Hey friends. What’s up? I hope you all are engaged in useful activities. Today I am going to talk about Australian education system. This article will be helpful for both local as well as overseas people. As we all know, education has become a basic need. It is imperative that everyone should have access to education. Australian education system is distinctive from other countries. The duty of regulation and funding of education is of States. Federal Government also provides funds.
The Department of Education & Training is responsible Australian education system. Australia has a organised and well-structured education system. Education in Australia commences at the age of five or six. However, it may differ in different states.You may need assignment help as you make your way to higher education.
After reading this blog, you will be an informed person about Australian education system. Be ready to take a exciting journey with me.
In this blog, you will get to know about the following points:
- Structure of Australian education system
- Vocational Education and Training
- The Australian Qualifications framework
The Australian education system is highly privatized. This fact is true for both the school and higher education sectors.
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The Australian education system is broadly structured as follows:
Preschools are generally not regulated by the government. Also, it is not compulsory to attend preschools. The first exposure that many kids have to learning is day-care or preschool. Although, this activity is not considered as schooling. This is because preschool education is separate from primary school. Preschools approach varies with different states . Some preschools operating separately and some within the primary school.
In Australia, preschool is different from primary school. However, in Western Australia and Victoria this is not the case. Preschool is offered to three to five years old.
At preschool, children engaged in different activities. These include painting and pasting, blocks and construction, puzzles and games, etc. These activities help children to learn through play. They also help children to develop socializing skills.
The role of preschools is to prepare students for school. Also, preschool provides care and supervisions of children. Preschool is the foundation to formal learning.
2. Primary school
Primary school can be referred to as the first stage of formal education. It is compulsory for children to start their school at the age of six years. However, many children start schooling at four or five years of age. Children attend primary school until the age of eleven or twelve. Programs offered by primary schools is the foundation to Year 6 to 7.
Since 2010, it has been made compulsory for every student to complete year 10. After that, they are to participate full time in education or employment, until they are at least 17 years of age.
In primary schools, children start to learn core subjects. The primary focus is on providing fundamental knowledge about the world around them. Children are taught essential numeracy and literacy.
In some states, middle schools have been introduced. It mainly offers programs for students in Years 7 to 10. But, this could be different from school to school. After completing middle school, students enroll in high or secondary schools to complete year 10, 11 and 12.
3. Secondary school
Children attend secondary school after completing six years of primary education. Some states have only primary and secondary schools. Children residing in such states and between 13 and 18 years of age attend secondary schools (or high schools.) As you move from primary school to secondary school, they are introduced to the more in-depth knowledge of a subject.
Students learn about different subjects such as English, math, social science, citizenship, and economics. The curriculum is set to enhance their knowledge about various topics.
In year 11 and 12, students have freedom of choice about which subject they want to pursue. Students are awarded a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education once they complete Year 12.
After secondary school, students either pursue vocational and higher education courses or start work.
4. Higher Education
Higher Education typically involves study at the university or technical college. It relies upon many education providers such as colleges and other institutes. Higher education providers are established or recognized by the Australian government
Higher education requires rigorous study over a number of years. But some of you may be wondering “Why higher education is important?” Let me give you the answer. Higher education not only provides recognized education, but also prepares you for future job prospects. Interesting? Right?
Australia is one of the most-liked destinations for higher education. The diversity of programs in higher education is like the norm in Australia. There is a wide range of courses to pursue. These courses are highly reputed and internally recognized.
Australia is home to 43 universities: 40 are public, two are global, and one private. It’s a perfect place to get highly recognized education.
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Vocational Education and Training (VET)
VET can be referred to as education and training. More precisely, training that focuses on providing essential skills for work. Thousands of courses are available through VET.
VET provides the essential skills to help students to:
- Join workforce for the first time
- Re-join the workforce after the break
- Upgrade skills in their chosen field
- Move into a different career
Who offers VET?
Courses affiliated to VET are offered by Registered Training Organizations (RTOs). Technical and further education (TAFE) institutes and private colleges are also included in RTOs. Some universities provide VET courses in addition to higher education courses. Each Australian state or territories register these organizations.
Overseas students can also register themselves in VET courses. RTOs that wish to enroll overseas students must also register with the Australian’s government commonwealth register of institutions and courses for overseas students (CRICOS). Through this, government monitors the education offered to overseas students in Australia.
How do VET courses differ to higher education courses?
VET courses are more focused on providing job-oriented skills and practical training. While higher education is known for focusing on delivering theory-based knowledge. Usually, VET courses help students to acquire jobs skills without having higher education.
Entry into VET requires a student to complete a certain level of study. In Australia, study level equivalent to year 10, 11 and 12 suffices to pursue VET courses. But some subjects require earlier work experience. Entry into courses like arts and design may also need a portfolio. Though there are common entry requirements for VET courses, each institute has different criteria.
The Australian Qualifications framework
AQF is a national policy that decides the standard for educational qualifications. It is governed nationally by the Australian government. The Australian government designed the AQF. The aim behind AQF was to ensure that educational titles across the country are consistent.
There are ten levels under AQF. I am going to discuss AQF levels briefly in the following paragraphs:
1. Level 1
Graduates at Level 1 will be able to do initial work. With knowledge and skills, they will be ready for community involvement and further learning.
Graduates at this level will have foundation technical and cognitive skills to:
- Undertake coherent actions
- Identify simple issues and problems
Those who complete this level are awarded Certificate I.
This level usually requires 0.5 to 1 year to study.
2. Level 2
Graduates at this level will have basic factual, technical and procedural knowledge of a specific area.
Graduates at this level will have necessary technical and communication skills to apply the knowledge. The knowledge of appropriate methods and tools have them to:
- Undertake defined activities
- Provide solutions to predictable problems
Those who complete this level are awarded Certificate II.
This level usually requires 0.5 to 1 year to study.
3. Level 3
Students after Graduating at this level will have the practical and theoretical knowledge. They instill important skills for work or further learning.
Those who are graduates from this level will have a range of skills. These skills include cognitive, technical and communication. This level graduates select and apply a variety of information and tools to:
- Complete routine activities
- Provide solutions to predictable and sometimes unpredictable problems.
Those who complete this level are awarded Certificate III.
This level usually requires 1 to 2 years to study.
4. Level 4
Graduates at this level will have the practical and theoretical knowledge and skills for specialized or skilled work.
Graduates at this level will have a broad level of cognitive, technical and communication skills. They apply their knowledge and skills to:
- Complete routine and non-routine activities
- Provide solutions to predictable and unpredictable problems.
Those who complete this level are awarded Certificate IV.
This level usually requires 0.5 to 2 years of study.
5. Level 5
Specialized knowledge and skills acquired by the graduates help them to do paraprofessional work.
They have broad range of skills which include cognitive, technical and communication skills. The skills help them to select and apply knowledge to:
- Analyze information
- Ability to provide solutions to complex problems
- Ability to transmit information to others
Those who complete this level are awarded Diploma.
This level usually requires 1 to 2 years of study.
6. Level 6
Broad knowledge and skills acquired by the graduates this level help them to do highly skilled work
Again, like previous level, students at this level have cognitive, technical and communications skills. Graduates at this level use these skills to:
- Analyze complete information and make sense out of it
- Interpret and transmit solutions to complex problems
- Transmit skills to others
Those who complete this level are awarded Associate degree and Advance diploma.
Associate degree – This level usually requires 2 years of study.
Advanced degree – This level usually requires 1.5 to 2 years of study.
7. Level 7
Broad and coherent knowledge acquired by graduates at this level prepare them for professional work.
Well-developed cognitive, technical and communication skills are some of the traits of graduates at this level. They apply these skills to:
- Evaluate and analyze information
- Generate, analyze and transmit solutions to complex problems
- Share knowledge, skills, and ideas
Those who complete this level are awarded Bachelor Degree.
This level usually requires 3 to 4 years of study
8. Level 8
Student after this level will have advanced knowledge and skills for professional work or highly skilled work.
Advanced cognitive, technical and communication skills acquired by graduates at this level. These skills help them to select and apply knowledge to:
- Analyse the critical information of the complete range of activities
- Generate and analyze solutions to complex problems
- Transmit knowledge
Those who complete this level are awarded Graduate diploma, graduate certificate and Bachelor honors degree.
Graduate Diploma – This level usually requires 1 to 2 years of study.
Graduate certificate – This level usually requires 6 months to 1 year of study.
Bachelor honors degree – This level usually requires 1 year of study.
9. Level 9
Students after this level will have specialized knowledge, skills and they can use these skills to research and work practice.
Students who graduate from this level will have specialized knowledge and skills for and professional practice. They can independently:
- Reflect on and analyze complex information, problems, concepts and theories
- Ability to execute theories into practice
- Transmit knowledge and skills
Those who complete this level are awarded Masters degree (extended), Masters degree (coursework) and Masters degree (research).
Masters degree (extended) – It usually requires 3 to 4 years of study.
Masters degree (coursework) and Masters degree (research) – This usually requires 1 to 2 years of study.
10. Level 10
Students after this level acquire critical understanding of complex subjects. They goes through systematic training to get through this level.
Students who graduate from this level will have expert and specialized skills. These skills are in discipline area to:
- Engage in appraisal and reflection
- Adapt, develop and implement existing research
- Promote and generate new insights to the community
- Generate genuine and original knowledge to make a significant contribution
Those who complete this level are awarded Doctoral degree.
This level usually requires 3 to 4 years of study.
Australian education system is one of the most reputed in the world. If you’ve just found a new job or planning to settle, you should know about Australian education system. Many overseas students are flying to Australia to pursue higher education. Assignment help Australia is perfect resort for any academic assistance. If you are pursuing higher education, you may need to write a case study. I have written a very interesting article on how to write a case study. You may take the help of that. If you have any queries regarding anything, you can directly contact us on our website. Thanks for Reading!