Six Standard Approaches for Co-Teaching


Alternative tasks and more individualised instruction in small-group activities, which co-teaching makes feasible, are beneficial to students at all academic levels. Moreover, co-teaching within a general education framework provides more targeted and individualised training, boosting access to the general education curriculum while reducing stigma for children with exceptional needs. Furthermore, children get the chance to develop their understanding of and empathy for students with special needs. Besides, thanks to the instructors’ mutual support of one another’s professional development and the interchange of instructional strategies, students with special needs are more likely to obtain a consistent education.

In this blog of All Assignment Help, we will learn more about co-teaching and the approaches for co-teaching. Furthermore, in recent times, education standards have evolved much, and much significance is being given to giving better learning experiences to young students. From special students to normal ones, all the students need special attention to make learning effective. However, it could be tiresome for one teacher at times, so to reduce the workload of the teachers and upgrade the quality of teaching, exists co-teaching. Now, let’s discuss more co-teaching and approaches to co-teaching in this blog.

What is Co-Teaching?

In the practice of co-teaching, two teachers share the duties of lesson design, instruction, and student evaluation in a classroom. Moreover, when two teachers are co-teaching, they share equal responsibility and accountability for the classroom. In an effort to make the classroom more inclusive, general education and special education teachers frequently co-teach. Additionally, having two teachers in charge of a classroom allows both the teachers and the students a wide range of options. Besides, co-teaching in an inclusive classroom has a number of advantages.

  • Additional opportunities for one-on-one engagement result in stronger bonds between students and teachers.
  • The general education curriculum, the classroom community, and extracurricular activities that they would not otherwise be able to participate in must all be accessible to students with disabilities under the law.
  • Students can still receive the specialised training they require.
  • The more resources support, and diversity there are in the classroom, the more each student may gain.
  • Greater adaptability for disabled students.
  • Lessons get more powerful and effective because teachers collaborated on lesson planning
  • Teachers can support one another by highlighting one another’s strengths and weaknesses, encouraging comradery, and sharing the workload in the classroom.

Now, let us move further into the topic.

Approaches for Co-Teaching

Integrated co-teaching, also known as collaborative team teaching, is rising in popularity as more schools make the journey to inclusion. However, not all teachers are familiar with the strategies for co-teaching, the necessary teamwork and planning, or the classroom arrangements. Furthermore, teachers from the general education and special education fields collaborate in a classroom for co-teaching. Besides, the six main approaches of co-teaching are as follows. Continue reading to find out more about how each model works, how it appears in a classroom, and when to use it.

One teaches one observes

It is a must for the teachers to observe the students and find out the best ways to help them learn quickly. Moreover, this approach of co-teaching enables teachers to do so effectively. In this method, the teacher could teach the kids, and the co-teacher could observe them. According to the observation, teachers can make strategies for the next lessons, and there is no doubt they will see improvements both in their teaching and students’ learning. In addition to this, one of the best ways to improve students’ learning is to give them enough time and space to understand things. However, due to an increased number of assignments these days, it has become tough for students. So, in such a case, students can use assignment writing help and save time for better learning and understanding of the subject and content.

Advantages of this approach

Permits academic data gathering, student academic collection, and professional support academic data collection, and requires minimum joint planning.

Disadvantages of this approach

The resource teacher may come to be seen as a “glorified helper” with only occasional use.

One teaches and another assist

It is also one of the finest techniques for co-teaching. Here, the teacher can teach the students the main lesson from the whiteboard, and another teacher could help the children in understanding the lesson individually. Moreover, it will allow teachers to be free from having to revise whatever they teach in class. Furthermore, it will also help them in saving quality time.

Advantages of this approach

  • The teacher’s close proximity makes it easier to keep students focused, and students quickly receive personalised assistance.
  • It also saves time when giving materials.
  • Because they are working as process observers and are able to notice behaviour that the teacher leading the lesson cannot, the supporting teacher can stand aside and continue to monitor the other teacher and apply effective teaching techniques.

Disadvantages of this approach

  • From the viewpoint of the students, one teacher seems to have greater power.
  • The difference between a teacher and a teacher’s helper is generally understood by students.
  • It can be bothersome for some students when the teacher moves around during class.
  • Students begin to look forward to receiving one-on-one assistance right away.

Parallel teaching

At times, teachers may have to teach a class with a large number of students. Moreover, it could get tough for them to teach students the way they wish. Hence, the parallel teaching method allows teachers to divide the class into two groups. The next thing is simple, one teacher teaches a group a lesson, and the same lesson is taught by the other teacher to the other group.

Advantages of this approach

  • Planning ahead enhances teaching.
  • It makes it possible for educators to work in smaller teams.
  • Each teacher feels comfortable instructing the same lesson on their own.
  • The necessary students can be separated by splitting the class.

Disadvantages of this approach

  • To ensure that all pupils acquire the material equally, both teachers must be knowledgeable about it.
  • The lesson must progress at the same rate for everyone to finish at the same time.
  • The classroom must have enough room for two groups to roam around unrestrictedly.
  • The volume of the noise must be managed.

Also read: Top 7 Educational Apps for Both Students and Teachers

Station teaching

Station teaching is an approach in which teachers can divide students and content. Moreover, they and their co-teacher, then teach the content to one group of kids and repeat the same to the other students from another group.

Advantages of this approach

  • Every teacher owes it to their students to teach.
  • Working in small groups benefits students, and it allows teachers to cover more content in a shorter amount of time.
  • Due to the active, hands-on learning that students are doing, there are fewer behavioural issues.
  • This strategy makes the most of the volunteers or other adults present by giving pupils who need to work independently of one another the freedom to do so.

Disadvantages of this approach

  • The effectiveness of this strategy depends on careful planning.
  • Before using anything, it needs to be organised and prepared.
  • Each station must be timed so that training concludes at the same hour.
  • At least one group must operate without teacher direction.

Alternative teaching

There could be some children in a class who may not be able to get the hang of a lesson easily and need special attention. Using this method, the teacher can make a group of students with special needs and can focus on those kids as another teacher teaches the standard students.

Advantages of this approach

Meeting the specific needs of the students can be achieved by working with small groups or one-on-one, and both teachers can be present in the classroom so that one can formally observe the other model’s appropriate education.

Disadvantages of this approach

  • Groups must differ in their aims and make-up if they don’t want their members to be labelled.
  • To the children, the teacher in charge of the larger class may appear to be in charge.
  • If two teachers are teaching in the same space, the noise level needs to be kept under control and there needs to be plenty of room.

Team teaching

Teachers can call this approach of co-teaching tag team teaching as well. Here, a teacher and teaching partner teach one lesson to one class at the same time. Moreover, it could be complicated, but having good tuning with the co-teacher could help you. Some of your students may not be able to complete their academic assignments on time. Hence, you can refer a good assignment writing service to such students, and they can get a well-written assignment. Furthermore, using a good assignment service would help your students get good grades and perform better in class as well as in examinations.

Advantages of this approach

  • The students see the two teachers as being on an equal footing and believe that each teacher has a part to perform.
  • The administration and organisation of the classroom are very important to both teachers.
  • This strategy promotes taking chances.
  • Teachers may experiment with things in groups that they wouldn’t undertake on their own.
  • There is strength in numbers.

Disadvantages of this approach

For shared responsibility, it’s crucial to define the teachers’ responsibilities because preparation takes a lot of time.

Also read High-Poverty Schools: No Longer Popular Among Teachers!

Challenges of Co-Teaching and How to Overcome Them

We would not pretend that co-teaching is always easy. Undoubtedly, it is the most rewarding experience but it comes with certain challenges. Moreover, for co-teaching to be successful, these challenges must be overcome. So, here are the top 5 grievances that instructors often get to hear from colleagues.

Challenge one: shared ownership

There is no doubt that a paradigm shift occurs when you go from being the sole authority in your classroom to sharing ownership of the knowledge with another subject matter expert.

How to overcome it

First, alter your wording. Moreover, you will be surprised at how much what you say actually affects what you think. Furthermore, make the classroom a comfortable place for your colleague. If both instructors consider it to be more of their shared environment, it will be easier to visualise it that way.

Challenge two: communication

Ineffective communication might lead to divorce in relationships.

How to overcome it

Improve your speaking intelligibility and pick up some fresh approaches to problem-solving. In addition to this, communication is also the key in any field of life. If you are a student stressing over a number of assignments then you need to communicate well with an expert or pay someone to do assignment for you so that you can save time and focus better on taking care of your communication skills.

Challenge three: co-planning time

Every instructor wishes they had more time, but there is never enough.

How to overcome it

Let’s stress once more that co-planning is a prerequisite for co-teaching. Moreover, we are aware that some co-teachers receive more planning time than others. Furthermore, we recommend making the most of each moment. Besides, plan your meeting and follow it through. Finish any duties you can online when you cannot meet. In addition to this, if only for a minute, check in every day to evaluate and share any important information. Also, we have a running to-do list on our shared drive that we can all view, contribute to, and edit because we have a tendency to get sidetracked. In this way, even if we are unable to meet in person, we may still make progress.

Challenge four: establishing parity

Gaining the respect of colleagues, family, and fellow students requires time and effort.

How to overcome it

  • Begin on the first day. Introduce yourselves as co-teachers to the students, families, and co-workers either in person or through a combined welcome letter.
  • Show continued and persistent solidarity by jointly attending meetings. Moreover, if only one of you is invited, you should ask your coach or team leader to invite both of you. Usually, it takes a few repetitions before anything sticks.
  • Be sure to sign any correspondence with both professors’ names. Regardless of how you deal with parents, ensure that both teachers have access.

Also, as a student, do not forget to seek assistance from assignment help for students. Moreover, these services will help you with quality work and enhanced academic performance. Furthermore, it will help you establish parity as a student in the class.

Challenge five: logistics

Plans, rosters, and schedules are too much work.  

How to overcome it

First, talk to your administrators. To co-teach and/or co-plan together, find out if they are interested in grouping English language learners. Moreover, by often dealing with administration, you should learn to always be prepared. Furthermore, they are much more likely to agree to a well-thought-out schedule and co-teaching plan than they are to a hypothetical example. First, conduct your research, and then request administrative approval. Start off quietly. Also, if you can only co-teach for a short time with another instructor, that is acceptable. Hence, you can attempt to improve the level of cooperation in the future.


So, this was all about the approaches of co-teaching, its advantages and challenges. For more such informative blogs, you can our website.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: 1 Which five co-teaching models are there?
Answer: 1 Five co-teaching models include individual instruction, instruction in pairs, instruction in alternative directions, instruction at stations, and instruction in teams.
Question: 2 Which six steps make up the co-teaching cycle?
Answer: 2 Study, decide, plan, carry out, evaluate, and adjust are the six stages of PTLC. Moreover, the detailed goals for each phase are described in the pages that follow. In order to select a particular standard or level that many students are not proficient in, teachers will have looked at student accomplishment records before the cycle starts.