Education, Health & Nursing

Child psychology – A vital branch of Psychology

Child-psychology

Hello friends, today I will be discussing a very important branch of psychology, i.e. Child Psychology. Psychology is a course having extensive career options for students. Nowadays, a great number of students are heading towards this course. They find it difficult, but an interesting one also. What makes this course interesting is the depth of this course. But assignments and thesis can sometimes become burdensome in this course. To overcome those issues, students take online assignment help.

According to me, it’s a wise decision to take help from the experts. So if you are a student, you are going to get great information about everything which one should know about Child psychology in this blog. But before taking you directly towards child psychology, take an overview of what is Psychology, so that you can easily understand the topic.

What Is Psychology?

Psychology is a study of the psyche, also known as mind. It studies the human mind and behavior and reaction to different stimuli. When you research any branch of psychology, your sole purpose would be to understand and explain how people think, act and feel. Psychologists also study the factors that can influence the above-mentioned activities of the human mind.

Applications for psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics, and many other areas affecting health and daily life. It is difficult to put together everything that psychology holds in a small definition. Topics like development, personality, thoughts, feelings, emotions, motivations, and social behaviors these all are the small area of psychology which helps to understand, predict, and explain human psyche.

We are living in the twenty-first century, and still many stereotypes are present regarding psychology. There are a lot of misconceptions people have for this. Some popular television shows depict psychologists as brain readers. They read the human mind and solve crimes and predict what criminal is going to do next. Some of the traditional soaps portray psychologist as a wise man, sitting around the books, listening to the plight of clients and solving the mental disturbances.

Let’s get to know more about Psychology

The truth is that these movies hold some truth but not the complete one. There is a lot more in it. More than you can imagine. There is a diverse range of career path one can go for when he/she do psychology. There is a lot of work psychologists do what one can never think of. In every field nowadays psychologist is required.

I do not deny the fact that psychologists help to solve criminal cases and resolves mysterious murders and also deals with mental health issues. However, some psychologists create a healthier workplace atmosphere. Some psychologists develop and help in the implementation of health programs. Some help in creating air safety tips, computer designs, help in armed forces. The basic goals of every psychologist are to help describe, explain, predict, and influence human behavior.

Different Specialty Areas in Psychology

child-psychology

Psychology is a wide field and has a huge amount of diversity with time and researches various new areas in it have emerged. The following are some of the major areas of research and application within psychology:

Abnormal psychology

This area of psychology studies abnormal behavior of mind. Here in this, psychologists treat a variety of mental conditions and disorders. The treatment is done with psychotherapy and clinical psychology.

Biological psychology

This area of psychology is also called as biopsychology, and the aim is to study how biological processes have an impact on our mind. This is similar to neuroscience and uses tools like MRI and PET scans to have a look at the functioning of the brain.

Clinical psychology

This area focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of various mental disorders. This area is one of the largest areas for employment in psychology.

Cognitive psychology

This area studies cognition that is through the process of the human brain. Topics that come under this area are memory, perception, decision making, language acquisition, decision making and various more.

Comparative psychology

This branch of psychology is focused on animal behavior. Researches can lead to a profound understanding of human nature.

Developmental psychology

As the name suggests, this area studies the development of human in his/her lifetime. Theories often focus on the development of cognitive abilities, morality, social functioning, identity, and other life areas.

Forensic psychology

This area of psychology is used to solve criminal cases with the help of researches and principles.

Industrial-organizational psychology

You can understand with the name that this branch will help in the development of a healthy environment in workplaces. This helps in employee selection, enhancing performance.

Personality psychology

This branch of psychology focuses on the development of personality, thought process, behavior, attributes. This also focuses on things that make a unique identity of each.

Social psychology

This area looks out how social influences shape one’s behavior. This also studies group behavior. Topics covered by social psychologists include attitudes, prejudice, conformity, and aggression.

Child psychology

This area of psychology studies child behavior and development. It focuses on the development of a child from an infant stage to adolescence. It helps the parents to understand the child more effectively and make the bond strong. Let’s now learn a bit more about it.

What is Child Psychology?

So far I have given you a good description of psychology. You can see that above I have given you an overview of psychology. Now, this blog will focus on the most talked branch of psychology. I am talking about child psychology. So read below to understand more about this branch of psychology.

Being a parent, it’s your first responsibility to understand your child. When you understand your child only then you can be effective in guiding and nurturing your child when he/she grow and mature. As a parent, you should be aware of your child’s unique trait which remains constant throughout life.

There are several ways by which you can develop an understanding between your child and you. For instance, check the sleeping, eating patterns, what activities they love to do, whether they can adapt in the new atmosphere or not or do they required more or less time to get acquainted with others. These observations tell a lot about your child, and one must look out for these things.

Talking to your child is also an important and crucial part of good parenting. When you talk with him/her, you both share a bond. It will create an open space for communication where you can share any feelings. If your child is young, then you need to talk more with your facial expressions and body language than verbal language. This will build confidence between the child and the parent.

Definition

Child psychology is a branch of Psychology and one of the most studied areas in psychology. This branch of psychology focuses on the child psyche. This branch of psychology studies the mind and behavior of a child from prenatal development to adolescence. The subject deals with the emotional, mental and social development of a child. Psychologists discover that child psychology is unique and complex. They have questions in mind regarding their experiences. They argue whether early experiences matter more or later ones, or whether nature or nurture plays a greater role in child development.

Areas of child psychology – what they teach us?

child-psychology

Development

Child development is divided into three broad categories: Physical, cognitive and socio-emotional.

  • Physical development is a stable process and a predictable one too. It refers to body changes and acquiring certain skills. For example, gross motor and fine motor coordination.
  • Cognitive and intellectual development is a process of gaining knowledge by children. It includes language, thought, reasoning and imagination.

A child’s social development is when he learns by relating to others, whereas, emotional development involves feelings.  Trust, fear, confidence, pride, friendship, and humor come under social-emotional development.

For the ease of study and understanding, they may be divided into different categories, but development in one area has a strong influence on the other two. For instance, if someone writes he/she need fine motor skills and cognitive language skills.

Milestones

Developmental milestones are used to trace the progress of a child in various developmental areas. Milestones are the parameters used to a child’s development, to know what an average child can do at a specific age. Knowing the milestones for different ages help Experts to understand the development of a normal child. This further helps in understanding various disorders in children.

Child psychologists usually judge child ability on four main milestones.

  1. Physical milestones: Related to gross and fine motor skills.
  2. Cognitive milestones: Related to a child’s aptitude for learning and problem solving
  3. Socio-emotional milestones:  Child’s ability to show emotions and response to social interaction.
  4. Communication and language milestones: This involves the development of a child’s verbal and non-verbal communication skills.

Behavior

Children are naughty, and impulsive at times, lots of conflicts occur between parents and children. Such kinds of behavior changes are common and normal. These behavior changes are part of the growing process. However, there are children with extreme behavior. Such behavior is not considered normal. There is some behavioral disorder associated with such children. To resolve the issue parents seek help from child psychologists.

In a few cases, such kinds of behavioral issues are acute, or we can say temporary due to a stressful stimulus. But when these extreme behaviors carry for a long time, then it’s not appropriate for the child. This indicates some serious behavioral disorders such as OCD, ADHD, ODD these behavioral disorders have common symptoms, and they can further increase with behavioral problems.

Emotions

Development of emotions involves the understanding of feelings and emotions, why feelings occur to a particular stimulus, recognition of one’s feelings and feelings of others and ways to manage them. These things come under emotional development. The development of emotions begins during infancy and continues into adulthood. The first emotions of babies are joy, anger, first cry, and fear. Then they develop emotions like shyness, surprise shame, etc., late in life. Children learn emotional coping methods and adopt different strategies to manage them.

Emotion regulation is different for different children. Some easily learn to regulate emotions and other face difficulties. Some react to emotions simply whereas some react to any emotion aggressively. Child psychologists must manage those children and help them to overcome the problem of erratic emotions.

Socialization

Social development is almost similar to emotional development. Socialization involves acquiring the skills and knowledge to interact in a social atmosphere. This helps in a positive contribution towards family, school, and community. The initial period of childhood is a period when social development takes place. The child’s primary relationship is with parents. This relationship affects his/her other relationships later in life. When a child goes into a peer relationship, he/she learns to interact more in social conditions. Those children who fail to develop socially face some serious problems later in life. They tend to become aggressive or impulsive. They engage themselves in socially destructive actions. Psychologists try to curb this hostile, aggressive action of these children and make them grow constructively.

Till now you have got enough stuff to get the basic idea of Child psychology. I have told you various areas of this subject. Now, I would like to throw some light upon the academic prospect of Child psychology. In the next section of this blog, you will read why you should make a career in it.

Develop a Career Working with Children

Children fascinate all of no doubt in that. We change a lot during our childhood years. Only fortunate people get the chance to work with children. These fortunate ones see the development of children. Understanding of child psychology helps to predict how children of varied age group will behave and how their present behavior and situations make an impact in the future.

Why Study Child Psychology?

Child psychology is one of the main branches of psychology. If you have a good knowledge of child psychology, you can easily understand children’s behavior. It is helpful in various fields. Teachers can understand how to tackle students; each student is different from his/her capabilities. Parents can be benefitted from the basic knowledge of child psychology. It will help in making a strong bond between the child and parents.

Knowledge of psychology is no doubt a perfect subject if you want to pursue your career working with children. When you enroll yourself in a child psychology course, you will learn various things such as:

  • How do parenting styles influence childhood behavior?
  • At what age can I expect a child to speak?
  • Why do children form attachments with their mothers?
  • How much of a child’s behavior is due to genetics?”, or “How do children learn?

Child psychology will open your critical thinking, observation skills, and analyzing skills. You get encouragement to study like a social scientist. When you include this course as your qualification, you will be better prepared to understand childhood influences on adult life. You will have a broader perspective on life. You will learn how your childhood experiences influence your present life.

Tips for parents to understand their child’s psychology

Parenting does not only mean to provide all the comforts to your child. Good parenting means providing emotional comfort along with a sense of security. Often you might have observed various parents face issues in understanding their children. This leads to a bad connection between a child and parents. There are some tips one can follow to understand a child’s behavior.

Observe

Observation is the first way to learn about your child and what is going through in his/her mind. You have to show interest in your child’s activities. What he/she is saying or doing. Being a parent you need to observe your child’s expressions, temperament, and daily routine. You can ask a few questions from yourself that may help in understanding your child’s psychology.

  • What are the hobbies of your child?
  • How does your child behave when he/she has to do against the will?
  • What does he/she like to do the most in free time?
  • How long does your child take to get familiar with the surroundings or with new people?

You should ask such questions from yourself in order to gain more understanding of your child.

Spend time with your child

The former tip is only possible if you spend more time with your child. Nowadays parents are too busy in their hectic schedules. However, you still have to manage some free time for your child. Time spent at the dinner table is certainly not enough to understand your child. You need to go out with him/her, play with them, etc. This allows you to know more about your child’s psychology. When you start spending some quality time with your child that will lead to a conversation with him/her. Your child will let you know more about his/her personal and school life.

Complete attention

Children demand undivided attention from those who they love, especially from parents. When you decide to spend time with your child, don’t give away that time in other works. That time should be completely devoted to your child. Most parents think that they are spending time with their kids while driving, cooking, etc. But that is not the case, by doing this your attention is divided into other activities as well. Plan out a trip with them, or a day where you and your child can indulge in the sports activity. This will help in getting good insights about your child.

Keep a check on the child’s environment

It has been a proven fact that a child develops his/her behavior the most during the development phase. During this time, parents need to check the environment in which a child is spending most of his/her time. Our behavior shapes our surroundings and the people we meet. If your child is having aggressive behavior or showing fear into his/her behavior, chances are quite high that someone is altering your child’s natural behavior. Therefore, being a good parent you need to see whether the company of your child is good or not.

Have a good understanding of your child’s brain function

Understanding brain functions takes time. It is crucial to know how your child’s brain works. A brain is shaped through different experiences of the past. Your past experiences may have an impact on your response in present situations. You need to understand your child’s brain function through his/her decision-making skills, social, logical and cognitive skills. If your child had negative experiences in life, he/she tends to develop negative behavior in life and have adverse effects on his/her development.

Listen to their stories

We talk a lot most of the time and forget to listen. For a positive conversation, it is vital to listen and understand first and then talk. While having a conversation with your child listen to what they are trying to say. Even if they are wrong, listen to them first completely and then talk to them. Sometimes you need to listen to their stories as well. You may get a good understanding of your child’s behavior through stories they make up or narrates. While listening to their stories focus on the following points.

  • Tone
  • Expressions
  • Body language

Along with listening, let your child know that what they are saying is heard by you also. That means you are taking his/her talks pretty seriously.

These are some tips one can keep in mind while dealing with children. Remember your child’s psychological development depends on parenting. If you want to have a positive development in your child, first starts with yourself. For more understanding related to child psychology visit apa.org.

Lessons of child psychology you would be taught in this course

child-psychology

Child Psychology introduction

  • Levels of child development
  • Isolation of hereditary characteristics
  • Cause vs. correlation
  • Continuity vs. discontinuity

The Newborn Infant

  • The interactionist approach,
  • The range of reaction,
  • Temperament handling,
  • Stimulus-response,
  • Stress and emotional disturbances during pregnancy
  • Niche picking

States and Sensory response of an Infant

  • Sensory discrimination,
  • Infant sleeping, waking, crying styles
  • Reasons to define infant states
  • Habituation,
  • How to relieve a distressed baby,
  • Depth perception

Learning

  • Habituation,
  • Vicarious learning,
  • Classical conditioning,
  • Operant conditioning,
  • Reinforcement,
  • The importance of learning control

Emotions and Socialisation

  • Making an emotional expression
  • Understanding other emotions
  • Smiling
  • Perceptual recognition
  • Biological changes
  • Attachment with mother
  • Freudian approach
  • Bowlby’s approach
  • Social learning approach
  • Harlow’s approach
  • Cognition and how it helps in attachment formation
  • Daycare

Cognitive and Language Development

  • Development of the ability to reason
  • Intelligence
  • Whether language learned or innate
  • Learning social behavior
  • Under and overextending
  • Intelligence measurement
  • Cultural bias
  • IQ

Socialization

  • Social cognition
  • Self and others awareness,
  • empathy development
  • keeping a perspective
  • Social scripts
  • Pretend play
  • Family influence
  • Family structure
  • School influence
  • Peer pressure
  • Acceptance and rejection
  • Reinforcement

Morality and sexuality

  • Moral development
  • Aggression and altruism,
  • Freud, Piaget, and Kohlberg on moral development
  • Freud’s psychosexual stages of development
  • Gender and role identity
  • Psychosocial development

These are the main areas of child psychology which you will study under the course. You may encounter problems in understanding and especially when you have to make assignments. To overcome such issues you can take assignment help online and get rid of it.

Aims of child psychology

  • Determining social as well as environmental aspects for the ideal environment for child development.
  • Child psychology explains in what ways genetics and environmental factors influence a child’s personality.
  • Provide evidence that a particular personality characteristic may be genetically determined.
  • Identify the type of learning in which a stimulus which usually produces an unconditioned response is manipulated to produce a conditioned response, and give an example.
  • It discusses the methods to use operant conditioning in encouraging a child to get socialized.
  • Application of perceptual recognition approach to understanding happiness and fear in infants.
  • Evaluation and explanation of differences between Freud’s, Harlow’s and Bowlby’s approach of mother-child attachment.
  • Explanation of reflection-impulsivity and its significance in cognitive development.
  • Study of strengths and weaknesses of social learning theory in explaining language acquisition.
  • Explanation of why intelligence is or is not overall genetically determined.

Benefits of Studying This Course

All courses have benefits we all know this. I am not going to say that any course or subject is superior to the other one. But, if you select the course according to your abilities, then you will get add-on benefits. It will become an interesting choice to study a course which matches your forte. Further, in this blog, I am not going to tell you which course you should get enrolled in. I will tell you the benefits of this course.

Through mastering child psychology you can learn how children develop psychologically as they mature from infancy through to adolescence, and what factors (such as learning, parenting styles, reinforcement, and genetic makeup) influence their behavior and thinking.
If you work with children, you will gain valuable insights into child behavior and be able to apply your knowledge to real-life situations.

Career Pathways after doing Child psychology

Knowledge of child psychology is most relevant to careers in psychology, counseling, and teaching. However, professionals in many other fields benefit from a deeper understanding of childhood development.

The Child Psychology course is for those who are working in, or willing to work in the following fields:

  • Youth work
  • Child counseling
  • School counseling
  • Teaching
  • Child psychology
  • Social work
  • Childcare

The Child Psychology course can be used as a foundation towards further study and qualifications, or for personal development. It may also be a useful stepping stone for those who are considering becoming involved in working with children – whether as a first career or as a career change. Studying this course could give you a head start you need, and fill you with the inspiration you desire to push on with your plans.

Conclusion

Understanding the emotions of a child is a tricky task. Child psychology is a deep and wide study of a child’s mind. The goal of this field is to study the factors that influence child behavior since the infant stage. This branch of psychology will also help parents to manage child behavior as much as possible.

Insights

Students who are enrolled in this subject can take psychology assignment help from the online writers of allassignmenthelp.com. We have a team of expert writers who can provide you instant help in any branch of psychology. We will help you with those lengthy assignments so that you can complete your course easily. I hope you found this blog helpful. Thanks for reading.

Tagged , , , , ,