1. Executive summary
The key aim of the report is to assess the concept of occupational safety and health in the leading construction company that is HBK Contracting Company. Presently, the cited company has undergone the project of Katara Hospitality Tower that engages in building future hospitality landmark in Lusail City that needed to be focused on implementing occupational health and safety guideline to overcome the accidents linked with health and safety. While, succeeding as Qatar’s leading construction company they would engage in successfully penetrate in engineering, performance and sustainability aspect, On the other hand, description of workplace and activities also support in undertaking the effective practices that assist in becoming the leading firm in Qatar.
The analysis has supported in knowing that there are several benefits will be obtained that involves the development of healthy culture within the workplace and no such risks has been present that can adversely affect the staffs who are highly prone to risk. Second main benefit is that it rises in the satisfaction level of the workers where they will be able to conduct the construction related practices with full motivation and in turn the organizational performance has enhanced through this.
Along with this, during the implementation of the project in the most effective manner one of the most crucial part is associated with strategy implementation is assessing the requirement for resources. The key resources that are required at the construction site include human resources, technological resource, physical resources as well as financial resources. With the implementation of adequate resources it results in accomplishing the practices at construction sites.
On the other hand, the cited firm is following QCS (Qatar Construction Specifications) along with this, they also following the international safety standards that are combined with NEBOSH, IOSH, OSHA, CSA, European standards etc. International standard such as NEBOSH are also required to be followed by the businesses in the construction industry of Qatar. The standards of NEBOSH are generally linked with occupational health and safety and needs to be strictly followed by the contracting company.
Health and safety are regarded as one of the affected areas that needed to be taken into consideration to avoid the situation of hazard. Through reviewing the position of workplace or site, it has been assessed that numerous hazards results in impacting or harming the workers (Laberge, MacEachen and Calvet, 2014). In the situation of a broader environment it has been evaluated that risk management practices will be required at the different management levels.
Thus, it would assist the individual in reducing the associated risk, making the environment safer as well as amending the business performance for the extended period. However, in the construction field it is required by the management to focus on occupational health and safety so that it might not lead to raising situation of injury at the construction phase.
The report focuses on the assessment of the occupational health and safety aspect in order to deal with all facets of physical, mental as well as social health and safety at the construction field or sites. On the other hand, it is also regarded as an umbrella for the efforts of a company that they engage in to prevent from the hazards and injuries (HBK Contracting Company, 2018). Apart from this, it has also been stated that managing occupational health and safety at the site reduces the rate of absenteeism as it decreases the ratio of accident and injury at the workplace.
Thus, the key aim of the report is to assess the concept of occupational safety and health in the leading construction company that is HBK Contracting Company. The company indulge in undertaking civil building projects in the State of Qatar, that further engage in contributing towards the economic progress of the country and the government sector. Under the management of President the construction company mainly emphasis on imparting health and safety along with quality control so that they may easily meet the engineering and architectural specifications (HBK Contracting Company, 2018). On the other hand, HBK is also an active member of United States Green Building Council (USGBC) that support in maintaining the health and safety at the construction site so that it may not lead to the uncertain outcome.
Presently, the cited company has undergone the project of Katara Hospitality Tower that engages in building future hospitality landmark in Lusail City that needed to be focused on implementing occupational health and safety guideline to overcome the accidents linked with health and safety. The undertaken project is mainly inspired by an architectural proposal that is encouraged by the seal of Qatar. Thus the property is conventional to turn out to be the leading hospitality landmark in Lusail.
It has been further stated that ambitious growth plan of the cited construction company indicates in constructing the standard building with undertaking other activities related with cost management of the project, designing activities as well as allocating the resources so that they may easily build the defined plan (HBK Contracting Company, 2018).
While, succeeding as Qatar’s leading construction company they would engage in successfully penetrate in engineering, performance and sustainability aspect, On the other hand, description of workplace and activities also support in undertaking the effective practices that assist in becoming the leading firm in Qatar. It has also been stated that cited large firm also committed to adhering the health and safety practices at the sites and location to reduce the likelihood of injury among their employees and labours.
Conversely, the report will focus on undertaking assessment of the health and safety culture of HBK contracting company so that in case of occurring any injury or hazard management would overcome such practices. The significance of assessing health and safety culture is that it results in preventing and minimising the associated risks as well as engaging in the activities that overcome the issue associated with occupational health and safety (HBK Contracting Company, 2018).
On the other hand, the report will also focus on devising and implementing the strategy for amending the health and safety culture of the organisation so that they may easily emphasis on maintaining occupational health and safety among their workers. With enabling the occupational health safety aspect management of the construction company would easily engage in amending the risk activities from the site that often participate in a hazardous situation (Martínez-Aires, Rubio Gámez and Gibb, 2016).
3. Assessment of the health and safety culture
3.1 Describe the indicators
Through determining health and safety culture of HBK Contracting Company it has been identified that there are different indicators that depicts effectiveness and ineffectiveness of the health and safety culture (HBK Contracting Company, 2018). With the help of assessing the culture it has been illustrate that there are leading indicators as well as underlying indicators of the safety performance in the workplace. As per the view of Salanova, et al. (2016), lagging indicators evaluate the rate of incidents in the company that often arises with the increase in the past accident statistics.
The main disadvantage of describing underlying or lagging indicators of safety performance is that they assist management in reviewing the number of people that badly got hurt with the improper safety aspect in the cited company (International law office, 2013). Thus, in the contrary situation, when managers will review the low injury rate, then they may become self-satisfied and put wellbeing on the underneath of their to-do list that overall hamper the health and safety culture.
Apart from the underlying indicators there are various leading indicators that support management of HBK contracting company in maintaining health and safety culture. As per the view of Howard, (2014), leading indicator is a measure foregoing future event that is mainly used to compel and measure the activities in order to control and prevent the injury. The key lagging (Underlying) and leading indicators of health and safety are as follows:
Table 1: Leading and Lagging indicators
||Number of fatalities
From the above description of leading and lagging indicators it has been stated that imparting employee training would support in the maintaining health and safety aspect at the construction site. As, the selected project company is undergoing in their second phase that needed to be focused on safety measures to avoid the incident related with accident and injury at the workplace. On the other hand, (Almost, et al. 2018) has stated that imparting employee training would also assist in enhancing their knowledge and practices related with undertaking the safety measure. Apart from this, safety/health meetings at the construction site are also regarded as leading health and safety indicators that manage workplace health and safety.
Through undertaking safety/health meetings it will support the management in conveying the health and safety standards and guidelines that protect workers at the construction sites from attaining the work-related injury (Jniosh, 2017). On the other hand, with safety/health meeting manager at the site would inform workers at the commencement of their service regarding the occupational hazards and accessible or future actions to be executed to defend workers from attaining the work-related injury. Although, imparting health and safety directions must be placed at the visible areas so that risk associated with hazard can be easily overcome.
There are majorly four underlying indicators depicting the situation of workplace health and safety. First is the number of fatalities which is a major concern in any construction company because of the nature of work. The occupation al hazards and exposures are quite unique as compared to other industries. It was found that the HBK Construction Company lacked in the commitment of providing full and fledged health and safety measures to the employees of the company (Sinelnikov, Inouye and Kerper, 2015). Moreover, widespread exploitation and abuse was reported by large number of migrant workers those are employed in the construction industry in Qatar. Statistics have reported significant rates of fatalities which is a clear indication of the company’s failure to meet the safety measures.
The second major indicator is injuries and illness rate. The same survey identified that the rate of injuries faced by the employees is quite high. These include both permanent as well as temporary disability. However, the company has been striving to improve these rates and is committed in reducing such incidents. The highly experienced operations management staffs are highly committed to enhancing the health and safety measures at the workplace. These further cooperate and ensure consistency in complying with the legal, moral as well as ethical obligations set by the management of the company (Yazdani, et al. 2015). At each site of the HBK Construction Company, the supervisors and experts are actively engaged with the stakeholders and the employees in order to build good relations which would eventually encourage safe work practices as well as increase the efficiency levels of productivity.
Next in the row come assets or property damages. An effective system of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is responsible for providing an integrated real-time view of the core business processes of the company. These processes include processing of order, management of the inventory and such others. All these are tied together by ERP applications. The ERP systems are further responsible for tracking business resources such as cash, materials etc (Shea, et al. 2016). Additionally, the ERP facilitates the flow of information among various functions of the business within HBK.
The status of the commitments that has been made by the company is also tracked which involves purchase orders and employee payroll. This ensures a proper recording of any kind of transactions in relation to the assets and the property of the company. Hence, in case any damage is done then a proper evaluation in financial terms as well as in other aspects is completed properly.
The last indicator includes near-miss incidents which can be understood as an unplanned event that did not result in injury, illness or any other sort of damage but had the potential to do so. The injury was prevented only because of a fortunate break in the chain of events. HBK Construction Company’s leadership has established a culture of reporting that reinforces each opportunity for identifying and controlling hazards, reducing all the possibilities of potential risks and prevention of harmful incidents (Tompa, et al. 2016).
Moreover, if any near miss incident occurs, an in-depth investigation is carried out so as to find out the root cause as well as the weakness in the system due to which it happened thereby utilizing the results in order to improve the safety systems, reducing risks and controlling hazards.
3.2 Methodology for the assessment
Methodology for the assessment of workforce perceptions, attitudes and beliefs towards health and safety and evaluation of methodology:
To assess the workforce perceptions, attitudes and beliefs towards the health and safety in HBK Contracting Company it has been stated that qualitative research methodology would be taken into the consideration. As per the view of (Lay, et al. 2016), undertaking qualitative research is defined as method that engage in obtaining data from the conversational communication such as through questioning respondents that is employees of company regarding health and safety standards.
On the other hand, qualitative research method also allows in-depth analysis of the data gathered that reveal the feeling as well as behavior of the targeted audiences. In addition to this, it also delivers information regarding the human side that often indicates opposing behaviors, beliefs as well as opinion of the employees and laborers regarding health and safety in the construction company.
It has been further assessed that with undertaking qualitative research methods it usually collects personal information regarding perception of health and safety at the setting (Kvorning, Hasle and Christensen, 2015). The project that has been currently in the progress is construction of Lusail Katara Hospitality Tower that require to have high level of safety and health of their employees and labors so that they may indulge in imparting quality and standard service at the construction site with imparting less the accidents and injury.
On the other hand, it has been also evaluated that both primary and secondary sources of data collection has been used to determine workforce perceptions as well as attitude towards the health and safety measures. Undertaking secondary source of data collection has also supported in measuring the health and safety measures as well as standard that has been used by construction firm for successfully undertaken the project (Annan, Addai and Tulashie, 2015).
On the other hand, for acquiring the primary information regarding beliefs and perception of workers adequate sample size has been taken into the consideration. Thus, the selected sample size for the survey is 100 respondents that engage in imparting their knowledge regarding the health and safety practices executed by cited contracting company.
With selecting the required respondents that is 100 respondents that consists senior management personnel, managerial personnel as well as employees that have adequate information about the health and safety standards implemented within the HBK Contracting Company. On the other hand, selecting managerial personnel would also impart a clear description regarding the workplace (i.e. construction sites) and the activities that should be provided or undertaken with the perspective of maintaining health and safety (Sheehan, et al. 2016).
The reason behind selection of the following sampling technique is because of the objectives of the study which is to measure aspect of occupational health and safety. Responses have collected from different parties of Construction Company of Qatar which include employees, laborers, contractors, project managers and suppliers. Apart from sampling, data analysis technique has been also used for interpreting the perception and attitude of employees and workers towards health and safety in the selected organization.
Data analysis is regarded as an effective procedure of inspecting, cleansing, transforming and exhibiting data to transform in the useful information. Generally, data analysis is divided in two categories that are qualitative and quantitative. As per the view of Ollé-Espluga et al. (2015) selection of data analysis is also based on type and nature of the data that has been collected with measuring the workers perception, attitude and beliefs. However, in qualitative research methodology evaluation and analysis of non-numerical data such as text, discussion with individuals, survey conducted with workers has been taken into the consideration.
In regard with the assessment of workforce perceptions, attitudes and beliefs of the workers and management personnel of HBK Contracting Company survey has been used in form of devising questionnaire. With undertaking the questionnaire tool it has supported in measuring the level of health and safety aspect that is been used by cited firm for indulging in the high budget project. So, that it minimizes the rate of accident and injury from the premise . On the other hand, for gathering information secondary sources have been also used such as newspaper articles, government published reports, journals related to health and safety measures, books etc. in order to acquire reliable and necessary information regarding the safety perspective and standard used by the cited company. (Refer appendix 1 for questionnaires
3.4 Findings of the survey
With the successful implementation of survey tool it has been stated that conducting survey is regarded as an unbiased approach that mainly engages in assessing opinions, thoughts as well as feelings of workers towards the health and safety aspect. On the basis of above questionnaire themes has been formulated that interpret the response of participants.
Theme 1: Employee training is the leading indicators of the safety performance in the cited contracting company
||Number of respondents
From the collected response it has been stated that there are various indicators of the safety performance in the cited construction company that support in maintaining and attaining the perspective of health and safety in the premises. The majority that is 47 of respondents have voted in favor of employee training that it act as the major indicator in the company that ensure safety performance. On the other hand, 20 respondents have marked risk/hazardous assessment as the leading practice that ensure the safety performance within the construction site as it assess and identify the areas that lead affect the safety of the workers.
As, the key purpose of carrying out a risk assessment is to permit the employer in undertaking adequate or necessary measures that results in attaining safety and health protection of workers. However, it has been stated that with risk assessment it can make individuals or workers more conscious of the associated risks and different ways to avoid or minimize them.
Theme 2: Potential hazards in constructing industry
|What are the potential hazards in constructing industry?
||Number of respondents
|Use of equipment’s and machines
|Fall from elevation
|Fire and Explosion
|Exposure to extreme heat and cold
|Lifting of Heavy loads
|All of the above
Through reviewing the above graph it has been found that there are potential hazards that occur while engaging in the construction activities of the hotels such as inadequate use of equipment and machines, hazards related with fire and explosion, Exposure to extreme heat and cold, Lifting of heavy loads etc. From the collected responses it has been found that 36 respondents have stated that all the above stated factors contribute in attaining potential hazard at the construction site.
With exposure to all of the factors it has been found that it negatively impacts the activities that are undertaken at the field while constructing range of hotels. On the other hand, 16 respondents were in the favor that with using adequate equipment and machines at the site will results in arising the hazardous situation the workplace that negatively lead to impact the health and well-being. On the other hand, respondents has also stated that fall from elevator, electric shock as well as lifting of heavy loads are also regarded as potential hazards that arises within the construction industry.
Theme 3: Contracting Company set goals and/or objectives in relation to safety at the workplace
|Does Contracting Company set goals and/or objectives in relation to safety at the workplace?
||Number Of Respondents
Through reviewing the above figure it has been stated that 72 respondents has clearly indicated that cited constructing company engage in devising the goals and objectives at the workplace that results in maintaining safety at the workplace. With setting goals and objectives at the workplace management engage in drafting such activities that result in overcoming the situation of hazard at the workplace. On the other hand, 28 respondents were against the statement that company does not set any guidelines or goals related with maintaining health and safety at the workplace that outcome in high rate of accidents and incident.
3.5 Analysis of data
Through undertaking the questionnaire survey in the HBK Contracting Company it has been analysed that respondents has provided adequate information regarding the safety dimensions used by company in their various projects to overcome the situation of injury or risk. With the help of analysing the company activities as well as environment it has been found that HBK Contracting Company is committed to reducing the rate of accidents and incidents by enabling continuance the health, safety and environment of involved in or affected by operations while providing a healthy working environment for all our employees (Steel, Godderis and Luyten, 2018).
It has been analysed that cited company follows certain series for maintaining health and safety of their workers that include OHSAS (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series) 18001 and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 14001 Attributed management systems are frequently revised and updated to endure with the current legislation, direction from the regulatory bodies.
Along with this, company is also supported by the professionally proficient safety organization in order to avoid the risk. On every construction site or location they are actively engage with all shareholders and employees concerning with Health and Safety to institute relationships among the workforce (Stergiou-Kita et al. 2015). As, the management of HBK have confidence that good dealings is a key ingenuity that results in encouraging safe work practices, well-organized productivity and certify that management value for their key assets (i.e. employees and workers).
From the analysis it has been found that cited Construction Company of Qatar is committed towards adherence of the latest health and safety practice in order to cut the probability of injury among the employees. In Qatar, the cited firm is following QCS (Qatar Construction Specifications) along with this, they also following the international safety standards that are combined with NEBOSH, IOSH, OSHA, CSA, European standards etc.
|Qatar Construction Specification (QCS)
||A business such as HBK Contracting Company is undertaking different guidelines and information which are mentioned in the Qatar Construction Specification. According to the selected standard, the companies in construction industry of Qatar are required to employ effective techniques related with waste management. The organisations are required to make sure that at-least fifty percent of the total waste is either recycled or reused (Laberge, MacEachen and Calvet, 2014). Apart from this, the construction should be done on the sites which have no risk corrosion or mild or moderate exposure. Different specifications linked with natural soil, Brownfield, water/soil and groundwater are provided in Qatar Construction Specification and the companies are required to take care of these specifications while constructing a building.
|NEBOSH (National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health)
||International standard such as NEBOSH are also required to be followed by the businesses in the construction industry of Qatar. The standards of NEBOSH are generally linked with occupational health and safety and needs to be strictly followed by HBK Contracting Company. The use or application of NEBOSH provides the construction companies with an opportunity to reduce their direct cost associated with workplace injuries, accidents, deaths, absences and sick pays (Martínez-Aires, Rubio Gámez and Gibb, 2016). NEBOSH is more into the field of developing vocational qualification to companies and executives in areas which are environmental practices and management along with occupational health and safety. NEBOSH also plays a critical role in providing the managers and employees with in-depth knowledge about health and safety principles and risk management.
|Institution of Occupational Health and Safety (IOSH)
||IOSH is considered as the one and the only chartered body for the professionals who are associated with health and safety. It emphasises on providing training programs to individuals and companies with respect to occupational health and safety. The information and knowledge gained from IOSH assists the employers and employees in the construction industry of Qatar to formulate a practical and safe working environment and system (Finkel, et al. 2018). The training sessions provided by IOSH are significant for businesses operating in the construction industry of Qatar as the sessions support in the effective and best possible management of different risks and resources within workplace or construction sites. Other than this, the managers in the construction industry are able to enhance the speed and overall effectiveness of the actions and strategies which they are required to handle in context of Occupational health and safety.
||The European standards linked with workplace health and safety is also followed by the business in the construction industry of Qatar. According to the standards, the companies or management is required check the mechanical resistance and overall satiability of the construction site as well as of the building. In addition to this, adequate measures for the prevention of workers health and safety in case of fire need to be taken care of (Ricci, et al. 2016). The businesses are also responsible for taking adequate measures and protections against the noise and air pollution. The organisations in construction industry of Qatar also require ensuring that sustainable and most optimum use of natural resources is carried out. The buildings and structures developed on the construction site needs to be energy efficient in the best and every possible manner.
Construction checklists (site inspection) related with health and safety
|Personal Protective Equipment: Needed at this worksite?
1. Supplied by manager / employer at the construction site
2. Worn by employees and labor staffs at the time of imparting services
|Hearing and Eye protection
1. Supplied by manager
2. Training has been imparted to the employees
3. Hearing and eyesight gadgets must be worn at the time of time of imparting services at the construction sites.
|Machine Hazards: Are power tools and machines used at this site?
1. Effective training is imparted to workers for using powerful tools at the construction site.
2. Is workers are trained prior towards using the nail guns at the site?
|Area or location inspected
|Activities required to be consider at the time of maintaining health and safety
|1. Do workers have a safe route to their place of work?
|2. Have workforce been trained and educated on safe manual handling?
|3. Is suitable lifting equipment provided for handling heavy loads; is it apt for the job, certified and examined repeatedly?
|4. Is work equipment, plant and machinery used at the construction company engages in maintaining a safe condition and is it reviewed habitually by the competent persons?
|5. In the company are there any systems in place for consultation with workforces on maintaining safety, health and welfare along with supporting the safety representative?
|6. Have labors or employees are been instructed and trained on safe manual handling at the construction site?
Limitations of the data/results
Through undertaking the analysis it has been assessed that there are different limitations of data/results to the study it mainly includes that the overall study is only confined to the perception and beliefs of employees regarding the health and safety aspect. On the other hand, limitations of the data/results state that the data only focuses on the types of risks and accident that occurs within the workplace due to lack of the safety equipment.
With the above assessment it has been concluded that safety contractors have acknowledged different key areas that may need immediate attention and work with the department to implement health and safety improvement plans and initiative at the construction site. The key areas include delivering training to staff in relation with workplace health and safety, adopting technological tools while conducting construction related activities etc.
4. Strategy for improving the health and safety culture
In order to improve overall performance of HBK Contracting Company with regards to health and safety it is necessarily required to develop health and safety culture within the workplace so that business practices can be conducted easily and in the best possible manner. In case if healthy culture has been developed within the workplace then in such case all the staff members will be able to conduct the construction related operations in the best possible manner (The Peninsula, 2018).
One of the most important aspect is to develop healthy culture within the workplace so that overall activities can be conducted smoothly. Moreover, planning is necessary like in case if proper planning is carried out within the workplace then in such case the major risks associated with accidents and other form of hazardous can be easily avoided and in turn it can bring favorable results also.
The direct impact of health and safety culture will be on the business practices where the staff members will be able to conduct the assigned practices safely (Moyo et al. 2015). Further, it is a well known fact that when high level of risks are associated with conducting business operations then in such case employees do not prefer to carry out overall operations and this highlights the ineffective practices of the firm in dealing with the risks.
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4.1 Aim and objectives
Aim: The main aim of the present strategy will be to enhance the present health and safety culture within HBK Contracting Company.
Below are some of the key objectives that have been framed:
- To develop strategic plans for improving health and safety culture in HBK Contracting Company
- To identify the areas those are more prone to risk
- To assess the present safety measures that are taken within HBK Contracting Company
- To prepare action for implementing the health and safety culture within the workplace
Above shown will be the main objectives that will be based on the present study. Further, by accomplishing all these objectives it is quite possible to focus on the development of the health and safety culture. Further, it is a well known fact that HBK Contracting Company conducts the business practices in the environment that are quite risky and in turn in the field of construction chances of accidents and other form of risks are very high (Ellen et al. 2016).
In case, if proper actions are not at all taken for managing the level of risk then in such case it will have negative impact on the staff members. Along with this, all the above objectives have been framed after considering the views of the top executives and other form of individuals who have good knowledge about the risk that can happen in the field of construction.
Moreover, after framing all the objectives the most important task is to monitor the activities like whether corrective measures have been taken within HBK Contracting Company for dealing with the key risks or not (Gopang et al. 2017). Hence, through this it can be stated that the objectives set can surely provide right direction to implement the health and safety culture within the workplace. It will be ensured time to time that all the actions taken are in accordance with the goal set that is linked with improving health and safety culture within HBK Contracting Company.
4.2 Proposals for action
On analyzing the present health and safety culture of the HBK Contracting Company it has been identified that various loopholes are present in the current practices of the firm and for conducting the safe construction practices proper plan is needed. The existing health and safety culture do not undertake the corrective actions that can be taken well in advance for managing the health and safety of the staff members within the workplace. The key areas of actions that have been identified involves
- Time to time investigations of accidents and hazards in material handling etc.
- Delivering training to staff in relation with workplace health and safety
- Complying with the health and safety regulations present within Qatar
- Adopting technological tools while conducting construction related activities
- Proper communication between management and employees regarding safety issues
- Ensuring active involvement of the parties for dealing with health and safety challenges
- Ensuring proper equipments are present for dealing with health related risk
- Development of efficient teams who can manage different risks easily
Above shown are the some of the key actions that have been identified and in case if these actions are managed properly then in such case it will lead to the development of the health and safety culture within the workplace. The proposed action linked with time to time investigation is very crucial where investigation will take place in monthly basis where it will be identified the kind of major hazards that can occur while undertaking any new construction project (Nordlöf et al. 2017).
Along with this, identifying the key risks well in advance will enhance the real strength of the firm so as to cope up with the challenges in the best possible manner. For instance, in case of any ongoing project on the wider basis if proper health and safety risks are identified well in advance such as electricity where in the case if proper actions are not taken well in advance then in such case it can lead to severe injury.
Another risk can be linked with airborne toxins and fibre, materials handling risk etc. Therefore, this action is very crucial and in case if material handling and form of areas are managed properly then in such case it will help in managing the risks properly (Bianchini et al. 2017). The proposal will involve development of skilled and knowledgeable team that will conduct investigation and they will analyze the present processes so as to know whether the business practices are up to the mark or not.
The next crucial action is rendering training to the staff or the workers so that they are well aware about the workplace health and safety. Therefore, the proposal of this action will undertake proper planning like the time period in which training will be given, the areas where training will be provided, who will be the participants etc. Proper time and place of training will be decided and along with this the company will try to impart practice training to the staff like through visit of the construction site etc so that employees can understand in the proper manner (Ilbahar et al. 2018).
Further, in the proposal advice from the staff members will be taken in order to know the key areas where they are lacking behind. Hence, by taking all these actions it will be possible to handle the key risks that are associated with construction. The next action is complying with the health and safety laws that are present within Qatar. The proposal of this action involves conducting market analysis so as to gain knowledge and information of the key laws that are prevailing in Qatar and they are associated with health and safety (KATARA HOSPITALITY, 2018).
National regulatory framework is practiced within Qatar and different authorities and bodies are present that continuously assists in conducting the business practices as per the health and safety norms introduced by the government of Qatar. Another action involves adoption of the technological tools for carrying out the construction related activities. Therefore, in this case separate team will be developed whose main task will be to decide the latest technology that can be used in the field of construction and its implementation will take place in the specific time period.
The main benefit will be that through the adoption of latest technology it will be possible to reduce the overall level of risk up to the extent and in turn it will bring long term benefits also (Sønderstrup-Andersen and Bach, 2018). The team will decide technology in terms of cost and benefits and overall the top executives will take decision linked with implementation of new technology in the business practices also. This action will surely minimize the chances of overall risk within HBK Contracting Company and in turn the business will be able to develop healthy and safe culture within the workplace which is most important.
The next significant key action is undertaking proper communication between the management and the employees regarding the safety issues. The proposal of this action will undertake deciding the suitable platforms through which communication will take place where the most suitable one is meetings. On continuous basis the management and the staff will undergo face to face meetings where they will discuss safety issues (Castro and Ramos, 2017). Through discussion it will be ensured what are the practices that are up to the mark and the areas that need improvement.
The main effectiveness of the meeting will be that it will assist in improving the health and safety culture as different forms of new ideas will be generated for the betterment of the HBK Contracting Company and in turn different construction projects can be undertaken easily. Therefore, this action is also very important and it will be favorable for the entire firm in the best possible manner. Active involvement of the parties for dealing with the health and safety challenges is the next action where its proposal will include identifying the key parties that are directly affected in case if any risk occurs (Oliveira, Lopes and Bana e Costa, 2018).
Obtaining the view and the perception of every party is very important and this action will be taken within HBK Contracting Company for the development of the health and safety culture. The time period of 4 weeks will be needed to undertake this action and side by side views of the different individuals will be taken who are influenced due to the risks related with construction.
Ensuring proper equipments are present is another action whose proposal will involve identifying the main equipments that can be adopted in the construction sector so as to avoid different risks that can affect the health and safety of the workers. This action is most crucial like in case if the staff members are equipped with the latest technology then in such case they will be able to conduct the business practices in the most appropriate and the overall chances of hazards and other unfavorable actions will surely reduce (Mahmoudi et al. 2014).
The last crucial action is development of efficient team that can manage hazards and other form of risks. So, in this case the proposal will involve identifying the team members who have good knowledge and experience in the risk management with respect to the construction sector. Further, the capability of every individual will be analyzed in terms of managing risk and in turn it will lead to development of the efficient teams that can support the organization in managing risk and building environment of health and safety within the workplace (Boustras and Guldenmund, 2017).
Hence, all these proposals are quite and they have been developed for every action. These proposals will be followed in the proper sequence and in turn the main result will be in the form of effective health and safety culture where all the staff members can work safely and they will be equipped with safety equipments through which risk management is necessarily and chances of accidents will be quite low. Further, it is a well known fact that proper equipments are used in the field of construction and proper planning is done then in such case it can bring favorable results for the business in the every possible manner (Fan et al. 2014).
Along with this, after taking deciding the key actions its implementation will take place and their successful implementation will positively affect the entire HBK Contracting Company. All the actions that have been stated above they have developed by analyzing the present position with respect to health and safety. Many loopholes are present in the present health and safety practices of the firm. Considering the case of Qatar different regulatory bodies are present whose main task is to ensure proper health and safety practices within the workplace.
Further, they ensure where companies are complying with the legal guidelines like adoption of different equipments for managing risk etc (Leka et al. 2017). Hence, these are some of the valid reasons due to which different actions have been taken and proposal has been prepared for each one of them for the proper development and the implementation of health and safety culture within the workplace.
4.3 Strategy implementation and timescale
The strategy developed for maintaining health and safety culture is highly effective and through this it will become quite easier to conduct the business operations in the most effective manner. The implementation will take place with the help of proper planning within HBK Contracting Company. Below table represents the key processes in the strategy implementation along with its respective timescale.
|Developing the mission and vision
|Strategic action plan
|Training to staff
|Involvement of staff in decision making
Above shown are the most crucial stage with the help of which implementation of the strategy will take place. Further, in the first stage development of mission and vision will take place where it involves setting healthy and safe culture within HBK Contracting Company so as to deal with different risk and in turn the workers can conduct the business practices safely (Friis, 2015). The time allotted to this specific stage is 1 week where every individual associated with the company will understand the mission and vision. The top officials of the firm will be responsible for building mission and vision that will represent the attributes of health and safety culture.
The next crucial stage is strategic action plan where proper plan will be developed that will focus on building health and safety culture within HBK Contracting Company. The time period of 2 weeks will be required in implementing this stage. The main responsibility will be of top executives who will prepare strategic action plan and in turn the business practices will be conducted safely and in the best possible manner also. The action plan will undertake the key actions that have been developed above and the business practices will be conducted accordingly.
The next and the most crucial stage is resource allocation where resources such as technology, human, financial etc will be required to implement the overall plan in the best possible manner. Mainly it will be the responsibility of the managers to manage all the crucial resources and in this case time frame of 3 weeks will be allocated (Steege et al. 2014). Corrective actions will be taken well in advance so that situation such as inadequacy of resources will not arise as this situation can adversely affect the performance of HBK Contracting Company.
Furthermore, for managing resources in the proper manner planning will be done where it will support in accomplishing the key result associated with the optimum utilization of the resource and it will contribute a lot in building healthy and safe culture within the HBK Contracting Company. Further, it is a well known fact that when proper resource management measures are not at all taken within the workplace then at the time the chances of strategy failure is very high.
The next process will undertake delivering training to the staff where all the workers who have to deal with the risk on continuous basis will be provided training. They will be trained regarding the actions to take during risk and corrective action they can take before working in any construction site (Chacha and Houdmont, 2018). This is the main reason due to which the present stage is very crucial and time period of 1 week will be allocated so as to deliver proper training to the staff and it will enhance their motivation level also.
Involvement of the staff in the decision making will be the next important stage where different crucial decisions will be taken and in turn all the employees working in HBK Contracting Company will be considered so as to take the best possible decisions. Mainly the decisions will be linked with managing risk, taking corrective actions, implementing the proper use of equipments that are associated with the construction field etc. The time frame of 3 weeks will be needed in this stage where involving all the staff in the major process is time consuming and for this managers will be mainly responsible (Boocock et al. 2016). Further, managers will mainly identify the staff who can be affected due to risk and in turn they will be involved in the decision making process.
The last stage will be reward system where the employees who will successfully participate in the strategic implementation process will be rewarded. Further, reward will be given for the initiatives taken and other form of efforts that are remarkable also. Time period of 2 weeks will be mainly taken for the development of reward system especially for the staff that has supported in building healthy and safe culture within HBK Contracting Company (Tremblay and Badri, 2018). Mainly the top executives of the firm will be responsible for building reward system and the chances of occurrence of risk will surely decline due to this. Hence, these are some of the main processes along with the timeline and responsibilities that will provide idea regarding how the strategy would be implemented.
4.4 Monitoring of success
It is one of the most crucial part where through monitoring it will become possible to know whether the goal associated with improving health and safety culture has been accomplished or not. Different stages have been mentioned above and they will be followed in proper sequence so as to know whether the overall plan is conducted in the proper manner or not. Along with this, for monitoring the overall success separate team will be developed within HBK Contracting Company that will ensure whether the overall strategy developed for improving health and safety culture is effective or not (Koskela, 2014). Monitoring of the success will take place on monthly basis and several indicators will be undertaken for knowing success level.
The team will focus on the rate of incidents for instance while conducting the construction practices the total number of injury and other incidents have reduced then in such case it can be said that the strategy developed is quite effective. It will be ensured whether all the activities are conducted as per the time allocated or not and this will help in knowing the actual success rate also. Regular monitoring intervals will be undertaken in the proper manner like 15 days where it will help in knowing whether the plan has been executed in the proper manner or not (Moatari-Kazerouni, Chinniah and Agard, 2015). The regular interval will assist in knowing the key loopholes that are associated with the plan and in turn corrective actions will be taken for dealing with the same.
Success will be monitored by knowing the real impact of the strategy on the different areas such as workers who are prone to risk, entire company etc. In case if strategy has positively affected the entire firm along with the employees then in such case it can be said that it is successful and vice versa. One of the main benefits associated with monitoring success in case of HBK Contracting Company will be that it will highlight the safety measures that the company is taking and the workers will be able to work in the proper manner.
Apart from this, majority of the risks and unfavorable outcomes will be easily managed through monitoring success (Maalouf, Hamja and Hasle, 2018). Along with this, monitoring will be supported by gathering information about the project. Right form of information will be obtained such as the areas positively affected due to plan etc.
Monitoring of the success will also take place by obtaining feedback from the workers and other employees in the workplace. In case if they are satisfied with the overall measures taken then in such case it can be stated that the success rate is high and the overall plan is bringing favorable results also.
Moreover, the key areas will be tracked on the continuous basis where strategy will be implemented (Staun, 2018). One of the best method of monitoring success will be ensuring that the tasks are accomplished within the deadline or before than that. It will also assist in knowing the success rate in the best possible manner and will bring favorable results for the entire organization also.
The most crucial part is measuring project deliverables and the overall activities like if in case if project activities are monitored in proper way then in such cases the chances of success is very high and vice versa. Hence, these are some of the ways through which monitoring of the success will take place in the appropriate manner and it will represent how effective is the overall project (Landsbergis, Grzywacz and LaMontagne, 2014).
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