Human trafficking can be categorized into three categories such as (Greenbaum, 2017);
• Domestic Human Trafficking:
• Foreign Human Trafficking:
• International Human Trafficking
According to a report of Bureau of Justice, more than 77 percent of the victims of human trafficking in the United States were people of color. It means the color is one of the most crucial risks of human trafficking. Racism is greatly rooted in human trafficking.
According to Omelaniuk, 2005 most of the trafficked persons are those who are poor and have limited access to education and have few job opportunities. The people who are poor and those who have limited access to education and job opportunity are often forced to migrate within the country or outside the country to have better opportunities. To get better opportunity trafficked persons willingly travel with an employer based on the promise of work as a farm worker, industry worker, waitress, or domestic worker.
According to Bernstein, 2007 the people of color affect most by the human trafficking. Most of the victims are people of color. His study shows that anti-vice measures and anti-trafficking measures have an unequal impact on increasing criminalization and surveillance of accepting street sex workers especially black women.
According to a report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2006, human trafficking is one of the most crucial global issues which have touched communities all over the world. It is not only in developing countries but also in the modern, democratic and developed countries of the world. The major victims of human trafficking are the poor and minorities. They travel of migrating from one place to another place in the serve of better job and education opportunities. But instead of getting better opportunities, they become the victims of human trafficking.
According to the government report of the United States 2006, each year more than 700000 people trafficked internationally. The same report of the government reveals that the number of children and adult forced labor, commercial sexual servitude and bounded labor is 12.3 million all around the world.
Leman and Janssens, 2008 conducted a study on 62 court cases of human trafficking. They found that the victims of trafficking are treated by authorities as criminals. They may be detained, arrested after being abducted in their countries of origin and charged in the country of destination for illegally working in the country often as a prostitute. There may be other reasons as well such as in case of false documentation they also get arrested and charged by the authorities as criminals. In such cases, it is very difficult to identify such victims that whether they are victims or voluntary migrated sex workers.
According to Gallagher & Holmes 2008, most of the women seek employment in foreign countries through corrupt employment agencies. In some of the cases, the women were attracted by being promised jobs and given the wrong promise in the form of high wages. When they travel all the way from home country to the destination country, they become the victim of human trafficking. The employer sold them for forced labor, bounded labor, or sex worker.
Place Order For A Top Grade Assignment Now
We have some amazing discount offers running for the studentsPlace Your Order
|Race||Sex Trafficking Victims||Labor Trafficking Victims|
Kempadoo, K., Sanghera, J., & Pattanaik, B. (2015). Trafficking and prostitution reconsidered: New perspectives on migration, sex work, and human rights. Routledge.
Di Nicola, A. (2007). Researching into human trafficking: Issues and problems. Human trafficking, 49-72.
Greenbaum, J. (2017). Introduction to Human Trafficking: Who Is Affected?. In Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue(pp. 1-14). Springer, Cham.
Ross, C., Dimitrova, S., Howard, L. M., Dewey, M., Zimmerman, C., & Oram, S. (2015). Human trafficking and health: a cross-sectional survey of NHS professionals’ contact with victims of human trafficking. BMJ Open, 5(8), e008682.