American Health Care Delivery System

A mother brings her daughter into the emergency room during an asthma attack. Though both of her parents work, they cannot afford medical insurance for themselves or her. They also earn too much money to qualify for state or federal aid. She is treated with medication for her asthma attack at the hospital and she and her mother leave. Two weeks later, they return to the hospital in a virtually identical scenario.
In a 4-5 page paper, consider the following questions and explain your position of the issues:


This paper will discuss some basic issues related to health care in accordance with the given case study. It will highlight whether healthcare should be treated as a universal or relative right and how valuable it is to honour this right. Moreover, it will discuss whether people having more money must be entitled to better health care facilities and also the girl referred in the case study should receive better treatment and taken to primary care physician rather than the emergency room. 

Questions and Answers

1. Do you think that this girl is receiving adequate care?

    The girl is not receiving adequate care because she needs proper treatment and medication to check that her disease might not become chronic. If she is kept under observation, it would be beneficial for her health in the long term and the doctors might predict her symptoms and advise her proper medication. 


2. Should she be able to see a primary-care physician before her condition gets so acute that she must visit the ER?
It is the responsibility of her parents and as well as the girl to visit the doctor in the earlier stage when she observes some symptoms. But, as she has neglected, the diseases might become chronic and in such a stage it is important to visit an emergency room so as to get quick treatment. Therefore, it important for the girl to be taken to primary care physician before her condition worsens. 


3. Should everyone be entitled to a basic minimum of health care or to the exact same health care?
Yes, it is the responsibility of the government to check that every individual are entitled with basic minimum health care facilities. In many cases, it has been found that the individuals do not take care of their health and they are also ignored by their parents because of which they fail to take the proper precaution at the right time. Although the income of a particular family is much higher, but it is the responsibility of the government to entitle every citizen to basic healthcare facilities. 


4. Do you think that health care is a right? If so, is everyone forced to honor this right?
Health care should be considered as universal right. There must be proper access to mental as well as physical health, decent housing as well as better standard of living. Health care must be considered as a public good so that every individual can take care and protect themselves from different kinds of diseases. Thus, it is necessary that health care must be treated as public good. It is also important to take care and honour this right. If it misused, it will incur a huge amount of loss to the government.


5 Is this right relative or universal?
This right is considered to be relative. If people are given access to this right universally, they might misuse or overuse this right because they are not directly responsible for bearing the medical costs. They might utilize it to the fullest extent and thus this phenomenon is known as moral hazard. Although, this is considered to be a precondition for life, but people must not consider its privileges and misuse it (Morrisette et al., 2015).


6. Does this right exist because of the wealth of the United States, or is it applicable everywhere?
This right does not exist in United States because it has been found that majority of the European countries have medical insurance. However, in this case, the girl did not have medical insurance. Insurance plays an important role for protection of wages as well as stabilization of income due to sickness. According to United Nation program, health care is considered as a basic right, but United States do not have this right because the citizens have sufficient income to get proper medical care and treatment by their own income (Collins et al., 2015). 


7. Is health care a luxury?
In the low and middle income countries where there is absence of insurance and sufficient government budget, health care is considered to be necessity. However, in developed countries, people have the capacity to invest in their health through private expenses and it depends on the income level and the type of treatment that people want to undergo. In such a case, it is considered as luxury (Ucieklak-Je? et al.,2017)


8. Does having money entitle a person to better health care?
Yes, having money entitles a person to have better healthcare facilities. People can undergo better and advanced treatment if they can bear the cost of it. 

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Collins, S. R., Rasmussen, P. W., Doty, M. M., & Beutel, S. (2015). The rise in health care coverage and affordability since health reform took effect. New York: The Commonwealth Fund.
Morrisette, S., Oberman, W. D., Watts, A. D., & Beck, J. B. (2015). Health care: A brave new world. Health Care Analysis, 23(1), 88-105.
Ucieklak-Je?, P., Bem, A., Pr?dkiewicz, P., & Siedlecki, R. (2017). Healthcare benefits: luxury or necessity goods? EU countries case revisited. European Financial Systems 2017, 427.

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