and actions of the educators dealing with childcare services as per the settings of the early years. The analysis has also proved that this taxonomy will be one of the most effective tools for the future references for researches in investigating the workforce engaged in early childhood (Pinkham, Kaefer, & Neuman, 2014). It has been observed that there has been very little evidence regarding the regular work of the early childhood educators and their works on daily basis have not been recorded. From some of the limited quantitative researches it has been revealed that there is ample diversity in the working of the early childhood educators. The ways the early childhood educators spend their time on regular basis have not been analyzed intricately in the earlier days. So the taxonomy can be used for the recording of the day-to-day activities of the educators and these insights could be used to evaluate the quality and the diversity in their works. It has been seen that the regular activities and tasks of the early childhood educators are being evaluated and analyzed. Taxonomy could be the best suited tool for the purpose. The article also mentions about the Alpha model taxonomy which contains the 10 important domains with their sub0divisions where the recordings could be undertaken more intricately. The needful areas of research study could be covered with the needful resources. But it has also been recommended that the taxonomy must be tested with larger number of sample size (Wong, Harrison, Press, Sumsion, Gibson, & Woods, 2015).
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