"Education and the Legacy of Slavery"

Requirement

Prepare a Research paper on "Education and the Legacy of Slavery".

Solution

Introduction

To understand the various attributes and the characteristics of modern education, it is significant to know slavery and its legacy. People have suffered much in the past, and it has highly impacted education. Slavery is not a new Colloquy, and the researchers have done adequate researches in the world. Further, slavery brutalized people, a race for all it heeded. It estranged society relying on the natural attributes of the premises. Moreover, this research paper will discuss the various reasons which made people endure slavery and the lack of education. The literature and history will be reviewed in relation to the problem. The education level which people wished for and the education level which they actually received or might not have received will be agitated in this research paper. Also, the research paper will provide insight to the various researchers and the public about education and the legacy of slavery that people endured in the past, and also the way in which it was affiliated to education. Further, the intriguing result will be highlighted in the contexture of the heritage of African American and also African American women are amid America’s highly knowledgeable African American community as compared to the male coequals.

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Literature Review

Education is defined as the Southern colonies which were relied on the system of caste. The slaves were banned from accessing education formally. Before the year 1840, the southern colonies didn't have the patrimony of education for the public. Southerners have baptized their children on the basis of the community’s value. On the other hand, the slaves relied on the Anglian Church for the education which was given orally and not in the form of writing for the worry of insurrection. Moreover, the southerners assumed that if the slave was accredited, they might stage rebellion against the masters. But the southern colonies actually adapted the legislation which forbidden the slaves’ education. Further, the discrepancies among the poor and the rich are still at rife in the population of America. Whilst, the education system of America is available for people, and the affordability creates it unapproachable to various students who belongs to the background of low socio-economy in comparison to those who belongs to rich families. Therefore, children from affluent families can avail private schools and enhanced opportunities as compared to their counterparts (Bertocchi, G., 2015). The education quality which the poor people get is of disputable quality. The slaves who were caught educating themselves were suffered from the psychological and the physical consequences. During the time of civil war, ordain of the institution of slavery was indistinct. Further, at the time of change from slavery to the freedom, various African Americans tried to satisfy their material requirements along with the intellectual itching.

The Roots of Education 

The researchers have identified the negative relationship between the slavery and the outcomes of the education. The root of the problem relies on the institute of colonialism of the slave labor which had been extended in Latin America and the US until the nineteenth century. In various countries, the historical slavery has impacted the people’ education level, and the inequality in income persevered there. Further, the government has implemented various policies, and they aimed to eradicate the inequality of education and racialism in the schools, but no solution was identified. The researchers have identified the conceptualization of slavery as the ownership of a person to the other, the laceration of the families from one another, brutalizing the people, squeezing the will of the people. Further, it has been observed that knowledge and education bring misery and pain to all of us. But the ignorance and the bliss are not at all acceptable at any cost (Greenberg, J., 2010). 
Moreover, it has been observed from the various researches that slavery was described as the profession, and the blacks were the ones who used to get employed in it. But, slowly and gradually the education level began to ascent through the blacks and further they started receiving formal education through the Church of England. Further, the slaves were being invited to the various churches in order to learn how to write and read. As a result, the condition of the blacks was improved to some extent as compared to the previous situation. 

Slavery and Racial Education Inequality 

According to the researchers, the blacks were still struggling in order to survive even after getting educated. This demonstrated that the slaves had difficulty in receiving the advantages of education as compared to the other people and further they identified it as incompatible in order to be educated because of the adverse conditions of the slavery. Moreover, the slavery has adverse effects across the globe. The researcher stated that education and slavery are not compatible at all as the lives of the people are in the form of inability in order get any type of education.  Further, the researcher stated that when the blacks endured from the slavery, the education was relied on the three basic principles: the reinforcement of the education from the Quakers and the way in order to get freedom through education, ideal’s education of the Christianity and the Bible (McMillan, S.T). The researchers wanted to create awareness about the various advantages of the education which the people might get and the way through which education didn't allow them to escape their pain and miseries. 
It can be clearly observed that issue of education and slavery had an adverse impact on the history and it is still persisting in various societies. People are still facing discrimination on the basis of racialism. The blacks are not getting adequate education and jobs in order to fulfill their basic needs as compared to the Whites. Blacks are facing inequality not only on the basis of education, but they are facing discrimination and inequality on the basis of every aspect. African Americans are the ones who suffer the most in every aspect. 

Frederick Douglass, a case study 

Douglas wrote his autobiography, “The narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglas” (Douglass, F., 2000), in which he clearly argues that the education and slavery are not compatible at all. He simply related the topic with his own personal life. Further, he clearly mentioned in the autobiography that education and slavery are incompatible with one another. In his life, Douglas only wanted to achieve education, but he did not have any scope in order to get an education. Further, he felt that he was cursed as he had a desire in order to be an educated person which cannot be completed. He felt that even his desire was the curse. His slavery was not allowing him to achieve education and whenever he thought of becoming an educated person, his worst conditions reminded him of the desires which he cannot satisfy.
In his book, he clearly demonstrated his feelings as fallen into a pit and was unable to see the ladder in order to come out from the pit. He fought the battle for the education, and even he was fighting with those who were not the slaves, but they were getting an education with ease. Somehow he got educated, but he still continued to feel miserable due to literacy which made him aware of his situation of hopelessness and further felt the pain for the various other slaves as well. Furthermore, it can be understood that the education and the slavery are not compatible at all and if they are made compatible at some point then the outcome is not at all satisfactory.

Education and African American Women 

According to the researchers (Mahmood, H., 2013), it has been observed that the African American women were more competitive and anxious and they were less assertive as compared to men. Because of this reason, the African American women are more knowledgeable and more curious about the education as compared to men. The females are ostracized socially and experience more emotional misery and pain as compared to African American men. Further, gender adversely impacted the black women for the form of education, and this influenced the aspirations of the career and the traditional orientations of the sex-role.
During the younger days, the African American women were forced to help other people in the pursuit of the lucrative careers in the form of financial aspirations. The researchers have also focused on the single parents like what were the challenges they face being a black woman in order to take care of their children. It was observed that it was very difficult for the black women to take care of their children single-handedly. They themselves were not educated and were forced to get marry at the young age because of the financial conditions. They were not able to take care of themselves and were not given adequate education about the health even, and this forced them to face poverty. They were getting various health issues because they were educated enough to understand what is happening with them and how to get rid of it like what could be the best solution for their problem.

Education and African American Men 

According to the researchers, it has been observed that the patterns for the African American men were completely opposite as compared to the pattern of women. Men were not treated fairly in the campuses, and they were being demotivated all the time and were forced to become the slaves of the whites. And because of this reason, the blacks are more aggressive and competitive in nature as compared to whites. They demonstrated less anxiety while getting the education as compared to whites. The African American men have more resources of socio-economy as compared to the African American women. Even men were pressurized in order to get marry at the young age because of their financial conditions. They were not educated enough in order to plan their family and were not even able to fulfil their basic necessities and further this was giving rise to various health issues. 
The African American men were less educated as compared to black women and they were not able to take the responsibility of their families and were facing poverty. Further, they were not able to improve their financial conditions because they were not getting employment because of the racial inequality and the discrimination. Moreover, they were forced to become the slaves of the white people. Blacks were not allowed to attain education at the white universities, and they treated badly by the whites.

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Research Methodology

For our research paper, the complete research is relied on the secondary sources completely. The secondary sources consisted various research papers, publications, websites and the books which were having the various information regarding the groups of people who endured from the adverse form of slavery just like the African Americans. Furthermore, the education level that they desired to have and what they actually received. All these information was gathered from the secondary sources. Moreover, the research was relied on the exploratory research as it helped in describing the problem more precisely. The secondary sources adequately helped in writing the research paper and the purpose to use the secondary sources was that it would help in creating awareness that what is actually happening in our society and how people are getting adversely impacted by these situations.

Findings 

The findings of the research paper are relied on the empirical evidence. Further, the research paper demonstrated that the education and the slavery are incompatible with one another. Moreover, the inequality was appertaining to the racial education which can be tracked to the legacy of the slavery of colonialism. The inequality of the income and the education are impacted because of the colonial slavery. Also, it has been clearly understood that the people shift from Jim Crow and the slaves in order to seek the education desperately. Further, the modern day “too cool for the school” has been entrenched in the legacy of the identity of Blacks and the slavery. Therefore, this research can be usedas the evident in order to show that the compatibility between the education and the slavery is very poor. 

Conclusion 

The research paper demonstrates that like various others, the condition or the situation of African Americans was very poor on the basis of education and the slavery. They fought in order to get freedom and attain education and wanted to live a way they wanted to. The research paper demonstrated the issue of education and the slavery had an adverse effect on our history, and it is still persevering in various societies. Further, the research paper stated that the slavery was defined as the pit in which people fell, and they still might be falling in some societies. The research paper helps in understanding that the inequality on the basis of racialism and the income is deeply rooted in our history. Further, it has been identified that the major channel from which the history wields its continuous impact. The channel is being demonstrated by the irregular access to the education of blacks as compared to the whites. Therefore, there are various policies that target towards the eradication of the inequalities depending on the racialism and the education.

References

  • Bertocchi, G., 2015. Slavery, racial inequality, and education. IZA World of Labor. Vol 301. Pp. 221-228

  • Douglass, F., 2000. Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave. Random House Digital, Inc.

  • Greenberg, J., 2010. Report on Roma education today: From slavery to segregation and beyond. Columbia Law Review,  Vol. 2. pp.919-1001.

  • Mahmood, H., 2013. Slavery’s Effects on Education: Parallelism in the United States and Benin.

  • McMillan, S.T., Slavery, Education and Upward Mobility.

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