WEEE registration of the UK
The new Directive comes to effective on 14 February 2014. There are two legislations that put together to address the problems - WEEE directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment and another one is the RoHS directive on the restriction of the use of certain harmful substances in electrical and electronic equipment. RoHS directive established in February 2003 that restricting the use of harmful material in electrical equipment and this legislation needs heavy metals like lead, mercury, chromium to be replaced by safer alternatives. For the compliance to the WEEE directive, the manufacturer became responsible for this and if they fail to compliance, then they are eligible to prosecution. The aim of these directives is to encourage recycling, reuse and development of the electronic parts which are more environmentally friendly products. A WEEE regulation in the UK is regulated by the Department of Business Innovation and Skills (BIS) and also works in partnership with the administrations (Commission, 2016). All the authorized treatment facilities are taken care by the department of Environment food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and all the Environment Agencies are the enforcement agencies with regard to the producer responsibilities.
Aim of WEEE Directive
• Reducing the waste coming out of the electrical and electronic equipment
• Improving the environmental performance of electronic products
• Provide benefits to the consumers as well as professional
• Private householders will be able to give back fee collected for their WEEE facilities and provide their services to the clients free of cost;
• To give the responsibility to the Producers for taking back and recycling electrical and electronic equipment.
• To achieve the recycling and recovery targets by the Producers for different categories (plc, 2016).
Registration of WEEE
• The annual registration fee is to be paid by the producers to the appropriate agencies.
• All the WEEE compliance schemes, as well as the producers, are required to report the data on the amount of EEE that they put into the market.
• Producers always need to report this data every year to the agencies and if they do not do this then it will be offense (Sander, et al., 2007).
Benefits of WEEE
Producer compliance schemes pay attention to the overall practical execution of the take-back obligation (Environment Media Group, 2015). WEEE offers a cost-effective approach for producers. Producers are always sorting out the collection and dealing out of WEEE with regard to legal provisions, producers gave all the required data to all the shareholders and giving a proper report to all the agencies, distributors, and all other who are involved in the implementation of the legislation, and all the producers control the outcomes set down in legislation (Babu, Parande, & Basha, 2007).
The scheme controls the collection of WEEE to help the producers only for business products and to pay for the supply of new products. Another benefit of the compliance scheme is to inform and educate the consumers and encourage government agencies to control and monitoring the outcomes.
In addition, the producer compliance schemes inform and educate consumers, and support the governments in monitoring the results. Lastly, these help in throwing the information to the public on the efforts that need to be made by the clients, the manufacturers of the electrical equipment (Forum, 2016).
Hazards of WEEE
Factors influencing the legislation or policy
The key elements that need to be considered while examining the legislations or policies are scope of product, collection targets, Historic versus New WEEE, producer marketing and brand identification, etc.
1. Political and legal issues: -
Businesses while working cannot ignore the political factors and it is to be taken into account very carefully. For example, in recent trends, in order to help the private sector grow, the government is lowering down the jobs in the government sector. These factors evaluate the extent to which a certain market may be influenced by government. So, the government policies followed in the UK need to be assessed to introduce the product and to be compared with the government policies followed in WEEE to enhance the compatibility.
Legal factors cover both aspects including external as well as external. The laws of the country in which the company is going to launch its product should be comprehensively studied to avoid any kind of misconceptions later on. The compatibility of laws of the UK and WEEE must be evaluated and then the strategies should be made out in the light of such laws (Jacobson & Parmet, 2016).
2. Socio-cultural issues: -
It includes the scrutiny of social environment and includes factors such as demographics, cultural trends, analysis of population etc. For the people of the UK, what matters to them most is not the product, but the result or outcome of the product. The culture of UK is different from all other countries and it is important to observe the culture of all the people before targeting the electrical equipment’s.
3. Financial Guarantee: -
Finance expenditure is the major factor that influencing the legislation by taking support from Private Households for new WEEE. Producers always need to arrange money for the costs of waste of their own products. Producers also have the other option to choose to accomplish their obligations as they are not pressurized to spend their money (Guojun, 2011).
The compliance scheme is considered as an appropriate guarantee for new WEEE as per most member states.
4. Distance Sellers: -
Distance sellers are required to be kept in mind while implementing the schemes as distance sellers has the equal right to apply for the products. As per the Nordic council of ministers, two approaches are found that member state follows while tackling with the registration of distance sellers. These two approaches are defined below: -
• Approach 1: The distance seller must be registered with the member state where it will be easy for the companies to sale its EEE to the final users
• Approach 2: After the process of registration with the member states, it’s very important to give proper reporting about the quantity of products that are delivered to end user in the member state where the users are situated.
5. Information to consumers: -
The clarity of the information to customers is very significant before implementing the policy and it is required that the WEEE directive provides the authentic information. This information must contain some guidelines like not to dispose off their waste material and collect a such WEEE material separately as a result of which helps to improve the environment performance by recycling these electrical equipment’s.
Impact of legislation or policy on businesses
UK’s Compliance policies
2. Non-tariff: - This is not however beneficial and on the other hand, put restrictions and creates barriers. In order to recycle certain products, a license is mandatory, for example electrical products, machinery etc.
3. Product packaging and certification: - The compliance scheme in the UK makes sure that the product is properly packed by the producers and certified by the government as it will make the whole system full proof and is eventually beneficial for all the agencies.
4. Documentary requirements: - In order to recycle the product in UK, producers must have registered with the Environment agencies and all the required documents are to be submitted first and then the process can be initiated. This enhances reliability (Popescu, 2015).
Assessment of the legislation or policy
With the innovation of Recycling of the electrical materials, one can avoid wasting money, time, and other business resources. A policy related to WEEE will help producers to organize their research and planning, hold the clients demands and expectations, and accurately make planning regarding the Task. The compliance scheme will also help you avoid overestimating and misreading your target market, launching of material used for making a quality product, or a product that doesn't meet the needs of your target customers, incorrectly pricing products, spending resources you don't have on higher-than-anticipated development costs, exposing your business to risks and threats from unexpected competition.
There is a need to allow sufficient time to make and execute the compliance schemes with regard to the electrical items. Certain objectives should be set beforehand to develop the legislation and hit it in the market and while setting out the objectives, following should be kept in mind. Some of the objectives are defined below in the form of points: -
• The objective to compete against your competition will require more efficiency and efficacy from your team members.
• Your objective to achieve an environmental performance by the process of recycling as per the demand of for such products during the time when it is introduced.
• The objective to get the financial support for setting out research to make sure that the policy or scheme is developed at the right time (Consulting, 2008).
There are several important steps you will need to plan. Introducing new safer alternatives for the recycling process in the market involves a huge expenditure. The products in all the fields involve infrastructure and installation of various equipments in the production houses and other equipments required for the practical work.
Policy development is a two-way process. The first step is the market research. One requires involving analysis to segment the market and determine in what areas the product is to be launched. A segment is simply a small piece of an overall market. The market can be segmented on the basis of various aspects, for example, geographic, demographic, psychographic and other product lines. Once the markets are determined, the next step is developing policies to promote the scheme in order to reduce the waste material in the market. Many organizations have changed themselves into Internet retailers from high class retailers. As a producer one need to analyze what could be the financial problems, promotional techniques or other varied problems that can come up before actually recycling the product to customers in the market.
This could include the training the employees so that they can handle the promotional events and other promotional techniques properly and without any complications. Now, the online promotions are very famous and expertise is especially appointed to promote the product through such medium. It is required to analyze the changes which the organization is facing or will face in the future and what can be done to avoid or cope up with such changes.
Documentation and tariff to be paid by Europeans: - It is a hub of global business and considered to be the place where different people around the globe meet to improve the economy of the world. The EU is making continuous efforts to come at par with New York’s Wall Street. In order to do that, it is considered imperative by Europeans that all the essential requirements should be fulfilled. So the documents are given priorities, the excise duties, the custom duties are sufficiently paid.
Foreign investment: - When it comes to foreign investment and active and passive investors, it is important to analyze the economic factors as they affect the market in the long term. For instance a rise in the inflation rate of the economy may affect the manner in which the company sets the prices of its products. So the economic trends in UK and UAE must be evaluated so as to save themselves from losses. Changes in economic trends may have an adverse impact on the purchasing power of the people of both the countries. Economic factors cover in its ambit the interest rates, growth patterns of economy, foreign exchange rates etc.
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Sander, K., Schilling, S., Tojo, N., Rossem, C., Vernon, J., & George, C. (2007). The Producer Responsibility Principle of the WEEE Directive. Institute for Environmental Strategies. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/pdf/final_rep_okopol.pdf?bcsi_scan_f5761508bdf24bd5=0&bcsi_scan_filename=final_rep_okopol.pdf