mental health parity and addiction equity act

 

Clarify definitions of terms and explain general concepts of how these are related to occupational therapy.

The mental health parity and addiction equity act 2008 

It is federal law for preventing group health plans and health insurance issuers. As mental illness like psychotic disorder, depressive need occupational therapy to recover (Wellstone et al., 2008). Occupational therapist conducting a group intervention on interpersonal relationship building. 

Pseudo dementias

This is same as dementia but is actually occur due to depression, psychoactive drugs, conversion reaction (Lioh et al., 1961). Caused by severe depression. Occupational therapy practitioner assist care providers to help the person suffering from the pseudo dementias. It also assists dementia person to live safely at their home.

Telebehavioral health 

It promotes creates and maintains access to behavioral health services through technology. It is related to occupational therapy as Both provides aids to all those communities including rural and most populated which are facing the acute shortage of behavioral health resources (Landry et al., 2016).

Animal-assisted therapies

It is a therapy given to the patient to improve its social and emotional functioning. In this therapy is given through animal's involvement. It is related to OT as it provides assistance to handle the animals or work with a human to make improvement in emotional and social concern (Altschiler et al., 2011).

Electrotherapy 

This therapy is used to heal the paralysis. In this electric current is passed to the body or nerves to cure the paralysis (Roberston et al., 2006).  It is related to OT as its aim is also to provide the cure and therapy to a patient suffering from the muscle pain and nerve issue.

Biofeedback 

This therapy is used to train the patient to acquire voluntary control of the function. Its concept is related to occupational therapy as OT also deals with the chronic pain syndrome and aid the person to become able of voluntary control.

Embedded behavioral health model

Embedded behavioral health is an early treatment and intervention model of behavioral health care that promotes Soldier readiness and continuity of care for Soldiers in close proximity to their units work areas (Seeman et al., 1989). Is concept is closely related to Occupational therapy as OT also provide aid to solider in regard to physical illness.

 Family educational rights and privacy act of 1974

According to this law student education record privacy can be protected. It is federal law. Its concept is also similar to as occupation therapy as the record are kept in the privacy of the patient under the Occupational therapy rule and guidelines. 

Geropsychology

It is the branch of psychology that seeks to address the concern of older adults. Its concept is also related to the Occupational therapy as OT also provide the aid to mental and baby boomer who are working in the organization.

LGBTQ

It stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. Occupational therapy conducted research in regards to LGBTQ and it has been dismissive of the multi-faceted ways that sexual orientation effects.

Managed behavioral healthcare organizations

This organization provide a high quality of care in regards to health and consumer protections. Its concept is related to Occupational Therapy as the OT practitioner also use to provide the therapy to the working people to relieve their stress and depression.

Mental health parity act of 1996

This law was signed into the US which requires annual or lifetime dollar limits on mental health benefits (Stum et al., 1998). As this is also related to the occupational therapy as OT also provide service to re-engage in serving the people with serious illness by providing them various facilities.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

It is a condition where women have severe depression symptoms, irritability, and tension (Grady et al., 2003). So the OT practitioner also tries to help those women by giving them proper counseling to recover.

Minority stress

It is a chronically high level of stress, mainly it is due to low socioeconomic status and poor social support. Occupational therapy is given by the OT practitioner to those who feel as in minority (Meyer et al., 1995). Basically, it also deals with the stress management. 

Moral treatment

It is treated with mental disorder based on humane psychosocial care. In occupational therapy, the therapist uses to give the moral support and provide the volunteer to those patients who are alone. 

U.S. Commission on mental health

Mental health commission in the US has been implemented to maximize the utility of existing resources and improve the coordination of the treatments and services in regards of mental illness (Regier et al., 1978). The concept of this commission is related to Occupational therapy as mental health is a component of all occupational therapy interventions.

Americans with disabilities act of 1990

This act prohibits discrimination in employment, public services, and telecommunication and so on. This law address the need of the disabled people. As occupational therapy use to provide the transportation facility to a disabled person. 

De facto mental health service system

It focuses on the public health perspective. In the same manner, the occupational therapy also provides the aid to the public to stay healthy and fit (Regier et al., 1978). By giving training and mental therapy.

Electronic communication

Communicating through electronic mean not eliminating the physical contact. The goals of OT is to enhance or enable meaningful participation in the occupations important to the clients served. Therefore technology is composed of providing occupational therapy services across practice areas.

Federal emergency management agency

This agency focus on to support the citizens and make the citizen cope up with the challenges (emergency et al., 2002). In the same way, occupational therapy also trained the mental and physical illness of the patient to recover themselves and make a healthy nation.

International society for traumatic stress studies

This society is dedicated to sharing of information with regards to effects of trauma and the discovery and provide the knowledge of policy and program to reduce the traumatic stressors (Shiphered et al., 2000). In a same manner occupational therapy also organizes the various program and take initiative to reduce the traumatic stress. 

National Alliance on mental alliance (NAMI)

It is a mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness.
New freedom commission on mental health- this was established by US president George W Bush. This commission studies the mental health services in the US and makes recommendation according to the findings. This concept is interrelated with the occupational therapy as OT also indulge in the survey and take feedback from the patient to implement the program accordingly.

Pastoral counselling

In this trained ministers, priest, rabbis and imams use to give therapy to the patient of mental illness (Augsburger et al., 1986) in the same manner in Occupational Therapy the OT therapist try to give the therapy to the patient who is suffering from the mental illness.

Psychotropic medications

Medication which use lithium to treat the depression are called psychotropic medications (Zito et al., 2000). In the same way, the occupational therapist also uses the lithium to treat the depression.

Task force on promoting resilience in response to terrorism

Taskforce on Promoting Resilience in Response to Terrorism, was created by American Psychological Association which just released a set of fact sheets on how psychologists can help a variety of populations - from young children to older adults to people with serious mental illnesses (Levant et al., 2002). So it is as related to the occupational therapy that OT also try to produce the fact sheet in a way to know how to treat the mental illness in best effective manner.

Radio psychiatry

It means that when any trained psychiatry gives and provide the counseling over the radio in the community for the majority of the patient who is mentally ill and is in a depression (Hickling et al., 1992). In a same manner occupational therapy also give this type of mental cure remedy.
 

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References 

Wellstone, P. (2008). Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008. HR, 1424(110), 511-512.
Landry-Poole, J. M., Pujol, L., & Moore, B. A. (2016). TELE-BEHAVIORAL HEALTH. Caring for the Military: A Guide for Helping Professionals, 217.
Altschiller, D. (2011). Animal-assisted therapy. ABC-CLIO.
Sturm, R., & McCulloch, J. (1998). Mental health and substance abuse benefits in carve-out plans and the Mental Health Parity Act of 1996. Journal of Health Care Finance, 24(3), 82-92.
Kiloh, L. G. (1961). Pseudo?dementia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 37(4), 336-351.
Robertson, V. J., Low, J., Ward, A., & Reed, A. (2006). Electrotherapy Explained: principles and practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Seeman, J. (1989). Toward a model of positive health. American Psychologist, 44(8), 1099.
EMERGENCY, F. (2002). Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Grady-Weliky, T. A. (2003). Premenstrual dysphoric disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(5), 433-438.
Regier, D. A., Goldberg, I. D., & Taube, C. A. (1978). The de facto US mental health services system: a public health perspective. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35(6), 685-693.
Meyer, I. H. (1995). Minority stress and mental health in gay men. Journal of health and social behavior, 38-56.
Shepherd, J. C., Matza, A., & Salters-Pedneault, K. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.
Augsburger, D. W. (1986). Pastoral counseling across cultures. Westminster John Knox Press.
Zito, J. M., Safer, D. J., Gardner, J. F., Boles, M., & Lynch, F. (2000). Trends in the prescribing of psychotropic medications to preschoolers. Jama, 283(8), 1025-1030.
The Levant, R. F. (2002). Psychology responds to terrorism. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33(5), 507.
Hickling, F. W. (1992). Radio psychiatry and community mental health. Psychiatric Services, 43(7), 739-741.

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