PALLATIVE AN END OF LIFE CARE
The end of life care is one of the most crucial aspects of the palliative care. The patients suffering from terminal diseases also need extra care to get rid of the pain and also for improving quality of the life. The right palliative care techniques can help these patients to reduce their suffering and lead a happier life.
The end of life care varies with the personal values and beliefs of the individuals. Therefore , the need of end of life care also varies with the individuals. The current essay deals with analysis on the end of life care and palliative care for the patients suffering from serious illness. The essay also includes discussion on how the nurses can provide better palliative and end of life care services to the patients . The facts of how personal beliefs , values and culture of nurses shape the way of providing the end of care or palliative care approaches are discussed in the essay.
The end of life care is applicable for the patients suffering from terminal diseases. The end of life care focuses on the concept that death should be viewed as an integral part of life; it is a natural incident and is inevitable (Brinkman-Stoppelenburg et al.2014). However, it is necessary to ensure that a person, at the last stage of life receives care and support from the family members and the health care provider so that the final stage becomes peaceful and comfortable. Although in end of life care, death is considered natural, the care is based on the principle, that the final stage of one’s life is equally important as the other stages are (Wright et al.2014; Hui et al.2014). The needs of an individual should be met at the final stage of the life also just like the needs were fulfilled at the other stages of the life. So, goal of the nurses providing end of care support to the individuals is, ensuring that quality of the life of a dying person is maintained. It is also ensured that the spiritual and psychological needs of a person are also fulfilled at the final stage of the life (Goldberg et al.2018). Another aim of the end of life care is protecting individuality of the persons to make the days more comfortable. The terminal diseases often come with the burdensome treatment interventions. The end of life care also focuses on providing the patients with the choice of selecting their medical interventions, if possible.
The end of life care mainly aims at addressing few needs of the patients for reducing pain of the disease. The factors which are given the most importance in the end of life care are –
Managing the pain and symptom of diseases:
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Preparing to accept the end of life:
Improving the relationship between the patient, healthcare service providers and the family members:
Helping the patient to achieve a sense of completion:
The nurses providing end of life care to the patients should focus on fostering skillful communication among the patients and the family members. With the quality communication only, the nurses can address concerns of the patients and their families (Hui et al.2015). Understanding the requirement of patients and their families is also important for providing the end of life care. Quality communication from the nurses also helps the professionals to identify and address their needs.
The nurses should understand that the person who is suffering from the terminal disease is dying imminently. Therefore, it is necessary for the nurses to ensure that the person and the family is getting the optimum comfort and satisfaction. Shared decision making is important for all the treatment process. However, shared decision making is even more important for the persons suffering from terminal disease (Walczak et al.2015). Carrying out the complex medical interventions can affect comfort of such patients. Therefore, before undertaking any such treatment, the nurses need to focus on informing the patients about the treatment process and their effects on the patients’ health.
The current discussion on the end of life care indicates that the nurses should have sympathy and a focus on care to provide the dying patients with the optimum comfort. However , the nurse should give focus on using quality communication to understand need of the patients and address those.
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