History of Computers that Changed the World
IBM 5150, the era of 1980 started with the IBM 5150, and it was the first product which was created to the compatible platform of IBM. The computer was not a fanatic computer but t had all the features which were required in the personal computers during that time as the powerful CPU-8088, and the drive of floppy disk was also available. Further, it was followed by various products of IBM during 1980, and the various compatible models of IBM were made by various manufacturers. The 5150 leadoff the personal computer which we know in Todays time as it is a platform that can run software along with distinct hardware. Compaq Portable, during 1980, the portable computers were also available. The Compaq portable was the most authoritative one during that time. In 1983, the compatible portable of IBM was a great success. It had the attributes of hardware and was also compatible with the ordinary software. The weight of the personal computer was 28 pounds which was equal to the size of a suitcase (Computersciencelab.com, 2016). Therefore, the size of the personal computer was very small at that time and further the broad variety of the same devices was implemented in the next era. Apple Macintosh, the computer was not the first one along with the operating system of graphics rather it was the first one to use that. The line of the command was exiled in favor of fascinated graphics of on-screen and along with it mouse was created for the purpose of navigation. The creation of the computer was announced in the advertisement of ‘1984'. The computer attained great success and Mac was influenced to a great extent. But there was an issue that the software was programmed to use to an interface of command-line (Gander et al., 2012). Further, Apple took help from various developers like Microsoft in order to solve the issue. Compaq LTE, in 1989, Compaq again came up with the portable approach of computing, and it was the first computer of notebook and became authoritative and successful during that time, and this became possible because of its features of the hardware. The Compaq LTE had everything which was required and also contained hard disk and the floppy drive. The weight of the computer was 7 pounds. Intel ATX is the factor of the specification which was given by Intel. It defines the motherboard's size where the holes were attached to the case and various locations of the slots of expansion. The ATX took over the factor of AT form and was also known as the default for the computers with the desktop in 1990. Apple iPad is a great impact on the industry of computers, and it also fascinated people to a great extent, and there are various other alternatives of Android which there in the market.
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Contribution of Google
There is various software that is given by Google in order to contribute successfully in the history of modern computing and for the betterment of people and the software are as follows (Clark et al., 2014). Google Chrome is the web browser which is tabbed along with an interface of new technology. It was created from the code of the chromium source. It provides absolute integration along with the account of Gmail. Further, this helps in synchronizing and sharing the links on the web. The search box of the chrome helps in searching easily and quickly. Google Earth is a program that allows a person to enjoy the view of 3D of the earth. This helps in exploring various buildings, cities, and structures along with the layer of the 3D building. It also helps in looking at the galaxies that are distant, helps in viewing constellations, and also helps in viewing the 3D model of the space crafts. Google Drive is an application that enables to sync and upload the various files from the computer to the storage service which is present online. Further, the application is available for Android, Windows, iOS, and it also provides free storage of 5 GB for each type of file. Google + Auto Backup is the simplest tool that helps in selecting the folders which a person wants to backup. Further, this software uses the storage of Google drive, and by default, it uploads at the full size. The settings can be easily changed at the option of preference of Auto Backup. Google Earth Plug-in enables to explore and navigate the data of geography on a 3D globe with the usage of a web browser. The software along with the Java Script helps in embedding the complete authority of Google Earth and the capabilities of 3D to the webpage (Computerhistory.org, 2016).
Google Desktop ensures the searching of the computer easy just like web searching through Google. It is a search application of desktop that offers the complete text of search through files, emails, Gmail, etc. that are being viewed. By computer searching, the desktop places the information within reach and, it doesn't require to manage and organize the files manually. Android Studio is an editor of code that is capable of completion of advanced coding, analysis of coding and refactoring. The wizards of the project make it easy to start and use the project. Further, the start projects use the codes of the template for various patterns like the drawer of navigation, pagers, and also import the samples of Google code. Google Updater is a tool that is used to upgrade and download the software. It is very important for the computers to have this feature as this is significant to download various software like Google toolbar, Google Earth, Spyware Doctor, Mozilla Firefox, etc. Google Chrome Canary is a free browser that is being created for the early adopters and developers, and it breaks downs occasionally. Further, in order to adjutant testing and development, Canary and Chrome can be used at the same time. Therefore, it is the new and latest feature of chrome. Google Input Marathi is the method of input that enables the person to enter the text in the Latin languages according to the preference of the user. The user has to enter the word by making the usage of the characters of Latin and the tools of the Google input for the Windows and further, it will be converted to the endemic script. Chrome Remote Desktop makes easy for people to use and access a computer with the help of Chrome book. The protocol is used in order to connect the removed computers which are encrypted which makes sure that the data is protected from the attack of MITM. Google Toolbar for the Internet Explorer toolbars are famous for the saving of space and time whether they are embodied to the application of editing of text with the required tools or within the web browser which provides access to the website of your choice. It is handy for the end-users who work on a regular basis.
Computerhistory.org. (2016). Welcome | Computer History Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.computerhistory.org/ [Accessed 12 Nov. 2016].
The website helped in understanding the detailed information about the history of modern computing and how technology changed according to the time.
Computersciencelab.com. (2016). Computer Science Lab Home Page: Learn Computer Programming. [online] Available at: http://www.computersciencelab.com/ [Accessed 12 Nov. 2016].
The website helped me in understanding to the role of various personal computers in the history of modern computing and how it impacted people.
Gander, M.J., and Wanner, G., 2012. From Euler, Ritz, and Galerkin to modern computing. Siam Review, 54(4), pp.627-666.
Gobbo, F. and Benini, M., 2014. The minimal levels of abstraction in the history of modern computing. Philosophy & Technology, 27(3), pp.327-343.
Purkiss, D., 2013. The witch in history: early modern and twentieth-century representations. Routledge.