How congress bills pass in Assembly – Complete Guide
In the recent times, you have witnessed changes in the rules related to the field of education and others. You may be keen to know how congress bills pass in assembly that later you see as a law. There is certain steps in completing the entire process, we have simplified them for your understanding.
Primary stage – Introduction
– Bill drafting is the first stage. Drafting a bill is something which anyone could do. However, you won’t have the right to sponsor and introduce it in the Congress until you become a congress member yourself. Other option is to request a Congress member to sponsor it. President and a member of the cabinet also have the right to draft a bill, they have to ask a Congress member to introduce it.
– Soon after the introduction of the bill an assigned committee evaluates it. This includes evaluation from the perspective of passing or rejecting the congress bill.
Second stage – Committee review
– Committee refers the bill to the subcommittee to review it well. In this process, they could hold hearings about the bill. Recording of expressed views is a formal practice. However, it is possible to release these views to public too.
– The subcommittee does the job of making changes and amendments in the bill before reporting it to the full committee.
– The full committee also debates about the bill. A collective voting from the committee members set the stage for the bill’s presentation either to the full house or senate.
Third stage- Bill presentation in the house and senate
– The bill sees the House and Senate after the committee approves it by debating and making amendments in it. Here the same procedure of debate and voting follows which results in passing of the bill or not. If only one chamber passes the bill, then it is an “act.”
– Once a chamber passes the bill, it is moved to the second chamber, either house or senate. This chamber has the rights to give approval to the bill or rejection. Furthermore, the concerned chamber can make changes to the bill. However, all of it may not happen if the other chamber already has the legislation in the pipeline.
– The final bill should be identical for both chambers, only then it works. If there is a huge difference between the legislations passed in the both houses, then a bicameral conference committee tries to cut down the differences. Committee members come up with some recommendations for making changes in the bill. If the house and senate do not agree with it, then the legislation does not go further.
Final stage – President approval
– After the chambers approval, president reviews the proposed law. Same could also happen if the bill remains on the president’s desk unsigned for a period of more than 10 days while Congress members are attending the session.
– President also has the right to reject the legislation using the veto power and could send it back to the Congress with an explanation. President must sign the bill within 10 days otherwise, it cannot go further.
– The Congress can also override the president veto power. This takes the bill back to the Congress for a voting. It can become a law by overriding the presidential veto if congress bill gets nod from a two-third majority of the both of the chambers.
This is for the information purpose. Team AllAssignmentHelp hopes that you find it informative and may be able to use it as a reference for your paper writing or essay.