Dramatic irony can be defined as a device of literacy which is quite stylistic and commonly observed in movies plays poetry and theatres. Storytellers of in use dramatic irony as one of the useful plots devices in developing situations in which the readers and the audiences have more information about any situation or event other than the characters of the work.
The readers and the audiences are provided with the causes of conflicts along with their resolution before the characters of the actors of the work become aware of the same. The readers and the observers find that the actors or the characters are using some speeches which are of unusual meaning because they have the information which the leading actors and characters of the work do not have. For example, in a play, the audience can have the information that a particular character is going to be killed or going to commit suicide but the other characters do not know the same.
Therefore, the actions and the words of the actors and characters would suggest something different to the observer, audiences, and the readers from which the characters and the storyline can be understood effectively. Dramatic irony is also commonly used in creating suspense. Even in creating humor, the authors for the movie makers often take the help of dramatic irony. The speeches of the actors and the characters also get device so that they can convey embellish emphasize something different from what is already known by the readers and the audiences.
In Othello, by William Shakespeare, we all know that Lago has manipulated Othello and Othello has put all his faith in Lago considering him to be an honest person. However, Lago has been plotting against Othello beyond his knowledge. But the audience and the readers know the real fact that Lago has been deceiving Othello which he does not know. This is one of the good examples of dramatic irony. Several other examples found in literary works poetry movies theatres play.
Dramatic irony is mainly used in developing a situation or an event that the audiences and the readers are provided with necessary information which or not provided to the characters of the actors point dramatic irony is observed commonly in different place theatres Dramas poetries movies and other literary works where the main aim of the author or the movie maker is to who written the interest and attraction of the Audi audiences are the readers. The main function of dramatic irony is to be used as an effective tool in sustainable and exciting the interest of the readers of the audiences. The irony gets created from a contrast situation.
The situation is different on the part of the audiences and that of the leading actors or characters. It helps in generating curiosity in the readers for the audiences. The leaders are allowed to have every knowledge or information about the fact of the story which the leading characters do not have. This is one of the techniques which is used to keep the readers and audiences above the characters and the actors. It is also an effective tool in encouraging the audiences of the readers to anticipate, fear, and hope the moment when any character would come to know about the real fact of the situation of which the audiences of the readers are already aware. Assingment Help will now explain you the same with the help of an infographic.
Difference between situational, verbal, and dramatic irony
Dramatic irony can also be defined as a type of irony in which we can see the audience has all the information regarding the plot of a story or a movie or a play or even poetry than the actual characters or actors of the work. It takes place when the readers of the audiences know something about the actors of characters of any literary works on the movie. If we consider a suspense horror movie, we can see that the audience might know about the killer but the other characters and the actors of the movie do not know that killer.
This is a situation where dramatic irony gets created by the movie maker. If the character already knows about the presence of the killer, the suspense will not be retained throughout the end of the story point. To create suspense, the author or the moviemaker uses dramatic irony as a literary device or an effective stylist tool. Suspense is created when the actors of the characters do not know about the presence of the killer in a particular room. The characters are seen to be entering the room without knowing the killer’s presence, this creates suspense and keeps the audiences or readers encouraged or interested at the end of the story.
There is a difference between verbal and situation and irony dramatic irony. In the case of situation and irony, the contradiction is created between the actual and expected events. One example can be used to make situation situational irony clearly understood. For example, an individual might expect something to happen which does not occur. This is situational irony. In the case of verbal irony, we can see the contradiction takes place between what is said and meant.
The contrast between the figurative and literal meaning is created by using overstatement, sarcasm, and understatement. This irony is known as verbal irony because here the intention hidden in any a dialogue or speech is the opposite of what is meant. The speaker, in this case, is not thrilled by the actual event. But in the case of situational irony, the contradiction takes place between what happens and what is being expected. Coincidence and situation and irony are different aspects. Verbal irony does not need and expectation or anticipation. The expectation which is contradicted forms situational irony. Dramatic irony is also used in creating turning points in the story or movies. The use of dramatic irony is used to create suspense for readers and audiences. Assignment Experts will now tell you some of the popular examples.
Some popular examples of Dramatic Irony
Dramatic irony can also be observed in a different place. In a play, the audiences can watch the incidents or events directly and they can give their reactions to any particular insight where dramatic irony can be seen. In one of the famous plays, Hamlet one such popular dramatic irony can be observed. In Act 2 of the play, Hamlet devised a plan to see whether his uncle has killed his father or not. This is an example of “play within a play” in which the players of the play would act out the plan of murder which Hamlet would believe to have occurred.
The uncle of Hamlet, Kind Claudius does not have any knowledge of the plot but the audience had the idea of the plot planned by Hamlet. This makes the audience to wait till the end to watch whether Hamlet’s plan gets plotted or not. Here, we can see the use of dramatic irony. The audiences even after knowing the fact would wait for the entire play to get completed because they are only given some information above the actual characters or actors of the play but they are not provided with any other information.
In this way, the author of the play has created intrigue by the use of dramatic irony. Therefore, from this example, it can be said that dramatic irony is a type of irony which takes place when the readers and the audiences have the idea or information of something which the other characters do not have. This creates interests and suspense in the audiences and the readers.
In Romeo and Juliet, we all can see that Romeo commits suicide with the thought that Juliet is dead. But Juliet was not dead and this fact is known by the audiences and the readers. In Macbeth, King Duncan has been observed to have trusted Macbeth but the audiences have the actual information which says that Macbeth is planning a plot to kill King Duncan.
Oedipus is another famous example of dramatic irony where Oedipus has been observed to have wished to expose the murderer of Laius who was the former King. The audience knows that the actual killer is Oedipus. But Oedipus himself does not have the knowledge that he murdered the king. In another famous story of Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, it has been shown that an old brought an apple to snow-white intending to kill her.
The audiences know that the old woman is the wicked queen. But Snow White does not know the fact and unknowingly she buys the Apple, takes it, and falls. In a famous movie, Beauty and the Beast, another excellent example of dramatic irony can be seen. The audiences from the beginning of the film know that the beast is nothing but the prince. But the character Belle does not know the same.
Why dramatic irony?
Dramatic irony is used in creating unfolded episodes and situations of characters. It is used mainly because the authors or the movie makers want to retain the curiosity in the audiences or the readers. In this case, the audiences or the readers are provided with the important and needful information so that they could have the knowledge of something above the actors and characters of the literary works which helps the audiences to think about the storyline or to anticipate the ending of the story.
The audiences also wait for the situations and events of the story to take place which keeps them attached with the play or story or theatre or movie. Dramatic irony is also used in creating tragedy. The readers become ready to sympathize with the leading actors or the characters. The irony is mainly used in developing an understanding of innocent and honest people and emphasizes on demonstrating pitiful consequences of any kind of misunderstandings. It also focuses on the fatality of any kind of incomplete understanding or misunderstandings.
Dramatic irony mainly takes place in literature where the audiences have some information more than the actors of the characters in the narratives have. The readers of any poem or the spectators of any play have the information which at least the leading characters or actors are unaware of. This impacts the interests of the audiences and readers. For example, the readers or the audiences might be aware of any trap of which the other characters are not aware of.
This creates tension or suspense and therefore, the audiences are encouraged to wait until the story or movie ends. This is mainly used in creating either suspense or humour. In creating tragedies, the authors or the movie makers also use dramatic irony. In the famous movie of Titanic by James Cameron, the audiences know that the ship is going to hit the iceberg but they cannot help the characters of the movie by intimating them about the fact. The audiences have to wait until the end of the movie to watch the sequences and the story.
In Friends, Rachel just after giving birth to Emma, thinks that she has been proposed by Joey but the audiences know that Joey was identified the lost ring from the pocket of Ross and did not have any intention to propose Rachel. Various humorous instances have been observed with the use of dramatic irony where the audiences have all the information and they waited to watch the final ending of the movie.
There are several examples like The Merchant of Venice or Animal Farm. These are the famous examples where we can see dramatic irony creating the magical moments and encouraging the audiences and the readers to wait till the end of the storyline.
Use of Dramatic Irony and suspense
The authors can use dramatic irony for different purposes. They can either want to increase tension or suspense within the audiences and readers or to make them feel the touch of tragedy which is about to take place. There are several dramatic ironies where humour is the main subject. The characters are found to believe something to be real or true which is not the case, it can create enormous humorous instances or scenes entertaining the audiences and the readers. In suspense, the role of dramatic irony is very essential.
In Hitchcock movies, we can see that the use of dramatic irony is quite common. The readers of the audiences know the actual murder or the killer but the characters of the leading actors of the movie do not have such information. This creates tension, curiosity, and suspense in the audiences or readers. Suspense is achieved by dramatic irony where the audiences are provided with information about any threats which the characters do not have.
Classic examples can be given from Hitchcock’s works where suspenseful situations get created by the help of dramatic irony. In horror movies or suspense thrillers, the audiences are given a privileged position where they are provided with a perception about the threads. The wellbeing of any character can get threatened by any incident of which the audiences are aware of. But the audiences cannot intimate the characters and there they develop a sense of tension or fear or suspense.
This helps the movie makers for the authors to attract to the storyline until the end. In suspense, comma information is provided to the audiences so that they can keep the audience was involved and engaged in any action and this works effectively in situations that the story lacks any substantial dramatic issue. For more help related to this topic or any other subjective and assignment help, our Instant Assignment experts are always there for you.