Aerospace engineering and its component areas


Hello friends how are you? Hope you all are doing great in your respective fields. Today with the help of this blog I am going to spread information on the topic Aerospace engineering and its component areas. This blog will be of great help for all those who are doing aerospace engineering or going to enroll themselves in this. If you want help in this branch of engineering you can take assignment help for it. But before directly jumping on the topic of aerospace engineering, it is important to look at different branches of engineering. All these branches have some role in aerospace engineering. So having a small knowledge of them will help in understanding aerospace engineering more.

Different Branches of Engineering

Mechanical engineering

It is a branch of engineering which deals with manufacturing, inspection, machine maintenance. This area of engineering includes vehicles, construction and farm machines and a variety of devices and tools.

Electrical engineering

It includes design, testing, manufacturing, monitoring of electrical and electronic devices and systems. These systems are microscopic circuits, transmission system, and power generators.

Civil engineering

It involves construction, design, inspection of large construction and infrastructure projects. Large projects involve highways, bridges, dams, airports, railroads, etc.

Aerospace engineering

It includes designing, manufacturing, and testing of aircraft, and spacecraft. It also involves parts like airframes, power plants, guidance systems.

Nuclear engineering

It involves manufacturing design, operations, and process involving control and detection of nuclear radiation. It includes particle accelerators and reactors. Engineers in this field also monitor harmful radiation that can do potential damage to human lives.

Biomedical engineering

This area involves equipment designed for the medical purpose. Here engineers work in close association with doctors. This helps in understanding the requirements and learning about diseases helps in creating better types of equipment for human health.

Chemical engineering

Engineers work in chemical industries. They take care of processes for refining raw materials and processing chemicals. This will help in the creation of valuable chemical items.

Computer engineering

It is designing hardware components of computers, networks, and computer software.

Environmental engineering

Environmental engineers take measures to prevent pollution from the environment. They create plans to tackle air, water, soil pollution. Environmental engineers also monitor natural disasters.

I hope now you have got a basic understanding of what work engineers do in the above-mentioned branches. Now I am going to provide important information on Aerospace engineering. This branch of engineering is gaining popularity nowadays. There is a lot of scope and handsome salary packages in Aerospace engineering. So let’s read further to gain an in-depth understanding of this branch of engineering. Have a look on sections which I have discussed below:

  • What is Aerospace Engineering?
  • Component areas of aerospace engineering
  • What does an aerospace engineer do?
  • Future after a college degree in Aerospace engineering
  • How to Become an Aerospace Engineer
  • Important Qualities for Aerospace Engineers

What is Aerospace Engineering?

Aerospace engineering is a branch of engineering which involves the construction and development of aircraft and spacecraft. Aerospace engineering has two major branches namely, Astronautical engineering and aeronautical engineering. This branch of engineering is a part of mechanical engineering. Engineers in this field gain knowledge and understanding related to rockets, spaceships, satellites, airplanes, fighter jets, etc. Astronautical branch of aerospace engineering is also sometimes known as Rocket science. According to U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics Aeronautical engineers work on the design of the aircraft that fly in Earth’s atmosphere and Astronautical engineers work on the science and technology of spacecraft.  


Component areas of aerospace engineering

Aerospace engineering is not a small subject; it has various component areas lets look at them one by one:


It is a study of orbital mechanics. It involves the prediction of orbital elements.

Fluid mechanics

Fluid mechanics involve the study of fluid movement around the aircraft or spacecraft. It involves the flow of air on wings, wind tunnels. This area helps in better understanding of take-off and landing of the aircraft.

Statics and dynamics

In statics and dynamics, engineers study different forces acting on an aircraft in the air and on land, movement of the aircraft and mechanical systems of an aircraft.


As you know math has a vital role in all forms of engineering and so does in aerospace engineering. Advance level of math and physics is involved in aerospace engineering.


It deals with the study of electronics in space engineering.


It includes the study of energy used in moving the spacecraft/aircraft in space or in the air. It involves a thorough study of internal combustion engines, turbomachinery, propellers, etc.

Structure of an aircraft

It is the study of aircraft design. It involves the physical configuration of an aircraft that experiences different forces during the flight. Aerospace engineers focus on making lightweight aircraft in order to provide a good flight experience.

Material science

This field is related to the structures. Aerospace engineers also learn about the materials used in the aircraft. This area involves the invention of new materials and modification and enhancements in the present ones.


It is the study of aerodynamic forces acting on a plane and flexibility of the structure. It causes flutter, divergence in a plane.


It is programming of computer systems in an aircraft.

Flight test

Execution of flight test programs to get a better idea of performance and handling of the aircraft to ensure whether aircraft is meeting the certification needs and how much it is safe.

Work of an aerospace engineer

Work with aerospace industries

Aerospace engineers work with companies manufacturing aircraft and spacecraft. Their work is to make satellites, aircraft, spacecraft, and ballistic missiles. Besides this, they also work on prototypes to make sure whether aircraft are working as per the requirements and safety standards or not. Engineers also make components like engine, landing gears, wings, control systems, and various instruments used in an aircraft. They also work upon the destructive and non-destructive testing of aircraft, its functionality, how much it is reliable, and durability of aircraft in a longer run.

Work on different concepts of aerodynamics

Aerospace engineers in today’s world are still working on the basic aerodynamics and have knowledge of piston engines, and jets. Astronautical engineers work on different concepts such as the propulsion system of spacecraft, liquid fuel rockets, and ion drives. They also work on the life support system specifically as space missions involving humans requires air, water, food, waste product handling. These were the tasks an Astronautical engineer also does.

Work in metal industries

In space engineering knowledge of physics, mathematics and material science is a must. Professionals in this field work with metal alloys, polymers, ceramics, and composites. Understanding these things helps the engineer to know well the disastrous situation that may arise and how to tackle them efficiently.

Work-based on CAD

Nowadays aerospace engineers are also taking help from computer-aided design system (CAD). Cad helps in the quick modification of designs of aircraft and 3D visualization of assembled parts. Computer simulation also helps in performing virtual testing of engines, control surfaces, wings, and aircraft under all atmospheric temperature and conditions.

Future after a college degree in Aerospace engineering


When a student completes his/her degree program in aerospace engineering, he/she directly gets hired by aerospace industries. They offer the job of designing and developing aircraft. The scope is broad in aerospace engineering, and this field consists of the various organization like aerospace contractors, academia and airlines, propulsion industries. They can also work in the research field, development, marketing, and many more. 

List of few careers in aerospace engineering

After possessing a degree in aerospace engineering, you will give yourself a bunch of opportunities. There are many fields that will get open for you after completing your higher education in aerospace engineering. Let’s have a look at them one by one to know about them in detail.

Commercial aerospace engineers

Commercial aerospace engineers build designs that withstand the changing environment, planes which are fuel efficient. They bring innovative ideas so that they can fulfill the growing demands of passengers and reduce the CO2 effect on the environment. Big companies invest a large amount in developing new aircraft, for the design of the aircraft, and technical advancements.

Spacecraft Designers

Spacecraft designers work in order to achieve new designs of spacecraft. They build safe designs for commercial as well as ballistic aircraft. There is a high risk involved in this work, therefore, the first work over supercomputer simulations.

Inspection department

One cannot take any chance on and off the ground when it comes to the passengers. Senior engineers become inspectors and compliance officer their job is to keep a check over the aircraft structures to make it safe for flight. The work of an inspector is both in government organizations as well as in private companies. Many aerospace companies hire inspectors to find the faults or violations in crafts.

Mechanical engineers

The work of mechanical engineers is to design tools and machines which are used in aircraft. They can make the main systems and rocket propulsions engine or warning sensors.


Work of drafter is to create technical drawings and specification sheets. These sheets are used by production and manufacturing companies to build aircraft. The drawings should be detailed and include every area of aircraft.

How to Become an Aerospace Engineer

If you want to be an aerospace engineer, then you must have bachelors’ degree in aerospace engineering or any other field of engineering which is related to aerospace. To those who want to work in defense aerospace, they need clearance from security agencies. 

Education for Aerospace Engineers

If you are in high school then must take a course which includes subjects like chemistry, physics, advanced math and programming. For becoming an entry-level aerospace engineer, you need to possess a bachelor’s degree. To grab the job of a senior aerospace engineer, you should go for a master’s degree in this field. This will create better job options for you in the future.

Students have to go through classroom teaching sessions, laboratory sessions, and field studies in propulsion, stability, controls, mechanics, and aerodynamics. There are universities that offer internships to students to provide the required exposure and experience.

Some university offers a five-year program which helps students to get bachelors and master’s degree on completing the course successfully. Masters degree also allows an engineer to go for research and development area of aerospace engineering.

Important Qualities for Aerospace Engineers

Analytical skills

They should have good technical skills so that they can identify faulty elements in an aircraft and form a new alternative to correct the problems in order to enhance the performance of the aircraft.

Business skills

Work done by aerospace engineers should meet the standards of the federal government. To satisfy the standards of the federal government, one must know standard business practices and knowledge of commercial law. Along with this if you have basic knowledge of project management, then it would be good.

Critical-thinking skills

Aerospace engineers must be able to produce designs satisfying government standards. They should be able to understand why a specific design does not go well. For that, they should have critical thinking skills in order to put up the right questions at the right time.

Math skills

Engineers should be able to use trigonometry, calculus and advanced math for design purpose and analyzing the problems.

Problem-solving skills

A problem can arise at any time and at any place in aerospace engineering, it can be minor or major. Therefore an engineer should be able to provide the best possible solution to solve the problems related to aircraft. Good problems solving skills will provide more safety and fuel efficiency.

Writing skills

A good writing skill will be an additional bonus. An engineer should be able to provide clear details of the designs so that creators can understand easily without any problems.


Let’s finish this blog by having a short recall of all the things which we have discussed in this blog related to aerospace engineering. The beginning of the blog is with a brief explanation of aerospace engineering and two divisions of this field, i.e. Astronautical engineering and aeronautical engineering. The second section talks about the component areas of aerospace engineering. There are many component areas in this field, but I have listed 11 main areas of aerospace engineering. Thirdly you can see what work an aerospace engineer will do. Then you can see what future you have with aerospace engineering.  This will help you to learn things you will face after becoming an aerospace engineer. After that, I have guided you with the ways to become an aerospace engineer. And lastly, you can see important qualities and aerospace engineer must possess.

I hope you guys had a good time reading this blog and gained good knowledge related to aerospace engineering. For further assistance, you can take online assignment help.

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