Broaden Your Knowledge of the Different Kinds of Writing


Students often get the task of writing assignments, research papers, essays, and other academic stuff. They try hard to score well in academic writing tasks, but many of them often fail miserably. So what could be the possible reason behind the low grades? One possibility is that your assignment information is incorrect. In this case, you need to change your source of information. The second reason would be that you are not aware of the different types of writing. This problem can be solved here. We will be discussing various types of writing in this blog. Your way of writing makes a big impact and difference on your scores. The better you express yourself with words, the better your chances of scoring high. If you want to improve your grades, then you must definitely look into this information. 

So let’s see, read and understand what’s in this blog post further for you. I am sure by the end you will and get in-depth information regarding the types of writing.

Also Read: Writing Techniques: Why its important to the writers

The Different Types of Writing Styles

The requirement and goals of your writing will determine your writing style. Expository, persuasive, descriptive, and narrative are the four most popular types of writing. Let’s just discuss and know each of them in a detailed manner.

(1) Expository

This style of writing attempts to relay facts for the sole purpose of spreading information. This piece’s main purpose is to teach the readers by solving questions like what, why, when, who, and how. This type of writing is common in textbooks, research papers, news stories, encyclopedias, and instruction manuals.

Key Points:

  • It usually explains something in a process.
  • It is often equipped with facts and figures.
  • It is usually in a logical order and sequence.

When Would You Use Expository Writing?

  • Textbook writing
  • How-to articles
  • Recipes
  • News stories
  • Business, technical, or scientific writing.

Types of Expository Writing Styles

  1. Cause and effect : In cause and effect expository writing, the writer describes why something has happened and what its after-effects. Consequences or effects could be negative as well as positive. For instance, if one is describing the tornado then in that description, provides the aftermath description as well. Such as casualties, timing, climate change, etc.
  2. Problem and solution: Here, the writer provides an analysis of the problems and also offers several solutions for them. For example, if one is describing the problem of recession, then he/she needs to provide several solutions for it as well. 
  3. Compare and contrast: In such type of expository writing, one has to expose the similarities and differences of the object, event, place, or people. For example, you can write about two political personalities and list their differences and similarities. 
  4. Definition and classification: In definition writing, a writer has to provide an explanation of the important terms used in the piece of writing. One can write definition essays on themes such as love, hate, humor, kindness, etc. In classification  ype of expository writing, the writer has to classify the ideas, characters, or events into groups or in different categories. One can use such type of writing while writing an essay on any topic of biology.
  5. Process: Process writing is a form of writing where you have to describe a process in a step-by-step manner. For example, if you are writing a cooking recipe, you need to describe the processes involved in it.

(2) Persuasive

In persuasive writing, the writer attempts to convince a reader of a certain idea or position on an issue. Persuasive writing does not include simply stating other people’s opinions. This is all about expressing your own commentary to the general public. In order to convince others to trust your words, you must present valuable evidence. Persuasive writing is common in editorials, speeches, business ideas, complaints, critiques, and reviews.

Key Points:

  • Persuasive writing is equipped with reasons, arguments, and justifications.
  • In this piece, the author takes a stand and asks you to agree with his or her point of view.
  • It often asks readers to do something about the situation (this is called a call-to-action).

When Would You Use Persuasive Writing?

  • Opinions and editorial newspaper pieces
  • Advertisements
  • Reviews (of books, music, movies, restaurants, etc.).
  • A letter of recommendation
  • Letter of complaint
  • Cover letters

Different Types of Writing in Persuasive Style

  • Logos: In this type of persuasive writing, one has to use facts and figures to convince the audience with the argument raised. An author may use statistics, charts, graphs to create a good impact on the audience. 
  • Pathos: This is an appeal to emotions, so while using this, you need to manipulate the reader’s emotions. For instance, you have seen in various charity messages, they provide a description that evokes emotions in new. 
  • Ethos: Ethos appeal to character. Here the writer shows himself/herself as a character and uses own virtues into the mind of the reader. Such types of persuasive technique one can see in celebrity advertisements.

Also Read: How to write a persuasive text?

(3) Descriptive

This writing style attempts to describe a particular action, object, person, place, event, or sense. Here, the description is often more romantic, extraordinarily detailed, personal, and subjective. However, its main goal is to allow the reader to sense, imagine, and feel everything. To make it easier for you, let’s understand it clearly. An expository description of the moon, for instance, will state its size, perceived color, consistency, and sound relatively scientific. On the other hand, a descriptive writer will describe all of that but also relate the emotions felt, state the memories summoned, assign it unique and arguable characteristics, and perhaps even observe some introspective truth. Descriptive writing truly attempts to capture the reader’s attention fully. The descriptive style of writing is common in poetry, diaries, parts of larger stories, and love letters.

Key Points:

  • It is often poetic.
  • It describes places, people, events, situations, or locations in a highly detailed manner.
  • The author visualizes what he or she sees, hears, tastes, smells, and feels.

When Would You Use Descriptive Writing?

  • Poetry
  • Writing a journal or diary
  • Nature writing
  • Novels and fiction 
  • Songs

Different Types of Descriptive Writing

Descriptive writing has several types. These types are based on the description. Three major types of descriptive writing styles are 

  • Talking about a person: While describing a person, you need to tell everything about him or her. You have to go deep inside his/her psyche and describe every minute detail. 
  • Writing about an object: Similar to a person’s description, when you describe an object, you need to tell everything about the object. Describe the colour, reference of the object in the story, whether an object is having any symbolism or not.
  • Describing a place: When you are describing the place, make it vivid. The reader must feel that he/she is living in that place. Read gothic literature and you will find how the description of a place add essence in the whole work.

(4) Narrative

Narrative writing is usually fictional but can be non-fictional as well if presented correctly. In narrative writing, the writer’s main purpose is to share his information with others. Here, the story is central, not the facts. Narrative writing focuses on telling a story and is often found in novels, screenplays, plays, short stories, and history.

Key Points:

  • A person tells a story or event.
  • It has characters and dialogue.
  • They have definite and logical beginnings, intervals, and endings.
  • This often leads to situations like actions, motivational events, and disputes or conflicts with their eventual solutions.

When Would You Use Narrative Writing?

  • Novels
  • Short stories
  • Novellas
  • Poetry
  • Autobiographies or biographies
  • Anecdotes
  • Oral histories

Types of Narrative Writing

  • Descriptive narrative: The descriptive narrative provides ideas, details, as well as images. The purpose of descriptive writing is to create a sense of the setting of time and place. It can also convey the mood and tone of the whole scenario.
  • Viewpoint narrative: The purpose of viewpoint narrative is to provide the Insight of narrating character to the readers. The main purpose of viewpoint narration is to describe the feelings, desires and values of the narrator. 
  • Historical narrative: The historical narrative is used in various types of biography, autobiography and historical subgenres such as romance and world war fiction. Historical narrative talks about the events that have happened in the past. These also shows the historical process, how events occurred together and form a chain of reactions.
  • Linear narrative: In this type of narration, the writer tells about the events in the sequential form. The purpose of such type of narration is to show a pattern and a chain of cause and effects.
  • Non-linear narrative: There are narratives that do not follow any type of sequence. They are non-chronological. The purpose of writing a non-linear narrative is to express the emotional state and conscious mind of the writer. Such narration is best to build up suspense in the story.

As a student, you should take care of the work you are doing. For instance, if you are a student of literature and are writing a research paper, then your focus should be more on the descriptive style of writing. If you are a critic or you have to make a speech, then adopt the argumentative or persuasive style of writing. Scientific research requires expository writing styles. Understanding this, on the whole, can be quite difficult in that case you can also get essay assignment help from the experts.

Steps to Become a Good Writer

If you are a writer who wants to improve your writing or thinking to become a writer, then you must continue your reading. The five steps that can make you a fine writer are discussed here. These techniques will improve your writing skills and make you a good writer.

STEP 1 : Collecting Information 

First, you need to collect information to put in your matter. Various sources of information are:

  • Conversation with others: Once you have made up your mind to write on a topic, your mind needs a gestation period. During this gap, arrange for a conversation with others. Those people should be well-versed in that subject. Such kind of conversation helps you to put your idea in a nutshell. Later you can filter out the points needed for your write-up in hand
  • Internet: We are fortunate enough that we are living in an era of technological advancement. Internet has brought the whole world to our site. Make use of it. Get actively involved. Search for the information on the internet; the question on ‘Quora’; listen to the lectures like ‘TED TALK’ on ‘YouTube’; search on Google. Make use of this gifted source to collect information.
  • Books: You can search in your book collection or go to the library or borrow from friends. Read them. Take notes, and jot down new dimensions or new ideas related to your topic.
  • Observation:. Writers needs to observe more. So, Enhance your observation skills and do wonders. If the content for observation is not available in the immediate surroundings, then, care to come out of the comfort zone and observe. For example: If you are going to write about birds and you happen to live in a flat; then, go out to the garden, bird sanctuary, or nearby forest to watch birds.

STEP 2: Start Assembling

You have got all the parts needed for your writing. Now, it’s time to assemble and re-assemble the matter to harmonize with the reader’s taste or to suit the purpose that it has to fulfill.

  • Frame an outline: This means deciding about the various parts pertaining to the category of your write-up. Example: If you are working on an Essay, then, the parts of an Essay would be Introduction, main body (divided into different paragraphs), and conclusion. For a story, the parts will be like the genre, plot, central idea, characters, etc.
  • Mind Map: Draw the mind map in your notebook. This should be the collection of data, and the creation of ideas or opinions. It will enhances your energy and allows you to visualize your work thoroughly.
  • Drafting: Great! Now, it’s time for the nib to slide on the paper with your words. ‘As you sow, so shall you reap.’ So, before writing the actual thing you must first write a draft. You will be writing incessantly till you complete it. Enjoy this ‘joy ride.’ Once you complete it, you may feel on top of the world.
  • But, wait! It’s not yet done.

STEP 3: Reassemble

This is the most important step missed by many. Before submitting check on the below-given steps. Wait for some hours or a day, until you get urge to re-write it. (If you don’t get it, then too, you need to motivate yourself to do it. Step 3 needs the following actions to be taken up:

  • Rework: This time, it will not be as heavy work as the first time. You have to just work on the loopholes that are breaking the link or looking unnecessary. 
  • Re-frame: After writing now your write-up needs to be re-framed with the additions and omissions. Sometimes, for the betterment of the written work, some ideas, opinions, or characters are to be removed even if they are very dear to you. 
  • Re-assemble: A diamond needs repeated polishing to reveal its real quality. Likewise your writing needs to reassembled to reach your readers effectively. This process will get the urge to make your readers read it, appreciate and enjoy it.
  • Review & Repeat: Never forget to review what you have written. You have to check it once again to ensure that you have not made any errors in it. Consider the points given below:
  1. Check if there are any repeated words and replace them with a synonym.
  2. Break a Complex or a Compound sentence into a simple sentence.
  3. Check the grammar part and errors.
  4. Find out if there are any more variations that can be brought out.
  5. Question yourself if the ideas or opinions or the role of characters are clear or not.
  6. Review and repeat if needed.

STEP 4: Proofread

Before you publish it, take opinions from your friends and family. Allow them to speak out their mind. Respond to their genuine remarks and simantaneoulsy make the required changes.

STEP 5: Publish it to the audience

The last step is to decide on a future plan for it. How are you going to see it grow and reach your readers? Because the sole purpose of writing is to communicate ideas to the audience, if it is a speech, essay,, or article, then it is “ready-to-present.” If it is a novel, drama,, or collection of short stories, etc., in such a case, you need the support of editors, critics, and publishers to groom it further. For students, writing is like a window to their thoughts. That is why it is important for students to learn the best writing style. If you want to know more, you can get assistance from the ‘do my assignment‘ services.

Also Read: How to Write a Rhetorical Essay – Learn from the Best Essay Writers

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Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What are the advantages of writing in hand, and why should students use it?
Answer: Writing by hand has a number of advantages, including the ability to reduce stress, foster creativity and word knowledge, and improve memory. The kids must use their hands to write since doing so will help them concentrate.
Question 2: How do I become a creative writer?
Answer: To become a creative writer, you must always think critically and use your imagination in all situations since creative writing is something that is always outside the box.

By Susan White

Hi, I am Susan White. I am a Senior Marketing Executive and Content Editor at For the past few years I have been working with this company. I hope you liked the post above from one of our team members. If you want to share any improvements or want some more on this blog, please share your request on our email have been in this academic industry for a very long time. You can know more about me from my LinkedIn profile. Below are some of my achievements that I prize:- Successfully published five academic research papers in the marketing field - Assisted hundreds of students get best grades in their courses - Regularly helping my colleagues do their best at their job - Toured several places around the world in the past five years! - A proud mother of a kid! :)Thank you again for reading this article. I look forward to your feedback and continued support.