English techniques to learn and analyse written text better

Hello friends, If you find it hard to understand the English techniques, then this is the right blog post for you. Once you will read out the content which I have presented here, you will surely understand the techniques better.

Well, understanding and using them in a practical sense are two different things. If you have to make optimum use of English techniques very soon then also you should not worry. Just read the blog, understand these techniques, and then go for expert assignment help Australia learn the right way to use them.

Meanwhile, let me tell you the contents of this blog post. We are going to have a brief description of:

  • What are English Techniques
  • Types of English Techniques
  • How to use English Techniques

Let’s move to the meaning of English Techniques

What are English techniques?


Many of us are able to answer the question ‘what are English techniques.’ Generally,  we don’t have many problems by giving a few names as allegory, satire, parody, etc. But have you ever thought about how many we know the actual purpose of using English techniques in a written text?

Well, some of us think that these English techniques add a kind of artistic value to the text. It is right also, but can you define what English techniques are? If not, then continue to read, and you will surely know the apt definition.

English Technique Definition: English Techniques are the techniques which are used by a writer or speaker to heighten or convey the meaning of something.

Types of English techniques


1. Allegory

Definition of Allegory: An allegory is a type of text that has a different meaning beyond the literal one. Most often, allegories are used to express political situations or morals.

For instance: Young Goodman Brown written by Nathaniel Hawthorne is an example of allegory as it uses the Devil’s staff to defy God and eat the forbidden fruit.

Tip: Have a thought. Are you able to analyse a deeper meaning for the whole story? If yes, then it may be an allegory.

2. Allusion

Definition of Allusion: It is an indirect reference. Most often, the authors allude to things like politics, culture, history and other works of literature.

For instance: When the volcano erupted, the forest was swallowed up in ash and dust like Jonah.” In the Bible, Jonah was swallowed by a whale.

Tip: Do you recognise a reference as being familiar? Congratulations, you caught an allusion!

3. Assonance

Definition: Assonance is the repetition of the vowel sounds within a sentence. Along with consonance, it is a common technique used majorly in poetry.

For instance: Rhea thought she lost her father’s ring, Joseph.

Tip: You can identify assonance, where the vowel sounds rhyme but the endings do not.

4. Characterisation

Definition of characterisation: Characterisation is the way in which a writer describes a character in the whole text. This can be done directly, in which the writer simply says that a certain character has a particular trait, or indirectly, in which the writer conveys what a character does, and you draw your conclusions.

For instance: Rebecca is a soft-spoken girl. She has issues in talking to boys, and never talks too much up in class. The writer has characterised her as being shy.

Tip: Are you learning some or other thing about a character’s personality? If yes, then the character is being characterised.

5. Foil

Definition of foil: A foil is a character who behaves the opposite way in comparison to the other characters in a text. Such a character usually foils the protagonist. However, it is necessary to understand that this does not imply that the foil is the antagonist. In fact, he or she can often be the protagonist’s close friend or family member. This character exists to draw attention to the traits of the character that they are foiling.

For instance: Fredrick is wild and straightforward. His best friend, Edward, is simple and boring. You’ll notice Fredrick’s reckless behaviour even more because the difference between him and Edward is so huge.

Tip: Does this character highlight some other character’s traits because both of them acts differently? If yes, then he or she is a foil.

6. Genre

Definition of the genre: The genre of a story is the basic category that it falls into. Common genres include science fiction, fantasy, romance, historical fiction, and non-­‐fiction. Storytelling elements and devices like mood, style, tone, and theme all contribute to the genre.

For instance: Many of Edgar Allan Poe’s works are horror stories. This is because they carry suspense and has a dark set up. Also, they deal with things like madness and death.

Tip: Every story around us has a genre. It’s up to you how to figure out which one it is. Focus at the subject matter, the things and other relevant literary devices to find some clues.

7. Motif

Definition: A motif is a reoccurring image or idea that has a deeper meaning. Among the other English techniques, this one is slightly stronger than a symbol as it occurs more than once, but not quite as big as a theme, although it might contribute to the theme.

For instance: Jack goes on a journey alongside a forest, and he continues to see owls as he travels. Every time he sees one, he reminds his mother who told him that owls are a sign of wisdom and good fortune.

Tip: If you keep finding the same object throughout the text and it seems to be important, it’s probably a motif.

8. Onomatopoeia

Definition: Onomatopoeia is referred to as the words that sound like the noises they express.

For example Words like splash, babble, boom, buzz, crash, sizzle, warble, gurgle, hiss, mumble and zap.

Tip: If noise’s name sounds like the noise itself, it’s onomatopoeia.

9. Stream of consciousness

Definition of a stream of consciousness: Authors use a stream of consciousness style of writing to mimic the way we think inside our own heads. This technique often ignores normal punctuation and grammatical structure.

For instance: Okay, while I’m at the store I need to pick up milk, birthday candles, and…ugh, what else? Oh yeah, flowers! I hope Lynette likes roses. Did I make our dinner reservation yet? I should call to confirm. Ah, here are the candles!

Tip: Are the character’s thoughts jumping from place to place in a rapid way that doesn’t totally make complete sense? If so, the author is using a stream of consciousness.

10. Parody

Definition: A parody is a text that copies the style of another text but changes certain details in a humorous way in order to draw attention to how absurd they are. The difference between parody and satire is that satire is more critical while parody is usually done just for laughs.

For instance: Pride and Prejudice and Zombies is a book that incorporates zombies into Jane Austen’s world.

Tip: Does the text make you laugh because it’s an exaggerated imitation of something else? It’s probably a parody.

11. Satire

Definition: Satire is the comedic ridicule of someone’s flaws or shortcomings in order to draw attention to a specific issue. The difference between satire and parody is that typically, parodies are strictly meant to be funny while satire often attempts to supplement the humour with a call to action to create social change.

Example: Saturday  Night  Live is full of skits that satirise political figures. The cast of the show dresses up as people such as Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton and then mocks their speech patterns and mannerisms in a way that is lightly critical.

Tip: If it makes you laugh but also makes you question what exactly is being made fun of and why it’s satire.

12. Pathetic fallacy

Definition of pathetic: Pathetic fallacy is the attribution of human traits to non-­‐humans, especially the weather or other elements within nature. It is a type of personification.

For instance: The dark, heavy clouds looked pregnant with rain.

Tip: Is a natural phenomenon being described in a human way? The author is probably using a pathetic fallacy. Also, keep in mind that “pathetic” here does not mean sad and pitiful.

13. Simile

Definition of simile: A simile is a comparison between two seemingly unlike things that use words such as “like,” “as,” or “than.”

For instance: She was as welcome as a fart in an elevator.

Tip: If you see two different things being compared and the words “like” or “as” between them, it’s probably a simile.

14. Metaphor

Definition of Metaphor: A metaphor is a comparison between two seemingly different things. You are encouraged to notice the resemblance between these objects because one word or phrase is literally replaced by another word or phrase.

For instance: The child was a monkey, climbing all over the table and chairs and screaming at the top of his lungs.

Tip: If what’s being described is not literally happening but instead makes a judgement on the similarity between the two things, that’s a metaphor.

Difference between simile and metaphor


mostly, people confuse between simile and metaphor, if you also find them alike then let me tell you that they are very different from each other, here is the difference:

A simile is a comparison using the word “like”, for example: as light as a feather. This sentence is comparing the light of something with a feather. Whereas in a metaphor, you say that something is something else. For example, You lit up my life. This sentence is simply saying that someone is bringing them joy.

15. Verse

Definition of the verse: Verse is a form of writing in which the structure of the text is just as important as the text itself. Those who write verse will pay attention to things like rhyme scheme and meter, while those who write in prose will not.

For instance:   I think that it could be worse, but these lines are a nice little clue,

Of what verse should look like to you!

Tip: It’s probably versed If it’s written in anything besides paragraphs.

16. Truncated sentence

Definition of a truncated sentence: Truncated sentences are a kind of shortcut that writers use when the rest of a sentence’s meaning can be implied.

For example: If you say, “I like dogs more than Jane,” you’re most likely meaning that you adore dogs more than Jane likes cats. Not that you don’t like Jane.

Tip: If you could some words at the end to make it clearer, it may be a truncated sentence.

17. Zeugma

Definition of Zeugma: Zeugma is when the author uses a word that has numerous meanings for different phrases in the same sentence.

For instance: Jennet lost her purse and her mind. “Lost her purse” literally means that she misplaced it, however, “lost her mind” means she went crazy and is a figure of speech.

Tip: Did you pause for a while to be sure that you read it right because the phrases didn’t quite flow? The writer might have used zeugma.

18. Tone

Definition of tone: Tone is a way that the writer or a character shows opinion towards something. Tone can be both negative or positive, but it can also be other things such as satirical, light-­‐hearted, nostalgic or reverent.

For instance: The tone in a news article should be natural and neutral both because a journalist doesn’t intend to sway the readers’ opinions.

Tip: The language that is utilised will give you a clue about the way a writer or speaker feels.

19. Symbol

Definition of a symbol: A symbol is an object in a text that has a deeper meaning beyond what it actually is. The English techniques of using symbols can be seen in some classic symbols like certain flowers, colours, foods, and the weather, but writers often make symbols that are particular to individual stories.

For instance: Water is often linked to things like purity, cleansing, and rebirth.

Tip: Most of the stories have different symbolic items throughout. Though, don’t be too eager to try too hard to find out them. At times a red curtain is red just because the writer felt like it. Most often, symbolism is fairly obvious in most of the texts. 

20. Sarcasm

Definition of sarcasm: Sarcasm is the use of words that mean the opposite of how someone actually feels, usually either to show disdain or to achieve a comedic effect.

For instance: I just love getting stuck in the crowd. It is the best feeling ever!

Tip: It can be tough to catch the sarcasm in written form, so don’t worry too much, but if it appears that a character is mocking another person, it is probably sarcasm.

21. Metonymy

Definition of metonymy: Metonymy is the act of referring to an object or something by a closely related object rather than by its own name.

For instance: Saying that “We will swear loyalty to the crown” doesn’t mean that people are going to be ruled by a crown and consider an object as their leader. It means the people are addressing a royal person.

Tip: Do not confuse yourself if the literal meaning sounds slightly off, it’s metonymy. Synecdoches are exceptions, so work on identifying the difference between both. 

22. Juxtaposition

Definition of Juxtaposition: Juxtaposition is when two different objects or concepts are placed near to each other. This is usually done to highlight the differences between them, much like how a foil works. Juxtaposition can appear as an element of the story or part of the writing itself.

For instance: A wealthy person is having a lavish party that displays tons and tons of wastefulness, and across the street, there is a poor family who is struggling to survive.

Tip: If you can see the differences between two things more clearly after they’ve been thrown together, it’s because they were juxtaposed.

 23. Foreshadowing

Definition of foreshadowing: Foreshadowing is when the author drops hints about something that will be more meaningful later in the story.

For instance: Fred mentions offhand that he’s allergic to peanuts in chapter two. In chapter nineteen, he is accidentally served something with peanuts in it and almost dies.

Tips: You might not necessarily notice that something is foreshadowing when you first read through a text, but once you know the ending, it should be pretty clear.

24. Imagery

Definition of imagery: Imagery is when authors use language to evoke one or more of the five senses in a strong, descriptive way.

For instance: He was so distracted by the warm, sweet smell of baking cookies that he tripped and fell down the rough stone staircase.

Tip: Can you almost see, smell, touch, taste, or hear what’s happening? If so, the author used very vivid imagery.

25. Pun

Definition of a pun: A pun is a humorous play on words that creates multiple layers of meaning in a sentence.

For instance: Did you hear about the psychic dwarf who escaped from prison? They say that there’s a small medium at large.

Tip: If it makes you laugh and groan at the same time, it’s a pun.

How to use English techniques?


Now, when you have read about all the English techniques, its time know how to use them.

Write in a natural way

Whenever you write, you’re using English techniques– even if you are not aware of this fact! This is because there are some English techniques which are naturally a part of everyday speech. This is why they come into our writing as well. So, what you need to do is to don’t fill them forcibly in your text. They will come into it naturally.

Readout carefully


You must be having some favourite writers. Go through their work in a bit serious manner. Well, I am not saying that you are not a good reader. Just asking you to focus on identifying the English techniques while reading. Every writer uses the above-listed English techniques.

You just have to pay close attention to them. You will have to keep track of the English techniques while you read them.  As you get good at identifying literary devices, try to see how they are used. Check out how the writer uses many English techniques to contribute to the overall effect of the story or poem in the written text.

Give time to learn English techniques

The English techniques have their own tricks and advantages. Trust me; no one is perfect in all the techniques. The only way to learn perfectly is to keep practising.  Be patient, and continue to practice. You will surely improvise steadily. Try to learn a new English technique in a definite interval, say in a week. Along with this incorporate it into your own daily writing.


This blog post started with a motive to know the English techniques in a better way. English techniques are often termed as, literary techniques or literary devices. They are the best way to make any written text interesting and influential equally. If you want people to connect with whatever you are writing, read more and more about these techniques and practice them in day-to-day writing.

The English techniques such as alliteration, simile, metaphor, pun, juxtaposition, etc. add value to the text. In this blog post, you have already got a brief description of how to use them. There are only three things to remember while writing: writing in a natural way, secondly read carefully whatever you read and lastly practice English techniques more and more.

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Be it any issue regarding the process of writing, bring it to us, and we will surely provide you with the best assignment help which will help you to write better. Our writers can help students with customised writings and valuable tips for becoming a better writer. So, if you want perfect services from a reliable team, we are always here to help. Thanks for staying connected. Hope you have learned English techniques and will use them with perfection.

By Susan White

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